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Capita Product

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Journal Article
Demography (1968) 5 (1): 422–432.
Published: 01 March 1968
... on demographic investment (quantitative population control). Using real per capita product as the point of departure, an analytical model is developed which provides the following measures for assessing demographic investment: the return per year, the rate of return on the initial investment, the total lifetime...
Journal Article
Demography (1973) 10 (3): 483–493.
Published: 01 August 1973
... theory rules this out by simply assuming two goals. THE ECONOMIC OPTIMUM In selecting per capita product as a dependent variable, Sauvy is, of course, dealing with the familiar "economic op- timum," and he is alert to some of its complexities. The size of population that will maximize average output...
Journal Article
Demography (2010) 47 (Suppl 1): S151–S172.
Published: 01 March 2010
... as the population ages. Population aging and the forces leading to it can produce not only frightening declines in support ratios but also very substantial increases in productivity and per capita income by raising investment in physical and human capital. Longer life, lower fertility, and population aging all...
Journal Article
Demography (1966) 3 (2): 423–444.
Published: 01 June 1966
... nations pertaining to the decade of the 1950's, it is found that fertility is directly associated with per capita net national product when controls for other relevant variables are in8tituted. On the other hand, per capita newspaper circulation is inversely related to fertility, and infant mortality...
Journal Article
Demography (2017) 54 (5): 1921–1946.
Published: 25 September 2017
... the explanatory power of economic growth. In particular, we extend the Li and Lee model (Li and Lee 2005 ) by including economic growth, represented by the real gross domestic product (GDP) per capita, to capture the common mortality trend for a group of populations with similar socioeconomic conditions. We find...
FIGURES | View All (8)
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (1986) 23 (2): 199–216.
Published: 01 May 1986
... of the equation depend on gross national product per capita. The results demonstrate the efficacy of multilevel analysis, provide a partial test of the theory underlying the analysis, and refocus discussion of the contributions of development and policy variables to fertility reduction. 9 1 2011 ©...
Journal Article
Demography (1998) 35 (1): 45–56.
Published: 01 February 1998
..., or production and consumption per capita (A), and (3) technology, or the pollution created per unit activity or consumption (T). An obvious implication of this model is that if population (P) doubles while con- sumption per capita (A) and technology (1) remain constant, the level of pollution or environmental...
Journal Article
Demography (2011) 48 (1): 267–290.
Published: 23 February 2011
... of zero vitality; and (6) larger agricultural and food productivities, higher labor participation rates, higher percentages of population living in urban areas, and larger GDP per capita and GDP per unit of energy use are important beneficial national ecological system factors that can promote survival...
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Journal Article
Demography (1975) 12 (4): 629–644.
Published: 01 November 1975
... spending more than five percent of their gross national product on social security programs, only one (Portugal) could be considered as underdeveloped (based on per capita income). Further- more, social security systems have de- veloped in all modern industrialized nations, regardless of their political...
Journal Article
Demography (1983) 20 (1): 27–43.
Published: 01 February 1983
... ). Population, Modernization and Social Structure . Boston : Little, Brown & Co . Grosse R. N. , & Harkavy O. ( 1980 ). The Role of Health in Development . Social Science and Medicine , 14C , 165 – 169 . World Bank Atlas: Per Capita Product, Population, Main Urban Centers...
Journal Article
Demography (1970) 7 (2): 211–234.
Published: 01 May 1970
... organization of production as in the past. In cases where expansion of the area of cultivated land and supply of water in proportion to the increase in population is not feasible, marginal productivity and per capita output will decrease unless technical innovations and/or inputs which will raise per acre...
Journal Article
Demography (1964) 1 (1): 136–147.
Published: 01 March 1964
... at least two sets of data-degree of primacy and per capita gross national product-were available, have been studied. The study had two broad objectives: first, to examine the relationship between the degree of primacy and certain demo- graphic and ecological characteristics of these countries; second...
Journal Article
Demography (2011) 48 (4): 1231–1262.
Published: 18 October 2011
... that the world did quite well in food production in the 1960s and 1970s. World population increased by 44% but food production increased by 59% from 1961 to 1980, resulting in per capita food production being 10% higher in 1980 than it was in 1961. I mention the 1961–1980 period first because concerns about food...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (1973) 10 (4): 507–515.
Published: 01 November 1973
... to the changing correlation between log GRR and log E; rlogGRR,logFJ is -.79, .17, and -.48 for 5, 6, and 7, re- spectively. ) A MEASUREMENT OF THE INFLUENCE OF MORTALITY AND FERTILITY RATES ON AGE COMPOSITION AND THE IMPLICATIONS FOR PER CAPITA INCOME If two countries have the same aver- age labor productivity...
Journal Article
Demography (1972) 9 (2): 241–248.
Published: 01 May 1972
... of suboptimal population has been overestimated. 30 12 2010 © Population Association of America 1972 1972 Capita Income Capital Stock Marginal Product Income Elasticity Public Utility References Bain Joseph S. ( 1954 ). Economies of scale, concentration and the conditions...
Journal Article
Demography (1972) 9 (3): 383–398.
Published: 01 August 1972
... Product) (population aged 15- 64). X 3 = index of literacy = newspaper circulation per 1000 persons (aged 15 X 4 = index of child mortality = IMR per 1000 births. X 5 = population density. X 6 = percent increase in per capita en- ergy consumption (1937-1953). Given Heer's variables, we shall assume...
Journal Article
Demography (1965) 2 (1): 203–232.
Published: 01 March 1965
... product figures diverging in the same sense, thus leaving the comparative pat- terns of per capita incomes ambiguous. We shall now explore such situations. The first question we shall ask is, What are the maximum levels of invest- ments from year to year which are eco- nomically permissible, provided...
Journal Article
Demography (1974) 11 (4): 691–694.
Published: 01 November 1974
...Daniel B. Suits 26 1 2011 © Population Association of America 1974 1974 Capita Income Family Planning Program Crude Birth Rate Exponential Growth Rate Fertility Reduction References Enke Stephen ( 1966 ). The Economic Aspects of Slowing Population Growth...
Journal Article
Demography (1977) 14 (4): 519–537.
Published: 01 November 1977
... capita wholesale sales, since all sales or transfers in these industries are, by definition, wholesale. It is possible that firms in such industries are so large that their sales divisions are in separate loca- tions from their production divisions, adding to the wholesale sales of the metro- politan...
Journal Article
Demography (2014) 51 (1): 299–315.
Published: 04 December 2013
... and the demographic dividend were linked from the beginning. Bloom and Williamson ( 1998 ) studied the rate of real gross domestic product (GDP) per capita growth in 78 countries between 1965 and 1990. One of their independent variables was the level of human capital in 1965, measured as the log of the average years...