Abstract

The malleability of fertility-related attitudes and behavior was studied by analyzing data collected from cross-sectional groups of Filipino migrants who had lived in the United States for varying lengths of time, in conjunction with data from a comparison group of Caucasians from the Filipinos’ neighborhoods. With increasing number of years lived in the United States, Filipino migrants’ fertility-related knowledge, attitudes, and desires became increasingly similar to those of the Caucasian group, but their contraceptive behavior did not. While approximately equal numbers of Filipinos and Caucasians were contracepting, Filipino couples regardless of duration of stay in the United States were using less effective methods with less regularity. Despite these contraceptive behavior patterns, Filipino migrants perceived that they would have 0.32 fewer children in the United States than they would have had had they remained in the Philippines. By far the most predominant reason given by Filipino respondents for changing fertility patterns in the United States was the difficulty of obtaining child care in the new environment.

The text of this article is only available as a PDF.

References

Arnold, Fred, Bulatao, R. A., Buripakdi, C., Chung, B. J., Fawcett, J. T., Iritani, T., Lee, S. J., & Wu, T. (
1975
).
The Value of Children: A Cross-National Study
.
Honolulu
:
East-West Population Institute
.
Baldwin, W. H., & Ford, T. B. (
1976
).
Modernism and Contraceptive Use in Columbia
.
Studies in Family Planning
,
7
,
75
79
. 10.2307/1965038
Card, J. J., & Wood, W. J. (
1977
).
Determinants of Individual Fertility and Contraceptive Use: A Review and Synthesis of the Literature
.
Palo Alto, Calif.
:
American Institutes for Research in the Behavioral Sciences
.
Davis, K. (
1972
).
Changing Balance of Births and Deaths
. In Harrison Brown, & E. Hutchings (Eds.),
Are Our Descendants Doomed: Technological Change and Population Growth
(pp.
14
33
).
New York
:
Viking Press
.
Day, L. H., & Day, A. T. (
1969
).
Family Size in Industrialized Countries: An Inquiry in the Socio Cultural Determinants of Levels of Childbearing
.
Journal of Marriage and the Family
,
31
,
242
251
. 10.2307/349940
Freedman, R., & Berelson, B. (
1976
).
The Record of Family Planning Programs
.
Studies in Family Planning
,
7
,
1
40
. 10.2307/1965290
Hollingshead, August B., & Redlich, F. C. (
1958
).
Social Class and Mental Illness
.
New York
:
John Wiley and Sons
.
Iutaka, S., Bock, E. W., & Varnes, W. G. (
1971
).
Factors Affecting Fertility of Natives and Migrants in Urban Brazil
.
Population Studies
,
25
,
55
62
. 10.2307/2172747
Jayme, Josefina (
1971
).
Demographic and Sociopsychological Determinants of the Migration of Highly Trained Filipinos to the United States
.
Pittsburgh, Pa.
:
Carnegie-Mellon University
.
Long, L. H. (
1970
).
The Fertility of Migrants To and Within North America
.
Milbank Memorial Fund Quarterly
,
48
,
297
316
. 10.2307/3349241
Macisco, J., Weller, R. N., & Bouvier, L. F. (
1969
).
Some General Considerations on Migration, Urbanization, and Fertility in Latin America
. In P. M. Visaria (Ed.),
The Family in Transition
.
Bethesda, Md.
:
Fogarty International Center, National Institutes of Health
.
Miller, Warren B., & Fisk, N. M. (
1969
).
Sexual Knowledge Questionnaire
.
Stanford, Calif.
:
Department of Psychiatry, Stanford University
.
Nortman, D. (
1977
).
Changing Contraceptive Patterns: A Global Perspective
.
Population Bulletin
,
32
,
1
38
.
Smith, D. H., & Inkeles, A. (
1966
).
The O. M. Scale: A Comparative Sociopsychological Measure of Individual Modernity
.
Sociometry
,
29
,
353
377
. 10.2307/2786293
Demographic Yearbook
. (
1976
).
New York
:
Department of Economic and Social Affairs, United Nations
.
Watson, W. B., and R. J. Lapham (eds.). 1975. Family Planning Programs: World Review 1974. Studies in Family Planning 6: 205–322.