Abstract

Analyses of residential mobility are usually conditioned on a system of geography in which territory is divided into discrete units. Types of movement are defined in terms of these units, the most important distinction being that between local mobility and migration. Here we examine explicitly the implications of the choice of the migration-defining boundary in the U.S. over the 1940–1980 period. We demonstrate how boundary choice influences the extent and character of selectivity of the mobile population by using demographic and social characteristics. It appears that over time the state line may be replacing the county line in distinguishing kinds of migrants. Further, our results point to a growing fraction of footloose migrants, not tied to local territory, identified by their migration history rather than demographic characteristics.

The text of this article is only available as a PDF.

References

Bogue, D. J. (
1985
).
The Population of the United States: Historical Trendsand Future Projections
.
New York
:
Free Press
.
Bowles, S. (
1970
).
Migration as investment: Empirical tests of the human investment approach to geographic mobility
.
Review of Economics and Statistics
,
52
,
356
362
. 10.2307/1926312
Cebula, R. J. (
1979
).
The Determinants of Human Migration
.
Lexington, Mass.
:
Lexington Books
.
Clark, W. A. V. (
1982
).
Recent research on migration and mobility
.
Progress in Planning
,
18
,
1
56
. 10.1016/0305-9006(82)90002-2
DaVanzo, J. (
1976
).
Why Families Move: A Model of the Geographic Mobility of Married Couples, Technical Report R-1976-DOL
.
Santa Monica, Calif.
:
Rand Corp
.
DaVanzo, J. (
1983
).
Repeat migration in the U.S
.
Review of Economics and Statistics
,
65
,
552
559
. 10.2307/1935923
Graves, P. K, & Linneman, P. D. (
1979
).
Household migration: Theoretical and empirical results
.
Journal of Urban Economics
,
6
,
383
404
. 10.1016/0094-1190(79)90038-X
Greenwood, M. J. (
1981
).
Migration and Economic Growth in the United States
.
New York
:
Academic Press
.
Kuznets, S., Miller, A. R., & Easterlin, R. A. (
1960
).
Population Redistribution and Economic Growth, United States, 1870–1950: Analyses of Economic Change
.
Philadelphia
:
American Philosophical Society
.
Lansing, J. B., & Mueller, E. (
1967
).
The Geographic Mobility of Labor
.
Ann Arbor
:
University of Michigan, Institute for Social Research
.
Long, L. H. (
1978
).
Interregional Migration of the Poor: Some Recent Changes
.
Washington, D.C.
:
U.S. Government Printing Office
.
Long, L. H. In press. Migration and ResidentialMobility in the U.S. New York: Russell Sage.
Long, L. H., & Boertlein, C. (
1976
).
The Geographic Mobility of Americans in Comparative Perspective
.
Washington, D.C.
:
U.S. Government Printing Office
.
Long, L. H., & Frey, W. (
1982
).
Migration and Settlement 14: United States
.
Laxenburg, Austria
:
International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis
.
Long, L. H., C. J. Tucker, and W. L. Urton. In press. Measuring migration distances: Self-reporting and indirect methods. Journal of the American Statistical Association.
Mincer, J. (
1978
).
Family migration decisions
.
Journal of Political Economy
,
86
,
749
773
. 10.1086/260710
Quigley, J. M., & Weinberg, D. H. (
1977
).
Intra-urban residential mobility: A review and synthesis
.
International Regional Science Review
,
2
,
41
66
. 10.1177/016001767700200104
Radloff, S. R. (
1983
).
Detecting Migration: An Exploration of Measurement Issues Using the Malaysian Family Life Survey
.
Santa Monica, Calif.
:
Rand Corp
.
Rees, P., & Willikens, F. (
1985
).
Data and accounts
. In A. Rogers, & F. Willikens (Eds.),
Migration and Settlement: A Multiregional Comparative Study
(pp.
37
45
).
Boston
:
D. Reidel
.
Ritchey, P. N. (
1976
).
Explanations of migration
. In A. Inkeles (Ed.),
Annual Reviewof Sociology
(pp.
363
404
).
Palo Alto, Calif.
:
Annual Reviews
.
Rogers, A., & Castro, L. (
1984
).
Model migration schedules
. In A. Rogers (Ed.),
Migration, Urbanization, and Spatial Population Dynamics
.
Boulder, Colo.
:
Westview
.
Rogers, A., & Willikens, F. (
1985
).
Migration and Settlement: A Multiregional Comparative Study
.
Boston
:
D. Reidel
.
Schwartz, A. (
1973
).
On interpreting the effect of distance on migration
.
Journal of Political Economy
,
81
,
1153
1169
. 10.1086/260111
Shryock, H. S. (
1964
).
Population Mobility Within the United States
.
Chicago
:
University of Chicago Press
.
Thomas, D. S. (
1938
).
Research Memorandum on Migration Differentials
.
New York
:
Social Science Research Council
.
A Public Use Sample of Basic Records From the 1960 Census
. (
1975
).
Washington, D.C.
:
U.S. Bureau of the Census
.
Census Users Guide
. (
1982
).
Washington, D.C.
:
U.S. Government Printing Office
.
Census of Populationand Housing 1940: Public Use Microdata Sample
. (
1983
).
Washington, D.C.
:
U.S. Bureau of the Census
.
Census of Populationand Housing 1980: Public Use Microdata Sample
. (
1983
).
Washington, D.C.
:
U.S. Bureau of the Census
.