Abstract

A number of migration studies have attempted to explain migration that occurred over a given time interval by means of variables defined for the end of the period and/or variables relating to changes that occurred over the period. Since migration may influence end-of-period levels of explanatory variables by influencing the behavior of these variables over the period of migration, simultaneous-equations bias may be inherent in the parameter estimates of the many single-equation, multiple-regression analyses. This study constitutes an empirical examination of qualitative differences in the parameter estimates of five different types of migration models estimated for two different time periods, 1960 and 1970.

The text of this article is only available as a PDF.

References

Beals, Ralph E., Mildred, B. Levy, & Leon, N. Moses (
1967
).
Rationality and Migration in Ghana
.
Review of Economics and Statistics
,
49
,
480
486
. 10.2307/1928332
Becker, Gary S (
1964
).
Human Capital: A Theoretical and Empirical Analysis, with Special Reference to Education
.
New York
:
Columbia University Press
.
Blanco, Cicely (
1963
).
The Determinants of Interstate Population Movements
.
Journal of Regional Science
,
5
(
1
),
77
84
. 10.1111/j.1467-9787.1963.tb00911.x
Bogue, Donald J., Henry, S. Shryock, & Sigfried, A. Hoermann (
1957
).
Subregional Migration in the United States, 1935-40. Vol. 1, Streams of Migration Between Subregions: A Pilot Study of Migration Flows Between Environments
.
Oxford, Ohio
:
The Scripps Foundation
.
Borts, George H., & Jerome, L. Stein (
1964
).
Economic Growth in a Free Market
.
New York
:
Columbia University Press
.
Cebula, Richard J. (
1973
).
Labor Migration and Income Expectations: A Theoretical and Empirical Analysis
Proceedings of the Business and Economic Statistics Section, American Statistical Association
(pp.
295
297
).
Washington, D. C.
:
American Statistical Association
.
Cebula, Richard J., Kohn, Robert M., & Vedder, Richard K. (
1973
).
Some Determinants of Interstate Migration of Blacks, 1965-1970
.
Western Economic Journal
,
11
,
500
505
.
Cebula, Richard J., Kohn, Robert M., Vedder, Richard K., & Vedder, Richard K. (
1973
).
A Note on Migration, Economic Opportunity, and the Quality of Life
.
Journal of Regional Science
,
13
,
205
211
. 10.1111/j.1467-9787.1973.tb00395.x
Christ, Carl F. (
1966
).
Econometric Models and Methods
.
New York
:
John Wiley and Sons
.
Eldridge, Hope T. (
1965
).
Primary, Secondary, and Return Migration in the United States, 1955-60
.
Demography
,
2
,
444
455
. 10.2307/2060130
Fabricant, Ruth A. (
1970
).
An Expectational Model of Migration
.
Journal of Regional Science
,
10
,
13
24
. 10.1111/j.1467-9787.1970.tb00031.x
Gallaway, Lowell E. (
1967
).
Industry, Variations in Geographic Labor Mobility Patterns
.
Journal of Human Resources
,
2
,
461
474
. 10.2307/144766
Greenwood, Michael J. (
1969
).
An Analysis of the Determinants of Geographic Labor Mobility in the United States
.
Review of Economics and Statistics
,
51
,
189
194
. 10.2307/1926728
Greenwood, Michael J. (
1973
).
The Geographic Mobility of College Graduates
.
Journal of Human Resources
,
8
,
506
515
. 10.2307/144860
Greenwood, Michael J. (
1973
).
Urban Economic Growth and Migration: Their Interaction
.
Environment and Planning
,
5
,
91
112
. 10.1068/a050091
Greenwood, Michael J. n.d. A Simultaneous-Equations Model of Urban Growth and Migration. Journal of the American Statistical Association. Forthcoming.
Kariel, Herbert G. (
1963
).
Selected Factors Areally Associated with Population Growth Due to Net Migration
.
Annals of the Association of American Geographers
,
53
,
210
223
. 10.1111/j.1467-8306.1963.tb00442.x
Kaun, David E. (
1970
).
Negro Migration and Unemployment
.
Journal of Human Resources
,
5
,
191
207
. 10.2307/144898
Kohn, Robert M., Vedder, Richard K., & Cebula, Richard J. (
1973
).
Determinants of Interstate Migration. by Race, 1965-1970
.
Annals of Regional Science
,
7
,
100
112
. 10.1007/BF01285534
Laber, Gene, & Chase, Richard X. (
1971
).
Interprovincial Migration in Canada as a Human Capital Decision
.
Journal of Political Economy
,
79
,
795
804
. 10.1086/259788
Levy, Mildred B., & Wadycki, Walter J. (
1972
).
Lifetime Versus One-Year Migration in Venezuela
.
Journal of Regional Science
,
12
,
407
415
. 10.1111/j.1467-9787.1972.tb00362.x
Levy, Mildred B., Wadycki, Walter J., & Wadycki, Walter J. (
1974
).
What is the Opportunity Cost of Moving? Reconsideration of the Effect of Distance on Migration
.
Economic Development and Cultural Change
,
22
,
198
214
. 10.1086/450705
Miller, Ann R. (
1967
).
The Migration of Employed Persons to and from Metropolitan Areas of the United States
.
Journal of the American Statistical Association
,
62
,
1418
1432
. 10.2307/2283787
Miller, Edward (
1973
).
Is Out-Migration Affected by Economic Conditions?
.
Southern Economic Journal
,
39
,
396
405
. 10.2307/1056406
Muth, Richard F. (
1971
).
Migration: Chicken or Egg?
.
Southern Economic Journal
,
37
,
295
306
. 10.2307/1056181
Pack, Janet R. (
1973
).
Determinants of Migration to Central Cities
.
Journal of Regional Science
,
13
,
249
260
. 10.1111/j.1467-9787.1973.tb00399.x
Pursell, Donald E. (
1972
).
Determinants of Male Labor Mobility
.
Demography
,
9
,
257
261
. 10.2307/2060638
Rabianski, Joseph (
1971
).
Real Earnings and Human Migration
.
Journal of Human Resources
,
6
,
185
192
. 10.2307/144916
Siaastad, Larry A. (
1960
).
The Relationship be tween Migration and Income in the United States
.
Papers and Proceedings of the Regional Science Association
,
6
,
37
64
.
Sommers, Paul M., & Suits, Daniel B. (
1973
).
Analysis of Net Interstate Migration
.
Southern Economic .Journal
,
40
,
193
201
. 10.2307/1056870
Stone, Leroy O. (
1971
).
On the Correlation Between Metropolitan Area In- and Out-Migration by Occupation
.
Journal of the American Statistical Association
,
66
,
693
701
. 10.2307/2284214
Census of Population: 1950. Vol. 2, Characteristics of the Population, Parts 2-52
. (
1952
).
Washington, D. C.
:
U. S. Government Printing Office
.
Census of Population: 1950. Vol. 2, Characteristics of the Population, Part 1, United States Summary
. (
1953
).
Washington, D. C.
:
U. S. Government Printing Office
.
Census of Population: 1960. Vol. 1, Characteristics of the Population, Parts 2-52
. (
1963
).
Washington, D. C.
:
U. S. Government Printing Office
.
Census of Population: 1960. Mobility for Metropolitan Areas. Subject Report
. (
1963
).
Washington, D. C.
:
U. S. Government Printing Office
.
Census of Population: 1960. Vol. 1, Characteristics of the Population, Part 1, United States Summary
. (
1964
).
Washington, D. C.
:
U. S. Government Printing Office
.
Census of Population: 1970. Vol. 1, Characteristics of the Population, Parts 2-52
. (
1973
).
Washington, D. C.
:
U. S. Government Printing Office
.
Census of Population: 1970. Mobility for Metropolitan Areas. Subject Report
. (
1973
).
Washington, D. C.
:
U. S. Government Printing Office
.
Wadycki, Walter J. (
1974
).
A Note on Opportunity Costs and Migration Analysis
.
Annals of Regional Science
,
8
,
109
117
. 10.1007/BF01287337