Resumen

Este trabajo evalúa un proyecto piloto de planeamiento familiar, conducido por la Academia de Desarrollo Rural de Pakistán, en Comilla, Pakistán Este. La evaluación estd baeada en un análisis de la magnituden que,la adopción de contraceptivos convencionales, (condón y tabletas efervescentes), ha reducido la fecundidad en determinadas villas del precinto Comilla-Kotwali, durante los años 1962–66.

El estudio serealizó comparando tasas de embarazo para adoptantes y no adoptantes, yanalizando las tendencies en la reducción de embarazos que resultaron de la adopción. Los hallazgos indican que, (1) aunque la tasa de embarazos para los adoptantes ha aumentado consistentemente durante este período, en 1966 la tasa es aún menor que la mitad de lo que se esperaba si no hubiera ocurrido la adopción; (2) la efectividad en el uso delos contraceptivos decrece con la magnitude del tiempo de uso; y (3) la reducción en los embarazos ha estado disminuyendo deede 1964.

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Summary

This pape revaluates a family planning pilot project conducted by the Pakistan Academy for Rural Development in Comilla, East Pakistan. The evaluation is based upon an analysis of the extent to which adoption of conventional contraceptives (condoms and foam tablets) has reduced fertility in selected villages of the Comilla-Kotwali precinct, during the years 1962-66.

The study was carried out by comparing adopter and non-adopter rates of pregnancy and analyzing the trends in pregnancy reduction that resulted from adoption. The findings indicate that (1) although the pregnancy rate of adopters has increased steadily throughout the time period, in 1966 the rate is still less than half of what was expected had adoption not occurred; (2) contraceptive use-effectiveness decreases with length of time of use; and (3) pregnancy reduction has been declining since 1964.

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References

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Berelson, Bernard (
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7
Office of the Census Commissioner, Population Census of Pakistan, 1961: District Census Report (Comilla: 1961), Table 7 (Population by Age in Completed Years. Section 1–5 year age groups by Marital Status, Sex on Urban/Rural, 1961).
8
Sultan S. Hashmi, Main Features of the Demographic Conditions in East Pakistan (Central Statistical Office, 1963), pp. 133–39.