Summary

Using survey data gathered in Turkey in 1963, the relationship between female employment status and fertility is examined. Controlling for urban-rural residence, education, and exposure to conception within marriage, no differences in fertility by labor force status appear. Although there is a slightly greater tendency for employed than for non-employed women to hold attitudes more favorable to small families and family size limitation, the observed differences are slight and not significant statistically. A typology is constructed wherein the nature and causal direction of any existing relationship between female employment and fertility are predicted, based on the availability of birth control technology and the presence or absence of conflict between the roles of mother and worker.

Resumen

Utilizando datos recopilados en una encuesta en Turquía en 1963, se examinan las relaciones entre el estatus de empleo de la mujer y la fecundidad. Manteniendo constantes la residencia urbanorural, educación, y exposición a la concepción dentro del matrimonio, no aparence diferencias en la fecundidad vinculadas al status en la fuerza del trabajo. Aunque hay una tendencia ligeramente mayor, entre las mujeres que trabajan que entre las no empleadas, a mantener actitudes favorables hacia las familias pequeñas y a la limitación en el tamano de la familia, las diferencias observadas son tan pequeñas que no tienen significación estadística. Se elabora una tipología dentro de la cual se predice la naturaleza y dirección causal de cualquier relaciân existente entre empleo femenino y fecundidad, sobre le base de la disposición de técnicas de control de la natalidad y la presencia o ausencia de conflictos entre los roles de la mujer como madre y como trabajadora.

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