Resumen

Este estudio presenta series reguladas de datos sobre años de escuela completados por mujeres y hombres de mas de 25 años de edad en los Estados Unidos deede 1910 a 1960. Estos datos han sido producidos utilizando un conjunto de tabulaciones no publicadas del Censo de 1950 Post Enumeracion Survey (PES) el cual incluye datos de años de escuela completados por edad y sexo, como fueron informados en el PES por la PES muestra y tabulaciones separadas de años de escuela completados por edad y sexo por la PES muestra tal como fueron declarados en el Censo de 1950. Los datos del censo de 1950, luego de ser ajustados, son proyectados para 1960 y retrospectivamente para 1910 por medio del seguimiento de cohortes de edadee. Una correccion del incremento de el nivel educacional en las edades mas jovenes completa el procedimiento. Tendencias y diferencias por sexo en logro educacional son mostradas, y los datos ajustados son comparados con los datos censales de 1940, 1950, y 1960. Consistentemente se ha encontrado que en los censos hay informacion erronea en el sentido de exagerar el nivel de educacion. Las implicaciones de estoe hallazgos para la recopilacion y uso de datos sobre nivel de educacion son discutidos en esie artículo.

Summary

This study provides an adjusted series of data on years of school completed by age for men and women aged 25 years and over in the United States during 1910to 1960. These data are produced by using a set of unpublished tabulations from the 1950 Census Post-Enumeration Survey (PES), which included figures on years of school completed by age and sex as reported in the PES by the PES sample and separate tabulations of years of school completed by age and sex as reported in the 1950 Census by the PES sample.

The 1950 Census data, after being adjusted, are projected to 1960 and retrojected to 1910 by tracing age cohorts. A correction is made for increased educational attainment at the youngest ages. Trends and sex differentials in educational attainment are shown and the adjusted data are compared to 1940, 1950 and 1960 census data. Consistent overreporting of educational attainment in the census is found, but the extent of overreporting varies by date and educational level. The implications of these findings for the collection and use of data on educational attainment are discussed.

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