Resumen

El estudio se refiere a los paises de la Europa occidental y a todos los países de habla inglesa. Abarca nueve causas principales de defunción, además del total dado por todas las causes, y se extiende al período comprendido entre 1950 y 1961. Las indicaciones superficialee derivadas de un examen de las tasas brutas de natalidad desde 1950 muestran que la tasa de disminución de la mortalidad desde 1950–53 a 1954–57, durante el periodo 1958–61 no se mantendró en muchos de los países estudiados.

Si bien la causa principal de esta situación son las enfermedades cardiovasculares y renales, no mejoraron reduciendo la mortalidad o disminuyendo la tasa de aumento, ni la influenza ni la pneumonia. Deniro de las grandes categorias de causas de defunción—como las enfermedades cardiovasculares y renales, el cáncer y las accidentes— las condiciones o traumatismos más específicos pueden no seguir tendencies similares. Un examen más a fond de la evolución de las tasas de mortalidad por causas específicas requeriria necesariamente un estudio seguir la edad y el sexo. Normalmente, cabría esperar que la tendencia general de las condiciones o traumatismos mas eepecífico sfuera similar en los países de baja mortalidad, por cuanto se les ofrecen amplias oportunidades de conocer los avances de la ciencia y de la práctica médicas.

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