Resumen

Los estudios de asimilación étnica se basan frecuentemente en la comparación del status entre lo s nacidos en el extranjero y sus descendientes, “la segunda qeneración:” En este procedimiento está implícita la suposición de que la immigración reciente ha sido insignificante y que los nacidos en el extranjero representan una población cerrada. Sinembargo, un análisis de las estadisticas oficiales indica que los inmigrantes que llegaron desde la Segunda Guerra Mundial constituyen ahora una parte apreciable de la poblacion nacida en el extranjero, mientras que los nacidos fuera del pais que llegaron antes de que se establecieran cuotas de resiricción, están siendo rapidamenie diezmados por la mortalidad.

Los últimos inmigrantes, de acuerdo a la iniención de la ley que fija cuotas, son de un status socioeconómico mucho más elevado que los inmigrantes que llegaron antes de la Primera Guerra Mundial. Por lo tanto, en los datos sobre la población nacida fuera del país, se confunden las características de los últimos inmigrantes con las de los que llegaron primero. Los datos existentes no permiten un enjuiciamiento riguroso de esta confusión, o un adecuado control de la misma. Este trabajo sugiere que las tabulaciones para los nacidos fuera del pais por “año de llegada,” mejorarían la utilidad sociolóqica de los datos para grupos étnicos.

Summary

Studies of ethnic assimilation are frequently based upon status comparisons between the foreign born and their “children,” the second generation. The assumption that recent immigration has been negligible and that the foreign born represent a closed population is implicit in that procedure. However, analysis of official statistics indicates that immigrants who arrived since World War II now comprise a substantial share of the foreign-born population, while the foreign born who arrived before quota restrictions are rapidly being depleted by mortality. Recent immigrants, as intended by quota legislation, are of much higher socioeconomic status than immigrants who arrived before World War 1. Hence, characteristics of both recent immigrants and earlier arrivals are confounded in data for the foreign-born population. Existing data do not permit rigorous assessment of this confusion or adequate control for it. This paper suggests that tabulations of the foreign born by “year of arrival” would improve the sociological utility of data for ethnic groups.

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