Resumen

Este trabajo se ha convertido en un obligado punto de referencia en el campo de estudios de población.Population Redistribution and Economic Growth supera ampliamente en alcance y profundidad todas las anteriores publicaciones sobre el patron de migraciones diferenciales interestatales y sus correlatos económicoes. Este analisisde los correlatos económicos de las oecilaciones temporales en las migraciones internas de EEUU (usande estados como unidades georgraficas) no tiene precedentes, asi como los esfuerzos realizados por los autores para desarrollar series históricas para cada estado de una variedad de series demográficas y economicas. El. desarrollo de las series sobre migración, particularmente, es acompañado por una excelente síntesis y extensión de las ideas metodológicas existentes referentes a las propiedades de estimadores netos de migración, A la luz de la variedad de sus series históricas (por estados), de la exposicion sistemàtica de los principales patrones tanto temporales como espaciales demostrados por las series, y de la exploración de algunos de los sistemas de relaciones entre las series, laPopulation Redistribution and Economic Growth puede ser considerada como una sólida base para posteriores análisis de la migracion. como un componente de las variaciones interregionales en estructura economicay cambió. La influencia de este trabajo ee evidente en una variedad de sucesivos estudios de diferencias regionales en migraci⤵.

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Summary

This work has become a prominentlandmark in thefield of population studies. By a wide margin,Population Redistribution and Economic Growth exceeds in scope and depth any previous publication on the pattern of inter-state migration differentials and their economic correlates. Its work on the economic correlates of temporal swings in United States internal migration (using states as the areal units) seems unprecedented, as are the efforts which its various authors have expended in the development of historical series for a variety of demographic and economic indicators at the state level. The development of the migration series in particular is accompanied by a major synthesis and extension of the then existing methodological ideas concerning the properties of net migration estimators. In the light of the variety of its historical series (for states), of its systematic exposition on the principal spatial and temporal patterns shown by the series, and of its explorations of some of the networksof association among the series, Population Redistribution and Economic Growth may be viewed as having laid a major foundation for further intensive analysis of migration as a component of the inter-regional variation in economic structure and change. The influence of this work is evident in a variety of subsequent studies on regional differences in migration.

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References

1
The three volumes are Everett S. Leeet al., Population Redistribution and Economic Growth, United States, 1870–1950, Vol. I:Methodological Considerations and References Tables (1957); Simon Kuznets, Ann Ratner Miller, and Richard A. Easterlin,Population Redistribution and Economic Growth, United States, 1870–1950, Vol. II:Analyses of Economic Growth (1960); and Hope T. Eldridge and Dorothy Swaine Thomas,Population Redistribution and Economic Growth, United States, 1870–1950, Vol. III:Demographic Analyses and Interrelations (1964). All are published by the American Philosophical Society, Phila-delphia, Pennsylvania. In this discussion, these works will be cited simply as “Population Redistribution and Economic Growth.”
3
Goodrich, Carter (
1934
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Internal Migration in the United States
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v
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4
Goodrich, Carter (
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5
Hart, Hornell (
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Selective Migration as a Factor in Child Welfare in the United States
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6
Hart, Hornell (
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Selective Migration as a Factor in Child Welfare in the United States
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7
Goodrich, Carter (
1934
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Internal Migration in the United States
(pp.
v
v
).
Philadelphia
:
University of Pennsylvania Press
.
8
Hutchinson, E. P. (
1938
).
The Use of Routine Census and Vital Statistics Data for the Determination of Migration by Age and Sex in the Absence of Continuous Registration of Migrants,” Appendix C.2 in Dorothy Swaine Thomas
Research Memorandum on Migration Differentials
(pp.
368
400
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:
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.
9
Hutchinson, E. P. (
1938
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The Use of Routine Census and Vital Statistics Data for the Determination of Migration by Age and Sex in the Absence of Continuous Registration of Migrants,” Appendix C.2 in Dorothy Swaine Thomas
Research Memorandum on Migration Differentials
(pp.
368
400
).
New York
:
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.
10
Hutchinson, E. P. (
1938
).
The Use of Routine Census and Vital Statistics Data for the Determination of Migration by Age and Sex in the Absence of Continuous Registration of Migrants,” Appendix C.2 in Dorothy Swaine Thomas
Research Memorandum on Migration Differentials
(pp.
368
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New York
:
Social Science Research Council Bulletin
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11
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17
Thomas, Dorothy Swaine (
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Thomas, Brinley (
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20
Simon Kuznets and Dorothy Swaine Thomas, “Introduction,” in Leeet al., op. cit., Everett S. Leeet al., Population Redistribution and Economic Growth, United States, 1870–1950, Vol. I:Methodological Considerations and References Tables (1957) p. 2.
21
Ibid. Everett S. Leeet al., Population Redistribution and Economic Growth, United States, 1870–1950, Vol. I:Methodological Considerations and References Tables (1957)
22
Kuznets, Simon (
1964
).
Introduction: Population Redistribution, Migration, and Economic Growth
. In Hope T., Eldridge, & Dorothy Swaine, Thomas (Eds.),
Population Redistribution and Economic Growth, United States, 1870–1950, Vol. III:Demographic Analyses and Interrelations
.
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
:
All are published by the American Philosophical Society
.
23
Kuznets, Simon (
1964
).
Introduction: Population Redistribution, Migration, and Economic Growth
. In Hope T., Eldridge, & Dorothy Swaine, Thomas (Eds.),
Population Redistribution and Economic Growth, United States, 1870–1950, Vol. III:Demographic Analyses and Interrelations
(pp.
3
3
).
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
:
All are published by the American Philosophical Society
.
24
Kuznets, Simon (
1964
).
Introduction: Population Redistribution, Migration, and Economic Growth
. In Hope T., Eldridge, & Dorothy Swaine, Thomas (Eds.),
Population Redistribution and Economic Growth, United States, 1870–1950, Vol. III:Demographic Analyses and Interrelations
(pp.
xxx
xxxiii
).
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
:
All are published by the American Philosophical Society
.
25
Allen C. Kelley, “Demographic Change and Economic Growth, Australia, 1861–1911” (unpublished manuscript [prepared at Department of Economics, University of Wisconsin, 1966]); and Richard A. Easterlin, “Regional Growth of Income: Long Term Tendencies, 1880–1950,” in Kuznets, Miller and Easterlin,op. cit., pp. 169–72.
26
Everett S. Lee, “Migration Estimates,” in Leeet al., op. cit., Everett S. Leeet al., Population Redistribution and Economic Growth, United States, 1870–1950, Vol. I:Methodological Considerations and References Tables (1957) p, 99.
27
Eldridge, Hope T. (
1965
).
Net Tniercensal Migration for States and Geographic Division of the United States, 1950–1960, Analytical and Technical ReportNo. 5
.
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:
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.
28
Lee, Everett S., & Lee, Anne S. (
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29
Ann Ratner Miller and Carol P. Brainerd, “Labour Force Estimates,” in Everett S. Leeet al., op. cit., Everett S. Leeet al., Population Redistribution and Economic Growth, United States, 1870–1950, Vol. I:Methodological Considerations and References Tables (1957) pp. 363–631.
30
Richard A. Easterlin, “Estimates of Manufacturing Activity” and “State Income Estimates,” in Everett S. Lee,et al., op. cit., Everett S. Leeet al., Population Redistribution and Economic Growth, United States, 1870–1950, Vol. I:Methodological Considerations and References Tables (1957) pp. 635–751.
31
Ann Ratner Miller, “Labour Force Trends and Differentials,” in Kuznets, Miller, and Easterlin,op. cit., “Estimates of Manufacturing Activity” and “State Income Estimates,” inet al., op. cit., Everett S. Leeet al., Population Redistribution and Economic Growth, United States, 1870–1950, Vol. I:Methodological Considerations and References Tables (1957) pp. 1–101.
32
Richard A. Easterlin, “Redistribution of Manufacturing,” and “Regional Growth of Income” in Kuznets, Miller, and Easterlin,op. cit., “Estimates of Manufacturing Activity” and “State Income Estimates,” inet al., op. cit., Everett S. Leeet al., Population Redistribution and Economic Growth, United States, 1870–1950, Vol. I:Methodological Considerations and References Tables (1957) pp. 103–202.
33
Ibid., Richard A. Easterlin, “Redistribution of Manufacturing,” and “Regional Growth of Income” in Kuznets, Miller, and Easterlin,op. cit., “Estimates of Manufacturing Activity” and “State Income Estimates,” inet al., op. cit., Everett S. Leeet al., Population Redistribution and Economic Growth, United States, 1870–1950, Vol. I:Methodological Considerations and References Tables (1957) p. 145.
34
Ibid., Richard A. Easterlin, “Redistribution of Manufacturing,” and “Regional Growth of Income” in Kuznets, Miller, and Easterlin,op. cit., “Estimates of Manufacturing Activity” and “State Income Estimates,” inet al., op. cit., Everett S. Leeet al., Population Redistribution and Economic Growth, United States, 1870–1950, Vol. I:Methodological Considerations and References Tables (1957) p. 82.
35
Eldridge, Hope T. (
1965
).
Net Tniercensal Migration for States and Geographic Division of the United States, 1950–1960, Analytical and Technical ReportNo. 5
(pp.
1
318
).
Philadelphia
:
Population Studies Center, University of Pennsylvania
.
36
Eldridge, Hope T. (
1965
).
Net Tniercensal Migration for States and Geographic Division of the United States, 1950–1960, Analytical and Technical ReportNo. 5
(pp.
319
68
).
Philadelphia
:
Population Studies Center, University of Pennsylvania
.
37
Cf. Ira S. Lowry,Migration and Metropolitan Growth: Two Analytical Models (Los Angeles: University of California, 1966); Andrei Rogers, “A Regression Analysis of Interregional Migration in California,”The Review of Economics and Statistics, XLIX (May, 1967), 262–267; James D. Tarver and William L. Gurley, “The Relationship of Selected Variables with County Net Migration Rates in the United States, 1950 to 1960,”Rural Sociology, XXX (March, 1965), 3–17; Leroy O. Stone,Migration in Canada: Some Regional Aspects, A 1961 Census Monograph (Ottawa: Queen's Printer, 1968 [forthcoming]); Ann Ratner Miller, “The Migration of Employed Persons to and from Metropolitan Areas of the United States,”Journal of the American Statistical Association, LXII (December, 1967), 1418–32; and Shigemi Kono and Mitsuru Shio,InterPrefectural Migration in Japan, 1956 and 1961 (London: Asia Publishing House, 1965). Further work by Dorothy Swaine Thomas is in progress, as is indicated by a paper she gave at the 1967 meetings of the Population Association of America in Cincinnati. These are just a few examples of the relevant analytical research which has taken place.
38
Eldridge, Hope T., & Kim, Uun (
1968
).
The Estimation of lntercensal Migration from BirthResidence Statistics: A Study of Data for the United States, 1950 and 1960, Analytical and Technical Reports No.7
.
Philadelphia
:
Population Studies Center, University of Pennsylvania
.
39
Eldridge, Hope T. (
1965
).
Net Tniercensal Migration for States and Geographic Division of the United States, 1950–1960, Analytical and Technical ReportNo. 5
.
Philadelphia
:
Population Studies Center, University of Pennsylvania
.
40
Isaac, J. (
1947
).
Economics of Migration
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
.
41
Bogue, Donald J., Shryock, Henry S., & Heermann, Siegfried A. (
1957
).
Subregional Migration in the United States, 1935–1940, Vol. I: Streams of Migration
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Oxford, Ohio
:
Scripps Foundation, Miami University
.
42
Shryock, Henry S. (
1964
).
Population Mobility within the United States
.
Chicago
:
University of Chicago
.
43
Lansing, John, & Mueller, Eva (
1967
).
The Geographic Mobility of Labour
.
Ann Arbor
:
Survey Research Center, The University of Michigan
.