Abstract

Trends in labor force participation rates and the age of retirement are shown to be important determinants of upward mobility. Reductions in age specific participation rates increase the speed of movement through the employment hierarchy. In conjunction with economic development, the falling labor force participation of older men acts to offset the adverse effects of slowing population growth on promotional prospects. These conclusions are reached by extending a model of employment status developed by Keyfitz to limit employment competition to only those actually in the labor force.

The text of this article is only available as a PDF.

References

Allen, R. G. D. (
1938
).
Mathematical Analysis for Economists
.
New York
:
St. Martin’s Press
.
Cantrell, R. Stephen and Robert L. Clark. 1979. Implications for Retirement Age Policy and Population Change on Individual Promotional Prospects. Unpublished paper, North Carolina State University.
Cantrell, R. Stephen, & Clark, Robert L. (
1980
).
Retirement Policy and Promotional Prospects
.
The Gerontologist
,
October
,
575
580
.
Durand, John (
1975
).
The Labor Force in Economic Development
.
Princeton
:
Princeton University Press
.
Fullerton, Howard and James Byrne. 1976. Length of Working Life for Men and Women, 1970. Special Labor Force Report No. 187.
Keyfitz, Nathan (
1973
).
Individual Mobility in a Stationary Population
.
Population Studies
,
27
(
2
),
335
352
. 10.2307/2173401
Siegel, Jacob. 1978. Prospective Trends in the Size and Structure of the Elderly Population, Impact of Mortality Trends, and Some Implications. Statement before the Select Committees on Aging and Population, U. S. House of Representatives, May 24.