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Absolute Change

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Published: 08 May 2017
Fig. 3 Annual absolute change in poverty by gender of head. Based on headcount indices of poverty measured using household consumption per capita as given in Table 5 and computed from household consumption surveys for countries and time spells listed in Table 5 . The continuous line More
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Published: 01 April 2023
Fig. 1 Absolute population change for White and non-White residents and entropy scores, 1980–2010. The plot on the left shows changes over time in population composition and entropy in tracts classified as experiencing White population persistence. The plots on the right show the same trend lines More
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Published: 12 November 2018
Fig. 3 Absolute and relative yearly changes in life expectancy and lifespan disparity, 1960–2010. Data for Slovenia begin in 1983. The black dots are related to changes experienced in Russia. The percentages correspond to the total changes occurred during each period. Source: Own calculations More
Journal Article
Demography (2004) 41 (4): 773–800.
Published: 01 November 2004
... similar, are less striking. Models of absolute change demonstrate that among low-weight births, absolute declines in mortality were greater for white infants than for black infants. 14 1 2011 © Population Association of America 2004 2004 Infant Mortality Prenatal Care Infant Death...
Journal Article
Demography (1979) 16 (1): 55–71.
Published: 01 February 1979
...Robert D. Mare Abstract This paper examines the impact of intercohort changes in social background composition on changes in grade progression rates at selected schooling levels. It presents formal arguments that the relative and absolute effects of background composition on grade progression rates...
Journal Article
Demography (2003) 40 (3): 499–519.
Published: 01 August 2003
... in poverty from 1950 to the early 1970s in the United States, progress stalled. This article examines the association between trends in poverty and income growth, eco- nomic inequality, and changes in family structure using three measures of poverty: an absolute mea- sure, a relative measure, and a quasi...
Journal Article
Demography (2016) 53 (4): 1207–1218.
Published: 28 June 2016
... is estimated each year using a quasi-relative poverty threshold that varies over time with changes in families’ expenditures on a core basket of goods and services, this study explores trends in poverty using an absolute, or anchored, SPM threshold. We believe the anchored measure offers two advantages. First...
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Journal Article
Demography (1985) 22 (4): 581–602.
Published: 01 November 1985
... absolute and proportional terms, consistent with the displacement hypothesis, and b) experienced substantial though difficult to interpret shifts in segregation. The types of racial changes occurring in the core are not apparent elsewhere in Washington, and tract data for 1940–1980 show the core changes...
Journal Article
Demography (1985) 22 (3): 395–414.
Published: 01 August 1985
...Clifford C. Clogg; James W. Shockey Abstract The effect of changing age-sex composition on trends in unemployment and underemployment from 1969 to 1980 is estimated. This effect is positive as anticipated, but negligible in both absolute and relative terms. For example, no more than .35 percent...
Journal Article
Demography (2004) 41 (4): 649–670.
Published: 01 November 2004
... estimates from the preceding calendar year. Our contribution is to investigate whether absolute and relative changes in immigrant child poverty can be linked to changes in the characteristics of immigrant families living in the United States or to various changes in the context of reception, as indicated...
Journal Article
Demography (2018) 55 (3): 1009–1032.
Published: 07 May 2018
... wealth position (and declining absolute levels of wealth) among child households cannot be attributed to increasing racial/ethnic diversity or increasing shares of single-parent households among families with children. We also applied an Oaxaca-Blinder decomposition model to changes in the average...
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Journal Article
Demography (1995) 32 (2): 249–260.
Published: 01 May 1995
...Pedro M. Hernandez; Andrea H. Beller; John W. Graham Abstract We examine changes over the 1980s in the effect of child support payments on the educational attainment of children age 16 to 19 in the United States, and why child support has a stronger impact than other sources of income. We use 1979...
Journal Article
Demography (2023) 60 (6): 1665–1673.
Published: 01 December 2023
... child poverty rate in historical and international perspective. We demonstrate that whether using the Supplemental Poverty Measure (SPM), relative poverty measures, or an absolute poverty measure, the U.S. child poverty rate in 2021 was at its lowest level since at least 1967. The U.S. tax and transfer...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (1969) 6 (4): 455–471.
Published: 01 November 1969
... civilian labor force engaged in non-primary industry. X2. Absolute change in non-primary industry employment, 1950-1960. X3. Absolute change in military employment, 1950-1960. X4. Size of largest city or town, 1950. II. White Traditionalism X5. Percentage Dixiecrat vote, 1948. X6. Presence of white...
Journal Article
Demography (1983) 20 (3): 407–413.
Published: 01 August 1983
... electric custom- ers, one using absolute changes in cus- tomers (SZ-REC) and the other using a ratio of households to customers (FLA- REC). We also compare three tech- niques for estimating PPH. One is the PPH existing at the most recent census (SZ-CENSUS); one is a linear extrapola- tion of the trend...
Journal Article
Demography (1974) 11 (1): 119–130.
Published: 01 February 1974
... the demographic response to mortality change has been approached in two ways. First, Coale (1956a, 1972) and Stolnitz (1956) ex- amine a type of mortality decline that has been typical of recorded human ex- perience. This pattern displays larger absolute decline in age-specific death rates during early childhood...
Journal Article
Demography (2020) 57 (1): 123–145.
Published: 27 January 2020
... among Black students is that the absolute changes in crime rates in predominantly Black districts are larger than the absolute changes in predominantly White districts. In such scenario, a 10% drop in the violent crime rate means comparing a very different absolute change when estimating results by race...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
Demography (1984) 21 (1): 83–96.
Published: 01 February 1984
... be the oldest age with relj- able information; otherwise actual changes of mortality at older ages will not be included. However, while the absolute change of temporary life expec- tancies will give the increase or decrease Measuring and Explaining Change in Life Expectancies 85 of years of life between two...
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Published: 03 January 2019
–1998): * p < .05; ** p < .01; *** p < .001. The A, B, C, and D grades indicate how absolute mortality risk changed between the periods. States with an A had declining mortality for all education levels; B states had declining mortality for adults with at least a high school credential More
Journal Article
Demography (1991) 28 (1): 83–99.
Published: 01 February 1991
... in contraceptive use were strongly pronounced. Residents of Contraceptive Use in Kenya 91 Table 3. Percentages of Currently Married, Fecund, and Nonpregnant women by Selected Background Characteristics, Kenya, 1977/78 and 1989. Proportion Absolute Relative Sample Size 1977/78 1989 Change Change 1977/78 1989(3) (4...