Abstract

Child mortality may affect spacing through biological and behavioral channels. The death of a child may elicit a desire to have another one soon; further, it may interrupt breastfeeding and shorten the sterile period following childbirth. The hypothesis that the child mortality-spacing linkage varies across parities, being strongest in the middle parities, is examined using microdata from Malaysia and the Cox-regression technique. The empirical results lend support to the hypothesis.

The text of this article is only available as a PDF.

References

Ben Porath, Y. (
1978
).
Fertility Response to Child Mortality: Microdata from Israel
. In Preston, S. H. (Ed.),
The Effects of Infant and Child Mortality on Fertility
(pp.
161
80
).
New York
:
Academic Press
.
Butz, W. P., & DaVanzo, J. (
1978
).
The Malaysian Family Life Survey: Summary Report
.
Santa Monica
:
Rand
.
Butz, W. P. 1978b. Contracepting, Breastfeeding and Birthspacing in Malaysia: A Model of Decisionmaking Subject to Economic and Biological Constraints. Paper presented at the Meeting of the Econometric Society, Chicago.
Butz, W. P., & Habicht, J. P. (
1976
).
The Effects of Nutrition and Health on Fertility: Hypotheses, Evidence and Interventions
. In Ridker, R. (Ed.),
Population and Development: The Search for Selective Interventions
(pp.
210
38
).
Baltimore
:
The Johns Hopkins University Press
.
Chowdhury, A. K. M. A., Khan, A. R., & Chen, L. C. (
1978
).
Experience in Pakistan and Bangladesh
. In Preston, S. H. (Ed.),
The Effects ofInfant and Child Mortality on Fertility
(pp.
115
33
).
New York
:
Academic Press
.
Cox, D. R. (
1972
).
Regression Models and Life-Tables
.
Journal of the Royal Statistical Society B
,
34
,
187
202
.
Cox, D. R., & Snell, E. J. (
1968
).
A General Definition of Residuals
.
Journal of the Royal Statistical Society B
,
30
,
248
275
.
DaVanzo, J., & Haaga, J. (
1981
).
Anatomy of a Fertility Decline: Peninsular Malaysia, 1950–1976
.
Santa Monica
:
Rand
.
Dixon, W. J., Brown, M. B., Engelman, L., Frane, J. W., Hill, M. A., Jennrich , R. I., & Toporek, J. D. (
1981
).
BMDP Statistical Software
.
Berkeley
:
University of California Press
.
Fernandez, C. (
1974
).
Factores que Influyen en los Intervalos Intergenesicos de Mujeres que Viven en Zonas Rurales y Semiurbanas de America Latina
.
Santiago
:
CELADE, SIEF B-1
.
Haaga, J. (
1981
).
Validity and Reliability of Retrospective Life History: Data From the Malaysian Family Life Survey
.
Santa Monica
:
Rand
.
Hobcraft, J. and G. Rodriguez 1980. Methodological Issues in Life Table Analysis of Birth Histories. Paper presented at a Seminar on the Analysis of Maternity Histories, London.
Kalbfleisch, J. D., & Prentice, R. L. (
1980
).
The Statistical Analysis of Failure Time Data
.
New York
:
John Wiley and Sons
.
Kay, R. (
1977
).
Proportional Hazard Regression Models and the Analysis of Censored Survival Data
.
Applied Statistics
,
26
,
227
37
. 10.2307/2346962
Nerlove, M., & Razin, A. (
1981
).
Child Spacing and Numbers: An Empirical Analysis
Essays in the Theory and Measurement of Consumer Behavior in Honour of Sir Richard Stane
(pp.
297
324
).
New York
:
Cambridge University Press
.
O’Hara, D. J. (
1972
).
Changes in Mortality Levels and Family Decisions Regarding Children
.
Santa Monica
:
Rand
.
O’Hara, D. J. (
1972
).
Mortality Risks, Sequential Decisions on Births, and Population Growth
.
Demography
,
9
(
3
),
485
98
. 10.2307/2060868
Preston, S. H. (
1972
).
Interrelations between Death Rates and Birth Rates
.
Theoretical Population Biology
,
3
,
165
185
. 10.1016/0040-5809(72)90025-1
Preston, S. H. (
1978
).
Introduction
. In Preston, S. H. (Ed.),
The Effects of Infant and Child Mortality on Fertility
(pp.
1
18
).
New York
:
Academic Press
.
Razin, A. (
1980
).
Number, Birth Spacing and Quality of Children: A Microeconomic View
. In Simon, J., & DaVanzo, J. (Eds.),
Research in Population Economics II
(pp.
279
293
).
Greenwich
:
JAI Press
.
Rutstein, S., & Medica, V. (
1978
).
The Latin American Experience
. In Preston, S. H. (Ed.),
The Effects ofInfant and Child Mortality on Fertility
(pp.
93
112
).
New York
:
Academic Press
.
Schultz, T. P. (
1974
).
Fertility Determinants: A Theory, Evidence and an Application to Policy Evaluation
.
Santa Monica
:
Rand
.
Spiers, P. S., & Wang, L. (
1976
).
Short Pregnancy Interval, Low Birthweight, and the Sudden Infant Death Syndrome
.
American Journal of Epidemiology
,
104
,
15
21
.
Van Ginneken, J. K. (
1974
).
Prolonged Breastfeeding as a Birth Spacing Method
.
Studies in Family Planning
,
5
,
201
06
. 10.2307/1965371
Welch, F. (
1974
).
Sex of Children: Prior Uncertainty and Subsequent Fertility Behavior
.
Santa Monica
:
Rand
.