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Published: 01 March 2013
Figure 7   Village elementary schools and the so-called substitute teachers, who have no official qualification and receive meager payment, were once the pillars of the basic education in rural areas. In the 1990s, there were more than 3 million rural substitute teachers. However, toward the end More
Image
Published: 01 March 2013
rural China there are increasing numbers of adherents of so-called underground churches ( dixia jiaohui ), sometimes also called “house churches” ( jiating jiaohui ). (Photo: Hunan Province) Figure 5 . Some observers have noted that the spread of Christianity is more vigorous today than at the peak of More
Image
Published: 01 March 2013
Figure 6   In many ways, searching for the vestiges of traditional Chinese society is still easier in rural areas than in big cities, where life is increasingly modernized. This situation also holds for religious revival. One could say that the government no longer considers religion the “opium More
Journal Article
Cultural Politics (1 March 2013) 9 (1): 42–52.
Published: 01 March 2013
...Figure 7   Village elementary schools and the so-called substitute teachers, who have no official qualification and receive meager payment, were once the pillars of the basic education in rural areas. In the 1990s, there were more than 3 million rural substitute teachers. However, toward the end...
Image
Published: 01 March 2013
the countryside. According to a projection, by 2020 urban areas will occupy 96 percent of China's total arable land. China's rural residents will account for less than 4 percent of the total population, although they will be spread over almost two-thirds of the country ( Wu 2010: 20–21 ). (Photo More
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Published: 01 March 2013
Figure 2   County seats are the closest and most relevant “urban centers” in the daily life of rural residents. They provide not only work opportunities in shops, restaurants, simple hotels, and small factories but also modern entertainments like KTV (karaoke nightclubs where people gather with More
Image
Published: 01 March 2013
gatherings. In the late 1950s, however, traditional rural lifestyles and cultures began to be suppressed in the name of Communist ideology. During the “Smash the Four Olds” campaign (1966), the government banned traditional forms of entertainment, but since the 1980s villagers all over China have taken the More
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Published: 01 March 2013
year and a complete change every three years,” vividly describes the impact of this policy in the reconstruction of towns and cities. Traditional houses, built before 1949, are often considered outdated. One of the first things people in rural areas do when they earn enough money is build a new house More
Journal Article
Cultural Politics (1 July 2007) 3 (2): 231–248.
Published: 01 July 2007
... affairs as a quest for political change. Such protest activity is often concerned with the protection of the physical environment and associated lifestyles, it often has a specifically rural focus, and protesters engaged in the defense of a lifestyle are sometimes defined by a middle-class class identity...
Journal Article
Cultural Politics (1 March 2012) 8 (1): 121–137.
Published: 01 March 2012
... ) that not only ignores (recent) nationalist animosities but erases its own part in the history of those animosities. In studies of Serbia under Milošević, turbo-folk is commonly used as a negative label that suggests nationalism, backwardness, rural primitivism, and kitsch culture. Rather than...
Journal Article
Cultural Politics (1 March 2006) 2 (1): 29–48.
Published: 01 March 2006
... Southeast Asia. During the formative decades of US counterinsurgency doctrine, Asia was the primary Cold War battleground, and outside of Japan, Asia was almost entirely agricultural. Its rurality constituted the principal strategic problem for American planners. Intelligence reports portrayed a...
Journal Article
Cultural Politics (1 July 2014) 10 (2): 182–193.
Published: 01 July 2014
... version is that the CCP has sought to achieve this by constructing capitalism off the back of the Maoist system, which not only opposed the market but also denied the modern priority of the urban over the rural. Given this innovation centered on the deliberate creation of the means of capitalism to...
Journal Article
Cultural Politics (1 November 2015) 11 (3): 417–420.
Published: 01 November 2015
... speeches, that rural and small-town communities are somehow more authentically American than cities are. Martin delves deeply into this belief, tracing it back well beyond sloppy political rhetoric to luminaries like Wright and Henry Ford. This historical background transitions seamlessly to a careful...
Journal Article
Cultural Politics (1 July 2015) 11 (2): 201–209.
Published: 01 July 2015
... change in postwar France. Urbanization, inter-nationalization, consumerism, and visual technologies ushered in an era of excitement and wonder, enhancing France’s preeminence as a modernizer and innovator. However, there was another side to this age of relative prosperity. A traditional, rural, peasant...
Journal Article
Cultural Politics (1 March 2008) 4 (1): 100–122.
Published: 01 March 2008
... creates a triangle of Heideggerian bases – rural, urban, and small town – all situated in the area of the Black Forest. In some ways, Meßkirch might have engaged issues in Sharr’s project more forcefully than Freiburg does. For it was Heidegger’s childhood home and final burial place, celebrated in his...
Journal Article
Cultural Politics (1 July 2017) 13 (2): 135–149.
Published: 01 July 2017
..., and assembling deportation forces to round up undocumented immigrants—all of which were said to be impossible—it was widely believed that Trump had no chance of winning. There were, however, armies of angry and alienated voters who turned out on election day, often in record numbers in rural parts of...
Journal Article
Cultural Politics (1 November 2014) 10 (3): 376–388.
Published: 01 November 2014
..., the straightening of riverbeds, the construction of water reservoirs, and other forms of land improvement. In this particular context, Kulturtechnik is usually translated as “rural” or “environmental engineering.” We may note in passing that the tension in the compound has its counterpart in the...
Journal Article
Cultural Politics (1 July 2014) 10 (2): 151–162.
Published: 01 July 2014
.... Increasing volumes of transcript would arrive, undergo processing, and eventually form the information stream. But what then? What could be done with this ceaseless avalanche of paper? Improbably, the small town of Thetford in rural Norfolk became the final destination for the waste of Bletchley. Under...
Journal Article
Cultural Politics (1 March 2006) 2 (1): 5–28.
Published: 01 March 2006
... Sartre provided in the case of deaths of the Africans at the hands of their French employers, and that Genet attempted to resist, as the only space in which politics can be enacted and which has already been determined (calculated ahead of time). The space Genet creates is neither urban nor rural; it is...
Journal Article
Cultural Politics (1 November 2015) 11 (3): 376–383.
Published: 01 November 2015
... barrage opens on February 21 at 7 a.m., Doumenc had converted the old-fashioned Route nationale 109 into the first autobahn. Bar-le-Duc becomes the headquarters of the Commission regulatrice automobile (CRA), which relegates all pedestrians, cyclists, and horse carts to rural dirt roads and reserves the...