In the 1950s and 1960s, the term village served as a cardinal construct in modernization theory and counterinsurgency doctrine, signifying local resistance to the global power of the United States. Nation builders devised two strategies – community development and strategic hamlets – that reveal the attitudes and characteristics they ascribed to the village and its conceptual opposite, the city. The key innovations came from Albert Mayer, a New York real-estate developer who designed the modernist city of Chandigarh and India's village reconstruction scheme. Mayer's ideas persist in forms as diverse as Washington's country-club suburbs and the Pentagon's techniques for urban assault.
“The Target Is the People”: Representations of the Village in Modernization and U.s. National Security Doctrine
NICK CULLATHER IS THE AUTHOR OF ILLUSION OF INFLUENCE: THE POLITICAL ECONOMY OF UNITED STATES-PHILIPPINES RELATIONS (1994), AND SECRET HISTORY: THE CIA'S CLASSIFIED ACCOUNT OF ITS OPERATIONS IN GUATEMALA, 1952–1954 (1999). HE IS A HISTORIAN AT INDIANA UNIVERSITY SPECIALIZING IN US FOREIGN RELATIONS.
Nick Cullather; “The Target Is the People”: Representations of the Village in Modernization and U.s. National Security Doctrine. Cultural Politics 1 March 2006; 2 (1): 29–48. doi: https://doi.org/10.2752/174321906778054637
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