Resumen

Durante los dos últimos anos el Centro Nocionol de Investigación Cientijica Ilevó a cabo una encuesta entre 550 familias de areas urbanas de Francia para estudiar la inieraccióti entre los conyages. La encuesta se realizó conla asistencia del Centro Nacional de Ituestiqación Cientifíca de Francia y el Servicio de Salud Pública de los Estados Unidos. La información obtenida destaca la importancia de la interacción conyugal en el exitode la planificacion de la familia.

El problema en discusion es el siguiente: Hastaquepunto las variables eocio-ecónomicas (salario del esposo, nivel de educación, ocupación, etc.), estan más estrechamente relacionadas con el éxitode la planijicación familiar de la pareja, quelas variables de interacción positiva (acuerdo y comunicación entre los esposos, igualdad de poder en el proceso de tomar decisiones, etc.)?

El estudio realizado en Indianapolis no ha respondido a esta pregunta; en tanto que la investigación sobre planijicación de la familia en Puerto Rico ha demonstrado queel grado de libertad de la esposa y la comunicación entre losconyuges tenían una relación más estrecha con el éxcito de la planijicación de la familia, que el nivel de ingreso del eposo o su educacion, Se podría pensar que esie resuliado estaligado a la muestrade PuertoRico en la cuallos niveles deingreso y educación fueron generalmente bajos.

El estudio heche en Francia, aplicado a una muestra estratificada de acuerdo al nivel scioeconómico delesposo, seiiala queestaultima hipótesis no es valida: al iqual queen la investigación de Puerto Rico, los fadores de interacción positiva de la pareja (acuerdo y comunicación entre los espoeos, igualdad de poder en la toma de decisiones, etc.) estan más íntimamente asociados con el éxito de la planificación familiar o conla terminacioti de una fecundidad excesiva, que las variables socio-económicas. Estos resultados demuestran tambien la importancia de la educacion de la pareja como un factor determinante en el buen éxito de un programa de planificación de la familia.

Summary

During the last two years, a survey about interaction in the couple has been conducted among 550 urban families in France by the National Center for Scientific Research, with the assistance of the United States Public Health Service. The data given here are relative to the importance of the couple’s interaction in the realization of family planning goals.

These data are used to answer the question, are socioeconomic variables (husband’s level of education, occupation, and income, for example) more closely correlated with the success of the couple’s family planning than are the variables of positive interaction (agreement, communication, and equality in decision-making, for example)?

While the Indianapolis study has not answered this question, the Puerto Rican study has shown that freedom of the wife and communication between spouses were more closely connected with the success of family planning than were the husband’s level of education or income. But, one might think that this result was linked to the Puerto Rican sample, in which the levels of income and education were generally low.

The French survey, undertaken with a random sample stratified according to the socioeconomic level of the husband, shows that this last hypothesis is not true. Just as in the Puerto Rican study, the factors of positive interaction in the couple are more closely associated with the success of family planning—particularly with the eradication of excessive fertility—than with socioeconomic variables. These results show the importance of the couple’s education as a determining factor in a successful family planning program.

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