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Capita Consumption

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Journal Article
Demography (2010) 47 (Suppl 1): S151–S172.
Published: 01 March 2010
...Ronald Lee; Andrew Mason Abstract Across the demographic transition, declining mortality followed by declining fertility produces decades of rising support ratios as child dependency falls. These improving support ratios raise per capita consumption, other things equal, but eventually deteriorate...
Journal Article
Demography (1967) 4 (2): 773–779.
Published: 01 June 1967
... de funciones exponenciales uno puede determinar valores para la distribucion de estas variables y la tasa cruda de mortalidad para cualquier nivel de consumo de energía que se desee. Summary Per capita consumption of energy in 112 world areas was related to a series of economic and demographic...
Journal Article
Demography (2012) 49 (1): 359–392.
Published: 02 December 2011
..., an almost exclusively private good. In settings in which individually consumed goods are the main component of expenditures, asset indices and per capita consumption yield the least similar results. The asset indicators used in each of these data sets are similar to those in situations in which the asset...
FIGURES | View All (8)
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2011) 48 (1): 371–399.
Published: 17 February 2011
..., and to estimate age-specific profiles of consumption of energy-intensive goods and of CO 2 emissions. Third, I offer an illustration of the methodologies using data for the United States. The analysis shows that per-capita CO 2 emissions increase with age until the individual is in his or her 60s...
FIGURES | View All (6)
Journal Article
Demography (1972) 9 (2): 203–215.
Published: 01 May 1972
... of directly responsible for an important whom used correlation and regression 203 204 techniques to approach the problem for a number of Western countries with available data on overall per capita cigarette consumption. The contribution of cigarette smoking to excess widow- hood in the United States has been...
Journal Article
Demography (2014) 51 (3): 1131–1157.
Published: 02 May 2014
... 42 6.1 4.8 7.2 .431 18.8 19.2 18.5 .845 Per Capita Consumption  Quintile 1 (poorest) 358 325 56 33 17.2 15.8 18.2 .495 9.2 13.1 6.3 .081  Quintile 2 425 372 49 53 13.2 11.8 14.2 .550 12.5 16.6 9.1 .016*  Quintile 3 379 341 33 38 9.7 10.5 9.0 .639...
FIGURES
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (1998) 35 (1): 45–56.
Published: 01 February 1998
..., or production and consumption per capita (A), and (3) technology, or the pollution created per unit activity or consumption (T). An obvious implication of this model is that if population (P) doubles while con- sumption per capita (A) and technology (1) remain constant, the level of pollution or environmental...
Journal Article
Demography (2013) 50 (2): 591–614.
Published: 30 November 2012
... suicide rates over the period was related to demographic (percentage male), economic (per capita income), social (percentage divorced), and cultural (alcohol consumption and gun ownership) factors. However, findings differ importantly by type of suicide, and across time and space. Reasons...
FIGURES
Journal Article
Demography (1968) 5 (2): 642–650.
Published: 01 June 1968
... over the last decade, their per capita consumption has not increased at all. While this year a partial breakthrough in agricultural pro- duction has been achieved, resulting in bumper crops of nearly 100 million tons, compared to about 65 million tons a year in the past few years, the per capita...
Journal Article
Demography (2017) 54 (3): 1119–1145.
Published: 08 May 2017
... households headed by men or by women are poorer. Common practice has been to make simple comparisons of mean household per capita consumption or poverty measures, or to regress log consumption per capita on controls and a dummy variable for the head’s gender. Most observers have concluded that FHHs...
FIGURES
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2001) 38 (1): 115–132.
Published: 01 February 2001
.... Yet we can compare wealth gaps in enrollment across quintiles calcu- lated with the asset index in the NFHS to wealth gaps based on per capita consumption expenditures ( = 1) from an analysis of Indian National Sample Survey (NSS) data (Haque, Lanjouw, and Ravallion 1998). We use a simple bi- variate...
Journal Article
Demography (1972) 9 (2): 241–248.
Published: 01 May 1972
... per capita taken by itself. If we assume a given consumption per capita, then that Optimal PopulatIon Given this characteristic of under- population, let us examine its implica- tions regarding the degree of returns to scale. Consider a proportional change (A) in both capital and labor: dP=dK=X P K...
Journal Article
Demography (2009) 46 (2): 303–324.
Published: 01 May 2009
... household consumption (Panel B), and per capita household wealth (Panel C), for children up to the age of 14. All three measures of household resources produce similar results. Noting that better health is indicated by a smaller number, the protective effect of household resources is clearly indicated...
Journal Article
Demography (2010) 47 (1): 163–180.
Published: 01 February 2010
... or father at baseline. The heads in the households in which they were living during the baseline were older, less educated, and more likely to be female. Further, they do not appear to be wealthier in terms of household consumption per capita or quality of À ooring in the dwelling.10 The height...
Image
Published: 08 May 2017
Fig. 3 Annual absolute change in poverty by gender of head. Based on headcount indices of poverty measured using household consumption per capita as given in Table 5 and computed from household consumption surveys for countries and time spells listed in Table 5 . The continuous line More
Journal Article
Demography (1997) 34 (1): 97–114.
Published: 01 February 1997
... from their means will be largest, therefore, among the youngest groups, so that the last term in Eq. (11) can be positive, and declines in the population growth rate will diminish inequality. Even on a household basis, per capita consumption and income may be lowest among the households...
Journal Article
Demography (1997) 34 (1): 67–81.
Published: 01 February 1997
... the life cycle are gov- erned by a life cycle budget constraint. We will consider the special theoretical case of so-called golden rule steady state economies, in which the capital labor ratio maximizes per capita consumption, and aggregate consumption equals ag- gregate earnings of labor. In this case...
Journal Article
Demography (2011) 48 (4): 1231–1262.
Published: 18 October 2011
... countries and for separate regions (Chen and Ravallion 2010 ). Using a poverty line of household per capita consumption of $1.25 per day, the World Bank estimates that the percentage of the population in poverty in low- and middle-income countries fell from 52% in 1981 to 25% in 2005. Based on a poverty...
FIGURES | View All (13)
Includes: Supplementary data
Image
Published: 18 October 2011
Fig. 9 World Bank estimates of percentage in poverty for all low- and middle-income countries and by region, poverty line per capita household consumption less than $1.25 per day, 2005 U.S. dollars. Data are from Chen and Ravallion ( 2010 ) More
Journal Article
Demography (1970) 7 (2): 211–234.
Published: 01 May 1970
... force will require more capital just to keep its pro- ductivity from falling relative to the previous period. Presumably, the out- come of the higher rate of population growth relative to the smaller is a need for a larger amount of imported capital, Iowered rate of inorease of per capita consumption...