Well, dear Zygmunt, you were a European, indeed you were. That was always a fundamental aspect of your thinking and your work, sometimes explicitly and often subterraneously. And I will say, in this brief acknowledgment of your achievement, that the complexity of your lifelong European entanglement is one of the most interesting aspects of the Bauman oeuvre. In the context of the dramatic and turbulent changes that have been occurring in Europe in the very recent period, since you left us, your dispositions and your gathered thoughts remain to be drawn upon as intellectual resources, but also as more than that, politically, too—for you were always much more than just an academic sociologist.

The Bauman approach to Europe and European issues was various, let us say, working in different modalities. I wouldn’t say that it adds up to a cohesive or unified approach or...

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