Few studies have produced the over-time observational data needed to draw valid conclusions about changes in urban homeless populations during the 1980s. One place for which such data exist is Nashville, Tennessee. An ongoing series of enumerations lends little support to Nashvillians’ perception that the number of homeless in their city is growing rapidly. Enumeration results also (1) contradict expectations regarding the rise of “new homeless” groups and (2) show two types of spatial redistribution —from indoor to outdoor and core to peripheral locations—to be under way. The applicability of the enumeration methodology to other communities is discussed, as are the discrepancies between purported and measured demographic changes in homelessness.