Abstract

In this paper random-effects logistic models are used to analyze the effects of the preceding birth interval on postneonatal mortality in Brazil, controlling for the correlation of survival outcomes between siblings. The results are compared to those obtained by using ordinary logistic regression. Family effects are found to be highly significant in the random-effects model, but the substantive conclusions of the ordinary logistic model are preserved. In particular, birth interval effects remain highly significant.

The text of this article is only available as a PDF.

References

Cleland, John (
1990
).
Maternal Education and Child Survival: Further Evidence and Explanations
. In Caldwell, J., Findley, S., Caldwell, P., Santow, G., Cosford, W., Braid, J., & Broers-Freeman, D. (Eds.),
What We Know about Health Transition: The Cultural, Social and Behavioural Determinants of Health
(pp.
400
19
).
Canberra
:
Australian National University
.
Curtis, Siân L. 1992. “Death Clustering, Birth Spacing and Infant Mortality in Brazil.” Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Department of Social Statistics, University of Southampton.
Curtis, Siân L., John W. McDonald, and Ian Diamond. 1991. “Random-Effects Models for Birth Interval Effects on Infant Mortality in Brazil.” Paper presented at the annual meetings of the Population Association of America, Washington, DC.
Das Gupta, Monica (
1990
).
Death Clustering, Mothers’ Education and the Determinants of Child Mortality in Rural Punjab, India
.
Population Studies
,
44
,
489
505
. 10.1080/0032472031000144866
Guo, Guang (
1993
).
Use of Sibling Data to Estimate Family Mortality Effects in Guatemala
.
Demography
,
30
,
15
32
. 10.2307/2061860
Hobcraft, John N., McDonald, John W., & Rutstein, Shea O. (
1983
).
Child-spacing Effects on Infant and Early Child Mortality
.
Population Index
,
49
,
585
618
. 10.2307/2737284
Hobcraft, John N., McDonald, John W., & Rutstein, Shea O. (
1985
).
Demographic Determinants of Infant and Early Childhood Mortality: A Comparative Analysis
.
Population Studies
,
39
,
363
85
. 10.1080/0032472031000141576
Koenig, Michael A., Phillips, James F., Campbell, Oona M., & D’Souza, Stan (
1990
).
Birth Intervals and Childhood Mortality in Rural Bangladesh
.
Demography
,
27
,
251
65
. 10.2307/2061452
Mauritsen, Robert H. 1984. “Logistic Regression with Random Effects.” Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Department of Biostatistics, University of Washington.
Neuhaus, J.M., Kalbfleisch, John D., & Hauck, W.W. (
1991
).
A Comparison of Cluster-Specific and Population-Averaged Approaches for Analyzing Correlated Binary Data
.
International Statistical Review
,
59
,
25
35
. 10.2307/1403572
Palloni, Alberto (
1990
).
Methodological Problems in the Study of the Health Transition
. In Caldwell, J., Findley, S., Caldwell, P., Santow, G., Cosford, W., Braid, J., & Broers-Freeman, D. (Eds.),
What We Know about Health Transition: The Cultural, Social and Behavioural Determinants of Health
(pp.
896
98
).
Canberra
:
Australian National University
.
Palloni, Alberto, & Millman, Sara (
1986
).
Effects of Inter-Birth Intervals and Breastfeeding on Infant and Early Childhood Mortality
.
Population Studies
,
40
,
215
36
. 10.1080/0032472031000142036
Palloni, Alberto, & Tienda, Marta (
1986
).
The Effects of Breastfeeding and Pace of Childbearing on Mortality at Early Ages
.
Demography
,
23
,
31
52
. 10.2307/2061406
Pebley, Anne R., & Elo, Irma T. (
1989
).
The Relationship of Birth Spacing and Child Health
Proceedings of the 21st International Population Conference
(pp.
403
13
).
New Delhi
:
International Union for the Scientific Study of Population
.
Pebley, Anne R., & Miliman, Sara (
1986
).
Birthspacing and Child Survival
.
International Family Planning Perspectives
,
12
,
71
79
. 10.2307/2947752
Pierce, Donald A. and Bradley R. Sands. 1975. “Extra Binomial Variation in Binary Data.” Technical Report Number 46. Department of Statistics, Oregon State University.
Rodrigues, Roberto N. 1989. “Vida Severina: Health and Mortality in Belo Horizonte and Sao Paulo, Brazil.” Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Australian National University. Statistics and Epidemiology Research Corporation. 1989. EGRET. Seattle: Statistics and Epidemiology Research Corporation.
Trussell, James, & Menken, Jane (
1984
).
Estimating Levels, Trends and Determinants of Child Mortality in Countries with Poor Statistics
.
Population and Development Review
,
10
,
325
46
. 10.2307/2807967