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Additional child tax credit

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Journal Article
Demography (1985) 22 (4): 499–513.
Published: 01 November 1985
... is higher among families in which the husband’s income, the wife’s wage, and the level of the wife’s labor supply are high; these households are likely to benefit the most from subsidies to the market forms of care that are small relative to the total cost of care (e.g. the present system of tax credits...
Journal Article
Demography (2019) 56 (4): 1303–1326.
Published: 17 June 2019
... . 10.1086/697477 . Berger L. M. , Font S. A. , Slack K. S. , & Waldfogel J. ( 2017 ). Income and child maltreatment in unmarried families: Evidence from the Earned Income Tax Credit . Review of Economics of the Household , 15 , 1345 – 1372 . 10.1007/s11150-016-9346-9...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2018) 55 (1): 189–221.
Published: 29 January 2018
... from the test, upward of 38 states have also eliminated liquid asset tests at some point over the past decade. 1 Simultaneous with the rollout of the TANF program, Congress passed the Taxpayer Relief Act of 1997 that introduced the Additional Child Tax Credit. Initially the credit was worth up...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2020) 57 (6): 2337–2360.
Published: 15 October 2020
... of the value of SNAP. Finally, we apply the LIS measure of disposable household income to incorporate tax liabilities, tax credits (EITC, Child Tax Credit (CTC), Additional Child Tax Credit (ACTC)); temporary benefits (stimulus credit, Make Work Pay tax credit); housing allowances; energy assistance (Low...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (1992) 29 (2): 215–226.
Published: 01 May 1992
... of these issues, full consideration of these additional tax policies is beyond the scope of this paper. Some models, however, include a simple measure of the potential child care credit to determine the robustness of the principal model to inclusion of other tax variables. 6 Because of the time required...
Journal Article
Demography (2022) 59 (5): 1873–1909.
Published: 01 October 2022
... ; Kandel et al. 2009 ). In addition, public spending on many programs is considerably higher for lower income families than for higher income families ( Vericker 2012 ), though the 2021 expansion of the Child Tax Credit represents a notable exception ( Marr et al. 2021 ). Social spending should...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2021) 58 (6): 2365–2394.
Published: 01 December 2021
... . National Tax Journal , 58 , 665 – 684 . Baughman R. A. , & Duchovny N. ( 2016 ). State Earned Income Tax Credits and the production of child health: Insurance coverage, utilization, and health status . National Tax Journal , 69 , 103 – 132 . Bitler M. P. , Gelbach J...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2023) 60 (4): 965–976.
Published: 01 August 2023
... of housing subsidies, the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC), and the refundable portion of the Child Tax Credit (CTC). 5 The confidence intervals for our estimates for non-Hispanic Black mothers are somewhat large, indicating that they may be less precise. 6 In addition to our main analyses...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2020) 57 (4): 1271–1296.
Published: 23 July 2020
... TAXSIM model to estimate the value of the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) and Child Tax Credit (CTC) (Feenberg and Coutts 1993 ). I include income from refundable tax credits in the February following the tax year, based on administrative data showing that more than half of EITC refunds are paid...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2023) 60 (6): 1791–1813.
Published: 01 December 2023
...% and 75%, respectively (authors' calculations from the ASEC of the CPS). The reforms imposed time limits and work requirements as conditions for the receipt of cash assistance alongside other substantial expansions of work supports (most notably, the Earned Income Tax Credit [EITC]), contributing...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2015) 52 (3): 729–749.
Published: 06 June 2015
... and early 1990s, resulting in expenditure growth of 274 % from 1988 to 1998 and taking it from a minor program in the country’s welfare system to one of the leading ones (and the largest one among those shown in Fig.  3 ). Another tax credit, the Child Tax Credit (CTC), was passed by Congress and signed...
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Journal Article
Demography (2022) 59 (4): 1377–1402.
Published: 01 August 2022
... ). For all families, the progressive nature of the tax system provides some compensation for changes in income and family needs. For those with low to middle incomes, means-tested financial assistance is delivered through the EITC and Child Tax Credit (CTC); for those with low incomes, cash assistance...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2023) 60 (1): 41–72.
Published: 01 February 2023
... ), and the networks on which unpartnered mothers rely are also fragile, introducing another layer of uncertainty and strain ( Harvey 2022 ). A recent policy change aimed at alleviating the impacts of the COVID-19 crisis offered a promising reprieve: the temporary child tax credits paid out during the pandemic kept...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (2020) 57 (5): 1833–1851.
Published: 24 August 2020
... is an increasingly antiquated measure of household resources, especially near the bottom of the income distribution (Blank and Greenberg, 2008 ; Fox et al. 2015 ; Iceland 2013 ; National Research Council 1995 ; Wimer et al. 2016 ). Instead, refundable credits (such as the EITC and Child Tax Credit (CTC...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (1991) 28 (3): 333–351.
Published: 01 August 1991
... composition occurred. In addition, between 1982 and 1986 changes were made in child care policy (e.g., the tax credit for child and dependent care was expanded) and economic conditions changed in general. To sort out the causes of the observed trends, we specified the following reduced-form model of family...
Journal Article
Demography (1989) 26 (2): 287–299.
Published: 01 May 1989
... percent level. equation in which the average child-care tax credit for families of different income classes is regressed on adjusted gross income. This equation is then used to predict a potential child- care subsidy amount for each family in the EOPP sample. 16 To avoid possible simultaneity bias, we use...
Journal Article
Demography (1996) 33 (1): 82–97.
Published: 01 February 1996
... residential and financial independence. We find that the child’s wage opportunities and the parents’ income are important determinants of establishing independence. The effect of parental income changes with the child’s age. We also find some evidence that federal tax policy influences the decision to become...
Journal Article
Demography (1998) 35 (1): 83–96.
Published: 01 February 1998
... Population Association of America 1998 1998 Child Care Transition Rate Current Population Survey Supply Shock Unpaid Care References Averett , S. , Peters , H.E. , & Waldman , D. ( 1997 ). Tax Credits, Labor Supply, and Child Care. . Review of Economics and Statistics...
Journal Article
Demography (2016) 53 (4): 1207–1218.
Published: 28 June 2016
... with and without taxes and government transfers. “Taxes” include taxes that reduce income (payroll taxes, federal and state income taxes) as well as tax programs that increase income (such as the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) and other tax credits). Government transfers include food and nutrition programs (SNAP...
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Journal Article
Demography (2015) 52 (2): 401–432.
Published: 07 March 2015
... supply in response to a divorce. Some government transfer programs, such as cash welfare (AFDC/TANF), have become less-generous safety nets; others, such as food stamps (SNAP) and the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC), have expanded. Child support enforcement regulations have strengthened, and private...
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