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Average Parity

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Published: 12 November 2020
Fig. 4 Predicted average parity among fathers and mothers by age at first marriage. Models control for race, Hispanic ethnicity, religiosity in 1979, family structure at age 14, number of siblings, mother’s education, completed education, number of desired children, and age at first birth. More
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Published: 27 April 2011
Fig. 1 Average parity of initial population by age and intended education (IE), using Austrian data from 1981 and 1984 More
Journal Article
Demography (1985) 22 (4): 611–623.
Published: 01 November 1985
... stable population. Equations that characterize nonstable populations apply to any cohort-like phenomenon with a measurable property that cumulates gains or losses through time. In particular, the equations fit the relation between a population’s average parity at a given age and age-specific fertility...
Journal Article
Demography (2020) 57 (6): 1975–2001.
Published: 12 November 2020
...Fig. 4 Predicted average parity among fathers and mothers by age at first marriage. Models control for race, Hispanic ethnicity, religiosity in 1979, family structure at age 14, number of siblings, mother’s education, completed education, number of desired children, and age at first birth. ...
Includes: Supplementary data
Image
Published: 12 November 2020
Fig. 6 Average predicted parity among fathers and mothers by highest degree and marital timing. Models control for race, Hispanic ethnicity, religiosity in 1979, family structure at age 14, number of siblings, mother’s education, completed education, number of desired children, and age at first More
Journal Article
Demography (1967) 4 (2): 626–640.
Published: 01 June 1967
... the parity averages in the sections of Bombay. Overcrowding (which is an indicator of the level of living) had the strongest influence and accounted alone for 44 percent of the variance. Knowledge of thereligious patternraised thepercentage to49, whileinclusionof theilliteracy measure added only...
Journal Article
Demography (2021) 58 (1): 321–344.
Published: 01 February 2021
...Ryohei Mogi; Jessica Nisén; Vladimir Canudas-Romo Abstract Increases in the average age at first birth and in the proportion of women remaining childless have extended the total number of years that women spend childless during their reproductive lifetime in several countries. To quantify the...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2020) 57 (4): 1571–1595.
Published: 17 July 2020
... and m as a way of formally characterizing fertility regimes and testing for the presence of parity-dependent birth control. M represents the average ratio of observed fertility relative to natural fertility at a given age, where natural fertility was initially represented by the Hutterite...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (1971) 8 (1): 27–36.
Published: 01 February 1971
... show that the number of children expected in the next five years is inversely related to parity. Because of the inverse relationship, the expectations of additional children tend to be inversely related to age at marriage of wife, number of years married, and similar temporal variables. The data show...
Journal Article
Demography (1965) 2 (1): 414–428.
Published: 01 March 1965
..., Dudley Kirk, Ansley .J. Coale, and Louise K. Kiser, The Future Population of Europe and the Soviet Union Princeton: Office of Population Research, and Geneva: League of Nations, 1944, pp. 28-36, 189-97. 428 DEMOGRAPHY average rates when grouped by period and grouped by cohort. A set of normal age-parity...
Journal Article
Demography (1989) 26 (3): 485–498.
Published: 01 August 1989
... the proportions who eventually terminate at specific numbers of children. Let M be the mean parity of a cohort of women and Pi the proportion of women at each parity i; thus M = 2: ipi' (1) This formula simply states that M is a weighted average of the integers i = 0, 1, 2, , with weights Pi (which...
Journal Article
Demography (1993) 30 (1): 81–102.
Published: 01 February 1993
... other hand, the age and parity schedules of fecundability in natural-fertility populations, who have on average more than 10 children per couple, may differ markedly from that of contemporary populations, whose total fertility rate is less than two. Also, estimates of fecundability based on historical...
Journal Article
Demography (1980) 17 (1): 1–11.
Published: 01 February 1980
...Ellen Shapiro Fried; Sandra Lynn Hofferth; J. Richard Udry Abstract This paper uses married couples’ anticipated consequences of having a (another) child to predict their reproductive intentions. Parity-specific models identify different variables as predictors of reproductive behavior at different...
Journal Article
Demography (2015) 52 (4): 1147–1166.
Published: 04 August 2015
... whom we observe a second birth and those that remain at parity 1. Life satisfaction three to five years before a first birth is high, at an average of 7.4 on a scale of 0–10. Life satisfaction increases in the year prior to and in the year of a first birth, and then decreases from the baseline level...
Journal Article
Demography (1984) 21 (3): 323–337.
Published: 01 August 1984
... mortality-spacing linkage varies across parities, being strongest in the middle parities, is examined using microdata from Malaysia and the Cox-regression technique. The empirical results lend support to the hypothesis. 12 1 2011 © Population Association of America 1984 1984 Live Birth...
Journal Article
Demography (1980) 17 (4): 365–378.
Published: 01 November 1980
... successful in avoid- ing additional unexpected children be- tween interviews four and five (Ps = E4) and had, on average, only .29 additional children in the 11 years between the last two interviews (Table 1). The mean age of the fourth parity women at this fourth in- terview (33 years) probably contributed...
Journal Article
Demography (1977) 14 (3): 297–310.
Published: 01 August 1977
... indirectly standardized rates could be calculated for other years and cohorts. Several steps were required to obtain these standard sets of estimated rates. First, the parity-specific rates re- ported by Dublin, McKinlay, and Yeru- shalmy were normalized and averaged to yield a set of parity-specific risk...
Journal Article
Demography (1979) 16 (3): 481–484.
Published: 01 August 1979
... J.L} = an "average" incremental ef- The model can then be reduced by meth- feet for parity j;j = 0, 1, , 5 ods directly analogous to those used in a = an incremental effect for vari- Koch et al. (1976).The methodology presented here allows able 1 and parity j; j = 0, 1, for a unified treatment of the...
Journal Article
Demography (1988) 25 (2): 163–188.
Published: 01 May 1988
...Paul A. David; Thomas A. Mroz; Warren C. Sanderson; Kenneth W. Wachter; David R. Weir Abstract Cohort parity analysis (CPA) is a method for indirect measurement of the extent and timing of the adoption of fertility control within marriage. It uses information on the parity distribution of a cohort...
Journal Article
Demography (1979) 16 (3): 377–388.
Published: 01 August 1979
...Gary H. McClelland Abstract The two methods commonly used to assess the effect of sex preferences on fertility are inadequate to the task. Parity progression ratio analyses suffer from logical problems stemming from the heterogeneity of sex preferences and the riskiness of fertility decisions...