This paper examines differentials in the award of child support by race and marital status and evaluates the impact of the child support enforcement program, begun in 1975, on child support awards. According to data from the 1979 and 1982 March/ April Match Files of the Current Population Survey, never-married mothers are significantly less likely than ever-married mothers to have a child support award; which do, however, cannot readily be explained by our model. Ever-disrupted black marriages resulted in awards considerably less frequently than nonblack marriages, although the enforcement program has had a positive effect.

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