Abstract

In this paper, queuing theory is tested through an examination of the occupational attainment of six groups of non-whites in London and New York. Workers in the dominant economy are distinguished from those in the niche economy and emphasis is placed on the former. Black male immigrants in New York and black female immigrants in London hold more favorable occupational status. These results reflect differences in (1) the presence of indigenous minorities—African Americans and Puerto Ricans—in New York but not London, and (2) the relatively low position of indigenous minority males compared to the relatively middling position of indigenous minority females in New York:S labor queue.

This content is only available as a PDF.

References

Arnold, F.W. (
1984
).
West Indians and London’s Hierarchy of Discrimination
.
Ethnic Groups
,
6
,
47
64
.
Blau, P. (
1964
).
Exchange and Power in Social Life
.
New York
:
Wiley
.
Bonacich, E., & Modell, J. (
1980
).
The Economic Basis of Ethnic Solidarity
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
.
Borjas, G.J. (
1988
).
International Differences in the Labor Market Performance of Immigrants
.
Kalamazoo
:
W.E. Upjohn Institute
.
Brown, C., & Gay, P. (
1994
).
Racial Discrimination: 17 Years After the Act
. In P. Burstein (Ed.),
Equal Employment Opportunity: Labor Market Discrimination and Public Policy
(pp.
315
28
).
New York
:
Aldine de Gruyter
.
Cheng, Y. (
1994
).
Education and Class: Chinese in Britain and the United States
.
Aldershot, England
:
Avebury
.
Chiswick, B. (
1979
).
The Economic Progress of Immigrants: Some Apparently Universal Patterns
. In W. Fellner (Ed.),
Contemporary Economic Problems
(pp.
357
99
).
Washington, DC
:
The American Enterprise Institute
.
Corcoran, M.P. (
1993
).
Irish IIlegals: Transients Between Two Societies
.
Westport, CT
:
Greenwood Press
.
Edwards, J. (
1995
).
When Race Counts: The Morality of Race Preference in Britain and America
.
London
:
Routledge
.
S.S. Fainstein, I. Gordon, & M. Harloe (
1992
).
Divided Cities: New York and London in the Contemporary World
.
Cambridge, MA
:
Blackwell
.
Farley, R., & Allen, W. (
1987
).
The Color Line and The Quality of Life in America
.
New York
:
Russell Sage Foundation
.
Foner, N. (
1985
).
Race and Color: Jamaican Migrants in London and New York City
.
International Migration Review
,
19
,
708
27
. 10.2307/2546105
Frisbie, W.P., & Neidert, L. (
1977
).
Inequality and the Relative Size of Minority Populations
.
American Journal of Sociology
,
82
,
1007
30
. 10.1086/226427
Ganzeboom, H., DeGraaf, P., & Treiman, D. (
1992
).
A Standard Socio-Economic Index of Occupational Status
.
Social Science Research
,
21
,
1
56
. 10.1016/0049-089X(92)90017-B
Gordon, I. (
1995
).
The Impact of Economic Change on Minorities and Migrants in Western Europe
. In K. sMcFate, R. Lawson, & W.J. Wilson (Eds.),
Poverty, Inequality, and the Future of Social Policy
(pp.
521
42
).
New York
:
Russell Sage
.
Greeley, A. (
1976
).
Ethnicity, Denomination, and Inequality
.
Beverly Hills
:
Sage
.
Heath, A., D. McMahon, and J. Roberts. 1994. “Ethnic Minorities in the Labour Market.” Paper presented at the Research Conference on Changes in the Labour Markets and European Integration, Espinho, Portugal, October.
Hodge, R. (
1973
).
Toward a Theory of Racial Differences in Employment
.
Social Forces
,
52
,
16
31
. 10.2307/2576420
Jenkins, R. (
1986
).
Racism and Recruitment
.
Cambridge
:
Cambridge University Press
.
Jowell, R., Brook, L., Prior, G., & Taylor, B. (
1992
).
British Social Attitudes: The Ninth Report
.
Aldershot, England
:
Dartmouth
.
Kerckhoff, A.C., Campbell, R., Trott, J., & Kraus, V. (
1989
).
The Transmission of Socioeconomic Status in Great Britain and the United States
.
Sociological Forum
,
4
,
155
78
. 10.1007/BF01112419
Kim, D.Y. 1996. “The Limits of Ethnic Solidarity: Mexican and Ecuadorian Employment in Korean Owned Businesses in New York City.” Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Sociological Association, New York.
Lieberson, S. (
1980
).
A Piece of the Pie
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
.
Lewin-Epstein, N., & Semyonov, M. (
1994
).
Sheltered Labor Markets, Public Sector Employment, and Socio-Economic Returns to Education of Arabs in Israel
.
American Journal of Sociology
,
100
,
622
51
. 10.1086/230576
Logan, J.R., Alba, R., & McNulty, T.L. (
1994
).
Ethnic Economies in Metropolitan Regions: Miami and Beyond
.
Social Forces
,
72
,
691
724
. 10.2307/2579777
Mason, D. (
1995
).
Race and Ethnicity in Modern Britain
.
Oxford
:
Oxford University Press
.
Model, S. (
1993
).
The Ethnic Niche and the Structure of Opportunity: Immigrants and Minorities in New York City
. In M. Katz (Ed.),
The “Underclass” Debate: Views From History
(pp.
161
93
).
Princeton
:
Princeton University Press
.
Model, S., & Ladipo, D. (
1996
).
Context and Opportunity: Minorities in London and New York
.
Social Forces
,
75
,
485
510
. 10.2307/2580410
Modood, T., Berthoud, R., Lakey, J., Nazroo, J., Smith, P., Virdee, S., & Beishon, S. (
1997
).
Ethnic Minorities in Britain
.
London
:
The Policy Studies Institute
.
Portes, A., & Zhou, M. (
1992
).
Gaining the Upper Hand: Economic Mobility Among Immigrant and Domestic Minorities
.
Ethnic and Racial Studies
,
15
,
491
522
. 10.1080/01419870.1992.9993761
Portes, A., & Zhou, M. (
1993
).
The New Second Generation: Segmented Assimilation and Its Variants
.
The Annals of the American Academcy of Political and Social Science
,
530
,
74
96
. 10.1177/0002716293530001006
Sassen, S. (
1991
).
The Global City
.
Princeton
:
Princeton University Press
.
Sowell, T. (
1994
).
Race and Culture: A World View
.
New York
:
Basic Books
.
van den Berghe, P. (
1981
).
The Ethnic Phenomenon
.
New York
:
Elsevier
.
Waldinger, R. (
1986
).
Changing Ladders and Musical Chairs: Ethnicity and Opportunity in Post-Industrial New York
.
Politics and Society
,
15
,
369
401
. 10.1177/003232928701500401
Waldinger, R. (
1992
).
Native Blacks, New Immigrants and the Post-Industrial Transformation of New York
. In M. Cross (Ed.),
Ethnic Minorities and Industrial Change in Europe and North America
(pp.
205
25
).
Cambridge
:
Cambridge University Press
.
Waldinger, R. (
1996
).
Still the Promised City?
.
Cambridge
:
Harvard University Press
.
Winship, C., & Radbill, L. (
1994
).
Sampling Weights and Regression Analysis
.
Sociological Methods and Research
,
23
,
230
57
. 10.1177/0049124194023002004
Zipp, J.F. (
1994
).
Government Employment and Black-White Earnings Inequality, 1980–1990
.
Social Problems
,
41
,
363
82
. 10.1525/sp.1994.41.3.03x0444b