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Aspiration Level

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Journal Article
Demography (2005) 42 (3): 559–574.
Published: 01 August 2005
... of individuals who are searching for marriage partners. Past models assumed fully rational agents with complete knowledge of the marriage market; our simulated agents used psychologically plausible simple heuristic mate search rules that adjust aspiration levels on the basis of a sequence of encounters...
Journal Article
Demography (1974) 11 (1): 89–103.
Published: 01 February 1974
... residents, Soviet policies of providing native-language cultural facilities to non-Russian groups, and the probable levels of contact between non-Russians and Russians in specific residential settings. The data are aggregate data on place of residence, nationality, and native language derived from the 1959...
Journal Article
Demography (2020) 57 (6): 2085–2111.
Published: 29 October 2020
... the household expenditure per capita by 18% and 11%, respectively, and both reductions are statistically significant at the 95% level. Having a younger brother also significantly reduces both measures of child-specific parental investment: it lowers parental educational aspirations for the firstborn child...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (1979) 16 (2): 157–175.
Published: 01 May 1979
... could influ- ence aspiration levels. It is also possible that part of the process of education could be the learning of greater consumption aspirations. With any given combination of re- sources and prices, the amount of obtain- able goods and services is determined. The mixture of the market bag...
Journal Article
Demography (2019) 56 (1): 75–102.
Published: 04 January 2019
... aspirations rather than other forms of aspirations. We suggest that aspirations can exist at very specific and very general levels. Specific aspirations might include such things as a coat, a dress, a computer, indoor plumbing, or a car. At a more general level, people might have broader aspirations...
Journal Article
Demography (1974) 11 (1): 57–73.
Published: 01 February 1974
... obvious vehicle to an improved status position. This notion is supported by the .167 path to career aspirations from the second dummy variable and a - .079 path from the first dummy variable. Only when status awareness reaches a level at which a commitment to change one's status is realized, will women...
Journal Article
Demography (2021) 58 (3): 1039–1064.
Published: 01 June 2021
..., attitudes, and aspirations); one that adds adjustments for their college characteristics (e.g., admission selectivity, sector, size, student-faculty ratio, and financial resources); and one that includes all individual- and college-level factors and interaction terms between student SES and campus social...
FIGURES
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2022) 59 (4): 1249–1274.
Published: 01 August 2022
... characteristics that facilitate or constrain migration aspirations and subsequently their realization. These characteristics include housing and labor market regulations and economic conditions at the macro level, household income and household structure at the household level, and educational attainment...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (1970) 7 (2): 175–183.
Published: 01 May 1970
... to be a funetion of both the migrant household's awareness space and set of aspirations with respect to a residence site. Char- acteristics of the former relate to the search effort for a place i household to identify (or find) a vacancy at pIace j. Characteristics of the aspiration set indi- eate the level...
Journal Article
Demography (1984) 21 (1): 97–108.
Published: 01 February 1984
... years and females aged 45-54 years, the indi- rect effect is significantly different from zero at at least the five percent level. For females aged 55-64 years it is significant- ly different at the ten percent level. Thus for younger males aged 25-44 years, changing relative cohort size affects sui...
Journal Article
Demography (1974) 11 (3): 509–520.
Published: 01 August 1974
... aspirations for son 2.lb 0.2 2.4b33 Occupational aspirations for daughter 2.8 0.2 2.9 34 Respondent's job aspirations S.6c 3.4c 3.4c a- Significant at .02 level. b- Significant at .01 level. c- Significant at .001 level. A measure of dissimilarity between groups is D2: the larger the value of D2, the greater...
Journal Article
Demography (1972) 9 (4): 705–707.
Published: 01 November 1972
.... 178) (a , while maximizing "the level of return or satisfaction which is likely to accrue to a place i household were it to relocate 705 to a vacancy in place j" (p. 178), both for the total migrant population. In op- erationalization the aspiration factor is measured by an index (d i j ) in which...
Journal Article
Demography (1987) 24 (2): 279–290.
Published: 01 May 1987
... be considered indicators of the costs of children, namely the amount of education women hope their sons and daughters will achieve. We expect that the women who desire higher levels will be more likely both to express numerical fertility desires and to prefer smaller families, because of the costs involved...
Journal Article
Demography (2023) 60 (4): 1031–1058.
Published: 01 August 2023
...-selection among immigrant parents—who often have high educational levels relative to their nonmigrant compatriots in their home country—is a key explanation for their children's high educational aspirations ( Engzell 2019 ; Feliciano 2020 ; Feliciano and Lanuza 2017 ; Ichou 2014 ). For example...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (1982) 19 (1): 65–78.
Published: 01 February 1982
... to other social reference groups. Empirical verification on the micro-level has been inconclusive. Thornton (1979) found expressed aspirations for material goods negatively related to children ever born and to planned additional childbear- ing. Another study (Freedman, 1963) showed husband's relative...
Journal Article
Demography (2016) 53 (5): 1283–1318.
Published: 13 September 2016
...-meeting opportunities, and the level of romantic involvement as ordinal variables. For consistency, we also treat the indexes of marital aspirations and partner-meeting opportunities as continuous variables when we include them in the event history models predicting the entry into first marriage. Our...
Journal Article
Demography (1974) 11 (4): 641–656.
Published: 01 November 1974
... of overall importance, as ranked in Table 6, they are ideal number of children, urban-rural residence, edu- cation of wife, wife's aspiration for daughter, index of economic level of respondent's home at time of survey, index of exposure to mass media, and residence before marriage. There is no clear cut-off...
Journal Article
Demography (2006) 43 (3): 511–536.
Published: 01 August 2006
... and third or higher generations lose ground. Differences in dropout rates by race-ethnicity and immigrant generation are driven by differences in human, cultural, and social capital. Low levels of family human capital, school social capital, and community social capital place the children of immigrants...
Journal Article
Demography (1975) 12 (2): 337–341.
Published: 01 May 1975
... is that, if both men have similar earnings but dif- ferent levels of economic responsibility, then their levels of living are likely to vary unless there is an additional source of income. The further inference is that, if these men share similar economic aspirations regarding life styles, then subj ective...
Journal Article
Demography (1981) 18 (4): 511–528.
Published: 01 November 1981
... persists among men and women, even when current farm employment is controlled. 7 1 2011 © Population Association of America 1981 1981 Female Respondent Parity Level Catholic Schooling Parity Progression Cumulative Fertility References Bouvier L. F. , & Rao S. L. N...