Abstract

Using the 1970 1/1,000 Public Use Sample of the U.S. population, the relationships of the closed and open birth intervals with parity and mother’s age, with parity and marital duration and with children ever born/marital duration and mother’s age are analyzed. These findings both replicate and expand on Srinivasan’s earlier research on the open interval. The open interval is more sensitive as an index of marital fertility when marital duration and parity are controlled than when mother’s age and parity are controlled.

The text of this article is only available as a PDF.

References

Anderson, W. A. (
1947
).
The Spacing of Births in the Families of University Graduates
.
American Journal of Sociology
,
53
,
23
33
. 10.1086/220089
Christensen, Harold T. (
1938
).
Rural-Urban Differences in the Time Interval between the Marriage of Parents and the Birth of Their First Child, Utah County, Utah
.
Rural Sociology
,
3
,
172
176
.
Christensen, Harold T. (
1963
).
Child Spacing Analysis Via Record Linkage: New Data Plus a Summing Up from Earlier Reports
.
Marriage and Family Living
,
25
,
272
280
. 10.2307/349070
Christensen, Harold T., & Bowden, Olive P. (
1953
).
Studies in Childspacing II. The Time-Interval between Marriage of Parents and Birth of Their First Child, Tippicanoe County, Indiana
.
Social Forces
,
31
,
346
351
. 10.2307/2573070
Variables for Comparative Fertility Surveys
. (
1967
).
Liege, Belgium
:
IUSSP
.
Glass, D. V., & Grebenik, E. (
1954
).
The Trend and Pattern of Fertility in Great Britain: A Report on the Family Census of 1946
.
London
:
H. M. Stationery Office
.
Leslie, Gerald R., Christensen, Harold T., & Pearman, Glenn L. (
1955
).
Studies in Child Spacing: IV. The Time-Interval Separating All Children in Completed Families of Purdue University Graduates
.
Social Forces
,
34
,
77
82
. 10.2307/2574265
Robinson, Walter W., & Hastings, Donald W. (
1974
).
A Strategy for Obtaining Estimates of Premarital Pregnancy Using a 1970 Census Public Use Sample
.
Review of Public Data Use
,
2
,
30
34
.
Schachter, Joseph. 1958. Child Spacing as Measured from Data Enumerated in the Current Population Survey: United States, April 1950 to April 1954. Vital Statistics Special Reports, Selected Studies, Vol. 47, No. 3.
Srinivasan, K. (
1966
).
The “Open Birth-Interval” as an Index of Fertility
.
Journal of Family Welfare (Bombay)
,
13
,
40
44
.
Srinivasan, K. (
1967
).
A Probability Model Applicable to the Study of Inter-Live Birth Intervals and Random Segments of the Same
.
Population Studies
,
21
,
63
70
. 10.2307/2172929
Srinivasan, K. (
1968
).
A Set of Analytical Models for the Study of Open Birth Intervals
.
Demography
,
5
,
34
44
. 10.2307/2060192
Srinivasan, K. (
1970
).
Findings and Implications of a Correlation Analysis of the Closed and the Open Birth Intervals
.
Demography
,
7
,
401
410
. 10.2307/2060233
Sydenstricker, Edgar (
1932
).
A Study of the Fertility of Native White Women in a Rural Area of Western New York
.
Milbank Memorial Fund Quarterly
,
10
,
17
32
. 10.2307/3347492
Public Use Samples of Basic Records from the 1970 Census: Description and Technical Documentation
. (
1972
).
Washington, D. C.
:
U. S. Government Printing Office
.
Venkatacharya, K. (
1972
).
Some Problems in the Use of Open Birth Intervals as Indicators of Fertility Change
.
Population Studies
,
26
,
495
505
. 10.2307/2173824
Westoff, Charles F., Potter, Robert G., & Sagi, Philip C. (
1963
).
The Third Child: A Study in the Prediction of Fertility
.
Princeton
:
Princeton University Press
.
Whelpton, P. K., & Kiser, Clyde V. (
1958
).
Social and Psychological Factors Affecting Fertility
.
New York
:
Milbank Memorial Fund
.