Abstract

Confusion about the role of residential satisfaction vis-a-vis structural factors in the mobility process stems from the failure to examine the determinants of mobility over varying time frames and housing tenures. Using survey data for a random sample of 580 Phoenix-area households, we test models of short-term (l year) and long-term (5 years) mobility expectations for home owners and renters. The results show that residential satisfaction mediates the effects of structural variables on mobility expectations in the short term for home owners. In the long-term model for home owners and the short-term model for renters, the role of satisfaction as an intervening force declines in relative importance. Among renters, structural variables operate directly on long-term mobility expectations.

The text of this article is only available as a PDF.

References

Asher, H. B. (
1976
).
Causal Modeling
.
Beverly Hills, CA
:
Sage
.
Special Population Censusof Maricopa County: October 1, 1985
. (
1986
).
Phoenix
:
State Data Center, Arizona Dept. of Economic Security
.
Bach, R. L., & Smith, J. (
1977
).
Community Satisfaction, Expectations of Moving, and Migration
.
Demography
,
14
,
147
167
. 10.2307/2060573
Clark, W. A. V. (
1983
).
Recent Research on Migration and Mobility: A Review and Interpretation
.
Progress in Planning
,
18
,
1
56
. 10.1016/0305-9006(82)90002-2
Clark, W. A. V., & Onaka, J. L. (
1983
).
Life Cycle and Housing Adjustment as Explanations of Residential Mobility
.
Urban Studies
,
20
,
47
57
.
ColeDirectory for Phoenix and Suburbs. (1987). Phoenix: Cole.
Desbarats, J. (
1983
).
Spatial Choice and Constraints on Behavior
.
Annals of the Association of American Geographers
,
73
,
340
357
. 10.1111/j.1467-8306.1983.tb01421.x
Dillman, D. A. (
1978
).
Mail and Telephone Surveys: The Total Design Method
.
New York
:
Wiley
.
Dillman, D. A. (
1983
).
Mail and Other Self-Administered Questionnaires
. In Rossi, P. H., Wright, J. D., & Anderson, A. B. (Eds.),
Handbook of Survey Research
(pp.
359
377
).
Orlando, FL
:
Academic Press
.
Duncan, O. D. (
1975
).
Introduction to Structural Equation Models
.
New York
:
Academic Press
.
Hulf, J. O., & Clark, W. A. V. (
1978
).
Cumulative Stress and Cumulative Inertia: A Behavioral Model of the Decision to Move
.
Environment and Planning, Ser. A
,
10
,
1101
1119
. 10.1068/a101101
Kendig, H. L. (
1984
).
Housing Careers, Life Cycle, and Residential Mobility: Implications for the Housing Market
.
Urban Studies
,
21
,
271
283
. 10.1080/00420988420080541
Landale, N. S., & Guest, A. (
1985
).
Constraints, Satisfaction and Residential Mobility: Speare’s Model Reconsidered
.
Demography
,
22
,
199
222
. 10.2307/2061178
Lee, B. A. (
1978
).
Residential Mobility on Skid Row: Disaffiliation, Powerlessness, and Decision-Making
.
Demography
,
15
,
285
300
. 10.2307/2060651
McHugh, K. E. (
1984
).
Explaining Migration Intentions and Destination Selection
.
Professional Geographer
,
36
,
315
325
. 10.1111/j.0033-0124.1984.00315.x
Michelson, W. (
1977
).
Environmental Choice, Human Behavior, and Residential Satisfaction
.
New York
:
Oxford University Press
.
Moore, E. G. (
1986
).
Mobility Intention and Subsequent Relocation
.
Urban Geography
,
7
,
497
514
.
Moore, E. G., & Clark, W. A. V. (
1986
).
Stable Structure and Local Variation: A Comparison of Household Flows in Four Metropolitan Areas
.
Urban Studies
,
23
,
185
196
. 10.1080/00420988620080221
Newman, S. J., & Duncan, G. J. (
1979
).
Residential Problems, Dissatisfaction, and Mobility
.
Journal of the American Planning Association
,
45
,
154
166
. 10.1080/01944367908976953
Rossi, P. H. (
1955
).
Why Families Move: A Study in the Social Psychology of Urban Residential Mobility
.
New York
:
Free Press
.
Sell, R. R., & De Jong, G. F. (
1983
).
Deciding Whether to Move: Mobility, Wishful Thinking, and Adjustment
.
Sociology and Social Research
,
67
,
146
165
.
Speare, A. (
1974
).
Residential Satisfaction as an Intervening Variable in Residential Mobility
.
Demography
,
11
,
173
188
. 10.2307/2060556
Speare, A., Kobrin, F., & Kingkade, W. (
1982
).
The Influence of Socioeconomic Bonds and Satisfaction on Interstate Migration
.
Social Forces
,
61
,
551
574
. 10.2307/2578241
Speare, A., Goldstein, S., & Frey, W. H. (
1975
).
Residential Mobility, Migration, and Metropolitan Change
.
Cambridge, MA
:
Ballinger
.
Sternlieb, G., & Hughes, J. W. (
1986
).
Demographics and Housing in America
.
Population Bulletin
,
41
(
1
),
1
35
.
Wolpert, J. (
1965
).
Behavioral Aspects of the Decision to Migrate
.
Papers of the Regional Science Association
,
15
,
159
169
. 10.1007/BF01947871