Abstract

This paper attempts to answer several questions about urbanization in New Zealand: (1) How have the paradoxical phenomena of a high level of urbanization and an agriculturally oriented economy coexisted in New Zealand? (2) How do the levels of urbanization in New Zealand and in the other “new countries” of British origin (Australia, Canada, and the United States) compare? (3) Why has New Zealand never had a single dominant metropolis as is commonly found in other countries of its size? (4) How have the sources or urbanization–reclassification, differential natural increase, and migration–influenced the process of urbanization in New Zealand? (5) How has New Zealand’s small population affected its urban proportion? (6) What factors underlie the phenomenal rate of urbanization of New Zealand’s Maori population during the past generation? The analysis covers the period from 1861 to 1971.

The text of this article is only available as a PDF.

References

Australia. Commonwealth Bureau of Census and Statistics. 1967–1969. Census of the Commonwealth of Australia: 1966. Census Bulletins 1–9.
Canada. Dominion Bureau of Statistics. 1967–1969. Census of Canada: 1966. Vol. I and Bulletin S-3.
Davis, Kingsley (
1965
).
The Urbanization of the Human Population
.
Scientific American
,
213
(
3
),
41
53
. 10.1038/scientificamerican0965-40
Gibson, Campbell. 1971. Demographic History of New Zealand. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, University of California.
Mehta, Surinder K. (
1964
).
Some Demographic and Economic Correlates of Primate Cities: A Case for Revaluation
.
Demography
,
1
,
136
147
.
Metge, Alice Joan (
1967
).
The Maoris of New Zealand
.
New York
:
Humanities Press
.
Newman, Alfred K., & Frankland, F. W. (
1882
).
Is New Zealand a Healthy Country? —An Enquiry
.
Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute
,
15
,
493
510
.
New Zealand. Department of Statistics. 1862–1971. Population Censuses from 1861 to 1971.
Rand, McNally (
1972
).
Commercial Atlas and Marketing Guide
.
New York
:
Rand McNally & Co
.
Robinson, K. W. (
1962
).
Processes and Patterns of Urbanisation in Australia and New Zealand
.
New Zealand Geographer
,
18
,
32
49
. 10.1111/j.1745-7939.1962.tb00363.x
S. Bureau of the Census. 1821–1972. Population Censuses from 1820 to 1970.
Weber, Adna (
1899
).
The Growth of Cities in the Nineteenth Century
.
New York
:
Macmillan Co
.