Abstract

This article outlines a method of estimating probabilities of gross transfers from one age to another due to misreporting of age. An essential ingredient in the computation is the information on the true age structure of the population, which may be estimated by using generalized stable population relationships. The method consists essentially of iteratively adjusting rows and columns of an initial guess matrix so that the application of the resultant transition matrix to the true age distribution produces the recorded age distribution. The initial guess matrix can be either empirically based or theoretically derived. The method is illustrated by using data on India, 1971–1981. The application reveals that in India, although the tendency to exaggerate age is strong at adult ages, the bias does not increase appreciably at older ages, as is commonly believed.

The text of this article is only available as a PDF.

References

Bairagi, R., Aziz, K. M. A., Chowdhury, M. K., & Edmonston, B. (
1982
).
Age Misstatement for Young Children in Rural Bangladesh
.
Demography
,
19
,
447
458
. 10.2307/2061012
Bhat, P. N. M. (1987). “Mortality in India: Levels, Trends and Patterns.” Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, University of Pennsylvania, Graduate Group in Demography.
Bhat, P. N. M., Dechter, A., & Preston, S. H. (1988). “Age Misreporting and Its Effects on Adult Mortality Estimates in Developing Countries.” Paper presented at the IUSSP Seminar on Mortality Transition in South and East Asia, People’s University of China, Beijing.
Bishop, Y. M., Fienberg, S. K., & Holland, P. W. (
1975
).
Discrete Multivariate Analysis: Theory and Practice
.
Cambridge, MA
:
MIT Press
.
Byerlee, D., & Terera, G. (
1981
).
Factors Affecting Reliability in Age Estimation in Rural West Africa:A Statistical Analysis
.
Population Studies
,
35
,
455
465
. 10.2307/2174666
Caldwell, J. C. (
1966
).
Study of Age Misstatement Among Young Children in Ghana
.
Demography
,
3
,
477
490
. 10.2307/2060173
Coale, A. J. (
1971
).
Constructing the Age Distribution of a Population Recently Subject to Declining Mortality
.
Population Index
,
37
(
2
),
75
82
. 10.2307/2733318
Coale, A. J., & Demeny, P. (
1967
).
Manual IV: Methods of Estimating Basic Demographic Measures From Incomplete Data
.
New York
:
United Nations
.
Dandekar, K. (
1966
).
Age Reporting in the Two Recent Censuses: A Case Study
.
Indian Population Bulletin
,
3
,
41
50
.
Derneny, P., & Shorter, F. C. (
1968
).
Estimating Turkish Mortality, Fertility, and Age Structure: Applications of Some New Techniques
.
Istanbul
:
University of Istanbul, Faculty of Economics
.
Ewbank, D. C. (
1981
).
Age Misreporting and Age Selective Underenumeration: Sources, Patterns and Consequences for Demographic Analysis
.
Washington, DC
:
National Academy Press
.
General Population Tables
. (
1975
).
Delhi
:
Controller of Publications
.
Age Tables
. (
1977
).
Delhi
:
Controller of Publications
.
Report on Post Enumeration Check
. (
1983
).
Delhi
:
Controller of Publications
.
Census Evaluation Study
. (
1983
).
Delhi
:
Controller of Publications
.
Nair, P. S. (
1985
).
Estimation of Period-Specific Gross Migration Flows From Limited Data: Bi-proportional Adjustment Approach
.
Demography
,
22
,
133
142
. 10.2307/2060992
Preston, S. H., & Coale, A. J. (
1983
).
Age Structure, Growth, Attrition and Accession: A New Synthesis
.
Population Index
,
48
(
2
),
217
259
. 10.2307/2735961
Manual II: Methods of Appraisal of Quality of Basic Demographic Data for Population Estimates
. (
1955
).
New York
:
United Nations
.
Willekens, F. (
1982
).
Multidimensional Population Analysis With Incomplete Data
. In Land, K. C., & Rogers, A. (Eds.),
Multidimensional Mathematical Demography
(pp.
43
111
).
New York
:
Academic Press,
.