Resumen

En Nairobi se entrevistó a 352 africanos, adultos, casados, de los cuales 152 eran hombres y 200 mujeres. Se trató de averiguar sus actitudes hacia el tamaño de la familia y el planeamiento familiar. Las respondentes tenían, como promedio, ligeramente menos de tres hijos al momento de la entrevista, y deseaban agregar algo más de tres hijos a este total. Habia poca diferencia en cuanto al tamaño de la familia deseada, de acuerdo al sexo.

Cera de la mitad de los hombres y mujeres, tenian algún conocimiento sobre meiodos de planeamiento familiar, y habia un irterés general, (65 porciento de los hombres y 90 porciento de las mujeres), por aprender más. A demás, dos de cada tres hombres y nueve de cada diez mujeres, aprobaban el planeamiento familiar, y mayorias aún más grandes de ambos sexos estaban dispuestas a aceptar que el gobierno de Kenya proporcionara tales servicios.

Sinembargo, a pesar de su aprobación, sólo 13 por ciento de los hombres, y 2 porcienio de las mujeres, habian practicado alguna vez el planeamiento familiar. Estos hallazgos son comparables, en general, con los encontrados en otros poises en desarrollo y sugieren que el conocimienio, interés, y la aprobación, preceden generalmente al uso.

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Summary

In Nairobi, 352 married African adults, 152 men and 200 women, were interviewed on their attitudes toward family size and family planning. The respondents had, on the average, slightly less than three children at the time of interview and hoped to add slightly more than three children to this total. There was little difference in desired family size by sex.

About one-half of both men and women had some knowledge of family planning methods, and there was a general interest (75 percent of the men and 90 percent of the women) in learning more. In addition, two out of every three men, and nine out of every ten women, approved of family planning, and even greater majorities of both sexes were willing to have the government of Kenya provide such services.

In spite of their approval, however, only 13 percent of the men, and 2 percent of the women, had ever practiced family planning. These findings are broadly comparable to those found in other emerging nations and suggest that knowledge, interest, and approval generally precede use.

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References

2
The Population Council, Report to the … Republic of Kenya on Population Growth and Family Planning in Kenya (New York: 1965), p.50.
3
Ibid., The Population Council, Report to the … Republic of Kenya on Population Growth and Family Planning in Kenya (New York: 1965), p. 54.
5
Ministry of Finance and Economic Planning, Kenya Population Census, 1962: Advance Report of Volumes I & II (Nairobi: 1964).
6
United Nations, United Nations Mission to Kenya an Housing (Nairobi: 1965), p. 70.
7
Ibid., United Nations, United Nations Mission to Kenya an Housing (Nairobi: 1965) p. 71.
8
Ibid. United Nations, United Nations Mission to Kenya an Housing (Nairobi: 1965) p. 71.
14
J. G. C. Blacker, “Population Growth in Kenya,” Inter-African Labour Institute Bulletin, XI, 2, 246–55.