Abstract

Because the 1970 Soviet Union census does not provide information on the age structure of men and women separately by sex and according to their ethnic affiliation, the 1959 USSR census data serve as the basis to infer knowledge about ethnic fertility. The model takes into account (1) the total number of births in 1960, estimated from the child-woman ratio in 1959, (2) the age structure of women in 1959, and (3) the assumed pattern of age-specific birth rates structured in terms of the modal age at childbearing and the length of the fertility age span. The results show that Ukrainians among the Slav populations ranked as the lowest with 2.07 children born per woman. Their total fertility contrasts with that of Kazakhs native to Central Asia, who reportedly according to Soviet sources had 7.46 children per woman in 1958–1959, and whose estimated rate is around 8.59 children. Extreme variations appear in the estimates of fertility among nationalities of the Caucasus region, Volga Basin, and to a lesser degree in Siberia. Official Soviet calculations of crude birth rates and age-specific rates for 15 Union Republics in 1967–1968 are transcribed and compared with the estimates for nationalities in 1959–1960. The same theoretical model used to generate the Soviet rates may be adapted under different assumptions to non-Soviet populations in other situations where the data are scanty or incomplete.

The text of this article is only available as a PDF.

References

Avery, Roger C. 1970. Graduation of Age-Specific Fertility Rates. A paper presented at the Third Conference of the Mathematics of Population, July 1970, University of Chicago.
Bondarskaia, G. A. et al (
1970
).
Rol etnicheskogo faktora v formirovanii territorialnykh razlichii rozhdaemosti (The role of ethnic factors in the formation of territorial differentials of fertility)
. In Volkov, A. G. et al (Ed.),
Voprosy Demografii (Problems in Demography)
(pp.
160
175
).
Moscow
:
Statistika
.
Bondarskaia, G. A., & Kozlov, V. I. (
1971
).
Natsionalnyi sostav naseleniia kak faktor differentsiatsii rozhdaemosti (Nationality composition of population as a factor in differential fertility)
. In Volkov, A. G. (Ed.),
Faktory Rozhdaemosti (Factors Affecting Fertility)
(pp.
63
76
).
Moscow
:
Statistika
.
Brass, W. (
1960
).
The Graduation of Fertility Distributions by Polynomial Functions
.
Population Studies
,
14
,
148
162
. 10.2307/2172011
Clark, Colin (
1967
).
Population Growth and Land Use
.
New York
:
St. Martin’s Press, Inc
.
Elderton, William P. (
1953
).
Frequency Curves and Correlation
. 4th ed.
Cambridge
:
Cambridge University Press
.
Keyfitz, Nathan (
1968
).
Introduction to the Mathematics of Population
.
Reading, Mass.
:
Addison-Wesley
.
Lah, I. (
1958
).
Generalization of Yastremsky’s Formula for Analytical Graduation of Fertility Rates
.
Journal of the Royal Statistical Society
,
121
(
Series A
),
100
104
.
Lah, I. (
1967
).
A Method of Using Census Data for Measurement of Fertility. Abstract
the Proceedings of the World Population Conference, Belgrade, 1965
.
New York
:
United Nations
.
Latka, Alfred J. (
1939
).
Théorie Analitique des Associations Biologiques. Part II. Analyse démographique avec application particulière à l’espèce humaine
.
Paris
:
Hermann and Cie
.
Martin, P. (
1967
). Une application des fonctions de Gompertz à l’étude de la fécondité d’une cohorte.
Population (Paris)
,
22
,
1085
1089
.
Mazur, D. Peter (
1960
).
Empirical Test of a Demographic Model with Reference to Fertility of Women in the State of Washington: 1920 to 1959. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation
.
Seattle
:
University of Washington
.
Mazur, D. Peter (
19’63
).
A Demographic Model for Estimating Age-Order Specific Fertility Rates
.
Journal of the American Statistical Association
,
58
,
774
788
. 10.2307/2282725
Mazur, D. Peter (
1967
).
The Graduation of Age-Specific Fertility Rates by Order of Birth of Child. Abstract
the Proceedings of the World Population Conference, Belgrade, 1965
.
New York
:
United Nations
.
Mazur, D. Peter (
1967
).
The Graduation of Age-Specific Fertility Rates by Order of Birth of Child
.
Human Biology
,
39
,
53
64
.
Mazur, D. Peter (
1967
).
Reconstruction of Fertility Trends for the Female Population of the U.S.S.R.
.
Population Studies
,
21
,
33
52
. 10.2307/2172927
Mazur, D. Peter (
1972
).
Using Regression Models to Estimate the Expectation of Life for the U.S.S.R.
.
Journal of the American Statistical Association
,
67
,
31
36
. 10.2307/2284698
Mazur, D. Peter (
1973
).
Relation of Marriage and Education to Fertility in the U.S.S.R.
.
Population Studies
,
27
,
105
115
. 10.2307/2173456
Mitra, S., & Romaniuk, A. (
1973
).
Pearsonian Type I Curve and Its Fertility Projection Potentials
.
Demography
,
10
,
351
365
. 10.2307/2060844
Pressat, R. (
1967
). Une comparaison entre le fécondité en U.R.S.S. et aux États-Unis.
Population (Paris)
,
22
,
1097
1104
.
Romaniuk, A. (
1973
).
A Three Parameter Model for Birth Projections
.
Population Studies
,
27
,
467
478
. 10.2307/2173766
Shryock, Henry S., & Siegel, Jacob S. (
1971
).
The Methods and Materials of Demography
.
Washington, D.C.
:
U.S. Government Printing Office
.
Sifman, R. I (
1967
).
Age at Marriage as a Demographic Factor in Conditions of High Fertility
Proceedings of the World Population Conference, Belgrade, 1965
(pp.
177
179
).
New York
:
United Nations
.
Sifman, R. I, Darskii, L. E., & Bondarskaia, G. A. (
1969
).
A Method of Studying Fertility and the Rate of Marriage. (Translated from Vestnik Statistiki, 1967, No.2, pp. 11–23.)
.
Soviet Sociology—a journal of translations
,
7
,
44
55
.
Itogi Vsesoiuznoi Perepisi Naseleniia 1959 goda, SSSR (Results of the All-Union Population Census of 1959, USSR). Summary Volume
. (
1962
).
Moscow
:
Gosstatizdat
.
Itogi Vsesoiuznoi Perepisi Naseleniia 1959 goda, RSFSR (Results of the AllUnion Population Census of 1959, Russian Soviet Federated Socialist Republic)
. (
1963
).
Moscow
:
Gosstatizdat
.
Tekse, K. (
1965
).
Korespecifikus születési arányszámok demografiai modelljeiröl (On demographic models of age-specific birth rates)
.
Demogriifia
,
8
,
201
219
.
Tekse, K. (
1967
).
On Demographic Models of AgeSpecific Fertility Rates
.
Statistisk Tidskrift (Stockholm)
,
3
,
189
207
.
Urlanis, Boris Ts. 1967. Marxism and Birth Control. Paper contributed to the Sydney Conference of the International Union for the Scientific Study of Population (mimeographed).
Urlanis, Boris Ts. (
1974
).
Problemy Dinamiki Naseleniia SSSR (Problems of Population Dynamics of the USSR)
.
Moscow
:
Nauka
.
USSR Academy of Sciences
(
1967
).
Comment by members of Mikluho-Maklaia Institute of Ethnography
.
Current Anthropology
,
8
,
184
195
.
Vestnik Statistiki (Statistical Herald). 1971. Moscow. No. 12, pp. 74–75.
Yntema, L. (
1969
).
On Hadwiger’s Fertility Function
.
Statistisk Tidskrift (Stockholm)
,
2
,
113
117
.