Abstract

Data from the 1967 through 1978 Current Population Surveys of the U.S. Bureau of the Census are used to analyze the proportion of men with annual and weekly earnings below a fixed low earnings threshold. Logit analysis is used to assess the impact of the level of education, experience, cyclical conditions, and cohort size on the proportion of low earners within education-experience categories. Particular interest is paid to the influence of the labor market entry of the baby boom. The evidence indicates that, after controlling for the independent variables, the proportion of adult males with low annual and weekly earnings has been growing substantially except among the most highly educated.

The text of this article is only available as a PDF.

References

Berger, M. (
1983
).
The Effect of Cohort Size on Earnings Growth: A Reconsideration of the Evidence
.
Mimeo
:
University of Kentucky
.
Bluestone, B., & Harrison, B. (
1982
).
The Deindustrialization of America
.
New York
:
Basic Books
.
Danziger, S., & Plotnick, P. (
1982
).
The War on Income Poverty: Achievements and Failures
. In Somers, P. (Ed.),
Welfare Reform in America
.
Boston
:
Kluwer-Nijhoff
.
Dooley, M., & Gottschalk, P. (
1984
).
Earnings inequality among males in the United States: trends and the effect of labor force growth
.
Journal of Political Economy
,
92
,
59
89
. 10.1086/261208
Easterlin, R. (
1978
).
What will 1984 be like? Socioeconomic implications of recent twists in age structure
.
Demography
,
15
,
397
432
. 10.2307/2061197
Freeman, R. (
1979
).
The effect of demographic factors on age-earnings profiles
.
Journal of Human Resources
,
14
,
289
318
. 10.2307/145573
Gottschalk, P. (
1978
).
Earnings, Transfers, and Poverty Reduction in Research
. In Ehrenberg, R. (Ed.),
Labor Economics, vol. 2
.
Greenwich, Conn.
:
JAI Press
.
Hanuschek, E., & Jackson, J. (
1977
).
Statistical Methods for the Social Scientist
.
New York
:
Academic Press
.
Hedges, J. and C. Mellor. 1979. Weekly and Hourly Earnings of U.S. Workers, 1967–78. Monthly Labor Review, August.
Leon, C. B. (
1982
).
Occupational Winners and Losers: Who Were They During 1972–80?
.
Monthly Labor Review
,
105
,
18
28
.
Plantes, M. K. 1978. Work Experience, Economic Activity and Lifetime Earnings: An Intercohort Analysis, unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, M.I.T.
Raisian, J. and E. Donovan. 1980. Patterns of Real WageGrowth, 1967–1977: Who Has Prospered?, BLS Working Paper 104, U.S.D.O.L.
Welch, F. (
1979
).
Effects of Cohort Size on Earnings: The Baby Boom Babies’ Financial Bust
.
Journal of Political Economy
,
87
,
565
597
. 10.1086/260823
Welch, F., & Gould, W. (
1976
).
An Experience Imputation or an Imputation Experience
.
Los Angeles
:
Department of Economics, University of California
.