Abstract

In Canada, unlike many other countries, birth-residence data by age and sex are available in each of the decennial censuses from 1931 to 1961 which permit the estimation of intercensal net migration for the provinces and regions. After a brief discussion of the basic measures of migration from birth-residence data the paper focusses on the problems and procedures in estimating interprovincial net migration, 1951–1961 for Canada using “the place of birth survival ratio method, ” and it evaluates the estimates thus obtained. The evaluation of the estimates, taking into consideration the inherent limitations of the method and its merits compared with period migration estimates by the census survival ratio method and life table survival ratio method, suggests that the net migration estimates for the Canadian born by the place of birth survival ratio method are probably more reliable than those by the other two methods. One striking finding was that the net migration curves by age obtained from the census survival ratio and place of birth survival ratio estimates were smoother than the curve obtained with the use of the more accurate life table survival ratios. Furthermore, whatever the relative accuracy of net migration may be, the birth-residence approach is capable of furnishing more details about the net migration of the native born than by the standard survival-ratio methods. For the population under age 10 intercensal estimates were directly derived from the place of birth and residence distributions by age.

The text of this article is only available as a PDF.

References

Burch, Thomas K. 1962. Internal Migration in Venezuela. Unpublished Ph. D. dissertation, Princeton University. Canada, Dominion Bureau of Statistics. 1968. Vital Statistics, 1966. Ottawa: Queen’s Printer.
Eldridge, Hope T. (
1965
).
Net Intercensal Migration for States and Geographic Divisions of the United States, 1950–60: Methodological and Substantive Aspects
.
Philadelphia
:
Population Studies Center, University of Pennsylvania
.
Eldridge, Hope T. (
1965
).
Primary, secondary, and return migration in the United States
.
Demography
,
2
,
444
455
10.2307/2060130.
Eldridge, Hope T., & Kim, Yun (
1968
).
The Estimation of Intercensal Migration from Birth Residence Statistics: A Study of Data for the United States, 1950–1960
.
Philadelphia
:
Population Studies Center, University of Pennsylvania
.
Elizaga, Juan C. (
1965
).
Assessment of migration data in Latin America
.
Milbank Memorial Fund Quarterly
,
43
,
76
106
10.2307/3348958.
George, M. V. (
1965
).
Internal Migration in Assam and Bengal, 1901–1961
.
Canberra
:
Department of Demography, The Australian National University
.
George, M. V. (
1970
).
Internal Migration in Canada: Demographic Analyses. 1961 Census Monograph, Dominion Bureau of Statistics
.
Ottawa
:
Queen’s Printer
.
Hamilton, C. Horace, & Henderson, F. M. (
1944
).
Use of the survival rate method in measuring net migration
.
Journal of the American Statistical Association
,
39
,
197
206
10.2307/2279949.
Hamilton, C. Horace (
1966
).
Effect of census errors on the measurement of net migration
.
Demography
,
3
,
393
415
10.2307/2060166.
Kasahara, Y. (
1963
).
The flow of migration among the provinces in Canada, 1951–1961
. In W. C. Hood, & J. A. Sawyer (Eds.),
CPSA Conference on Statistics, 1961 Papers
.
Toronto
:
University of Toronto Press
.
Keyfitz, Nathan (
1950
).
The growth of Canadian population
.
Population Studies
,
4
,
47
63
10.2307/2172240.
Lee, Everett S. et al (
1957
).
Population Redistribution and Economic Growth, United States, 1870–1950
.
Philadelphia
:
The American Philosophical Society
.
Price, Daniel O. (
1955
).
Examination of two sources of error in the estimation of net internal migration
.
Journal of the American Statistical Association
,
50
,
689
700
10.2307/2281160.
Shryock, H. S. (
1964
).
Population Mobility Within the United States
.
Chicago
:
Community and Family Study Center, University of Chicago
.
Sivamurthy, M. (
1969
).
Errors in the estimation of net migration rate in the studies of internal migration
.
Journal of the American Statistical Association
,
64
,
1434
1438
10.2307/2286080.
Zachariah, K. C. (
1962
).
A note on the census survival ratio method of estimating net migration
.
Journal of the American Statistical Association
,
57
,
175
183
10.2307/2282447.
Zachariah, K. C. (
1964
).
A Historical Study of Internal Migration in the Indian Sub-Continent, 1901–1931
.
Bombay
:
Asia Publishing House
.