It is generally accepted that socioeconomic differentials in fertility are minimal among urban couples with nonfarm origins—two generation urbanites. In this paper, we replicate Duncan’s (1965) analysis to see if the two generation urbanite hypothesis holds for more recent cohorts of American women. In four cohorts of women, drawn from three recent fertility surveys, we find no support for the two generation urbanite hypothesis. It appears that the links between farm background, socioeconomic status and fertility were different for the low fertility cohorts of women born in the early 1900s and the more recent cohorts of women who experienced the baby boom.

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