Abstract

This article analyzes demographic responses to the 1984–1985 Ethiopian famine and compares them with Bongaarts and Cain’s (1982) hypothesized responses. After briefly describing the data collection, I estimate the age distribution and the age-specific mortality and fertility rates of Ethiopian famine victims in a resettlement area and compare these with mortality estimates for the 1972–1973 Bangladesh famine and with fertility estimates from the 1981 Ethiopian demographic survey. The results show that the mortality rate among Ethiopian famine victims was about seven times higher than the rate among the Bangladesh victims and that the Ethiopian famine-related mortality was general and not a function of household socioeconomic variables. The data also show a 26 percent lower total fertility rate among famine victims.

This content is only available as a PDF.

References

Bangladesh, (
1982
).
Age-Specific Mortality by Sex, May 1972–April 1973
.
Decca, Bangladesh
:
Demographic Surveillance System
.
Bongaarts, J., & Cain, M. (
1982
).
Demographic responses to famine
. In Cahill, K. M. (Ed.),
Famine
.
New York
:
Mary Knoll
.
Statistical Abstracts
. (
1963
).
Addis Ababa
:
Central Statistics Office of Ethiopia
.
Report on the Results of the 1981 Demographic Survey
. (
1985
).
Addis Ababa
:
Central Statistics Office of Ethiopia
.
Kidane, A. 1983. Estimating Streams of Immigrants to Addis Ababa. Unpublished manuscript, Addis Ababa University, Dept. of Statistics.
Kidane, A. 1986. Demographic Consequences of the 1984–1985 Ethiopian Famine. Unpublished manuscript, Addis Ababa University, Dept. of Statistics.
McCan, J. (
1987
).
From Poverty to Famine in North West Ethiopia: A Rural History, 1900–1935
.
Philadelphia
:
University of Pennsylvania Press
.
Robinson, W. C., & Yamazaki, F. (
1986
).
Agriculture, population and economic planning in Ethiopia, 1953–1980
.
Journal of Developing Areas
,
20
,
327
338
.
Watkins, S., & Menken, J. (
1985
).
Famine in historical perspective
.
Population and Development Review
,
11
,
647
675
. 10.2307/1973458