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shudra

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Journal Article
Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East (2014) 34 (1): 52–66.
Published: 01 May 2014
... on the was no consistency to the truth of satyashodh. How shudra-­atishudra shetkari (cultivator).3 could Phule claim to have found the truth when These concerns may serve to enrich the exist- he trafficked in so many disparate idioms, rewrote ing historical scholarship on Phule and his legacy. history to suit...
Journal Article
Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East (2023) 43 (1): 122–136.
Published: 01 May 2023
... in the seventeenth century by Shivaji, whose varna 10 status was, and remains, extremely controversial. He claimed the status of Kshatriya, the traditional warrior caste, but many of his Brahman opponents at the time considered him a mere peasant Shudra, the lowest of the four main varnas (so-called...
Journal Article
Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East (2008) 28 (2): 310–325.
Published: 01 August 2008
..., Vivekananda interprets the “revolution” which indicates a topical prevalence of the caste as coinciding with the onset of a “shudra era”: as metaphor in contemporary writings. The em- phasis on the mercantile aspect of the British...
Journal Article
Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East (2013) 33 (3): 398–402.
Published: 01 December 2013
... that divided the academics mas, for instance, is often cited as an example of into theoretical Brahmins and empirical Shudras a philosopher whose theory is legitimized by its (members of the lowest caste). Guru introduces the distance from experience. This view is predicated...
Journal Article
Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East (2019) 39 (1): 184–195.
Published: 01 May 2019
... and Counter-Revolution in India , BAWS 3: 269–70. 27. Ambedkar, “Manu and the Shudras,” BAWS 12:719. 28. Ambedkar, Revolution and Counter-Revolution , BAWS 3:274. 29. Ambedkar, Revolution and Counter-Revolution , BAWS 3:267, 269–71, 276–77. 30. Ambedkar, “Manu...
Journal Article
Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East (1998) 18 (1): 35–51.
Published: 01 May 1998
... not really regret its official Great had a taste of the bravery of the Shudra Army dissolution since he no longer regarded it as his priority when he was advancing to conquer India. He had to to do social work among the employees: go back when confronted with the tribals of the land...
Journal Article
Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East (2014) 34 (1): 2–8.
Published: 01 May 2014
... frames the interwar peregrina- tion, jatibhed, and to justify the destitute living tions of Har Dayal and Tawadu Pang in the essays conditions of the lower castes. Later, Phule will by Elam and Chen, respectively. This awkward rela- challenge the shudra-­atishudra (the lower castes tionship...
Journal Article
Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East (2013) 33 (3): 403–408.
Published: 01 December 2013
.... And it is departure Guru’s polemical lecture on “theoreti- precisely here that Guru and Sarukkai together cal Brahmins and empirical Shudras” dating from (and Guru elsewhere in his work on humiliation5) the mid-­1990s. According to Guru, two irreduc- seek the basis for a new...
Journal Article
Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East (2013) 33 (3): 378–380.
Published: 01 December 2013
...” for retheorizing caste within the framework of a against “empirical Shudras,” with Guru and Saruk- somewhat casually defined “Indian philosophy” kai articulating divergent positions regarding the and points instead to examples such as the cre- relationship between identity and universality. ative...
Journal Article
Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East (2016) 36 (2): 335–337.
Published: 01 August 2016
.... Or they might re- has described as the difference between “theoreti- call his engagement with Karl Marx’s “liberalism” cal Brahmins, and empirical Shudras.”1 Though it and with European thought more generally in the is not his major focus, Chakrabarty alludes...
Journal Article
Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East (1990) 10 (1): 12–22.
Published: 01 May 1990
... to a Drinking the blood of slaves, turning the Shudras personality cult, but it seems that he could not or would into not prevent them.47 As an alternative focus the leader- machines. ship did make an effort to establish the memorial day of As workers...
Journal Article
Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East (1992) 12 (2): 1–24.
Published: 01 August 1992
... of priests, warriors, traders and menials dilemmas confronting the middle class women’s which included the agriculturalists (Brahman, Kshat- movement. riya, Vaishya and Shudra). There is a similarity here to The Pre-Colonial Legacy of Hindustan other systems...
Journal Article
Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East (2018) 38 (2): 310–329.
Published: 01 August 2018
... a British Lake: Piracy, Slaving, and British Imperialism in the Indian Ocean during the First Half of the Nineteenth Century .” In Harms , Indian Ocean Slavery in the Age of Abolition , 45 – 58 . Ambedkar Bhim Rao . Who Were the Shudras? How They Came to Be the Fourth Varna...
Journal Article
Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East (2003) 23 (1-2): 254–270.
Published: 01 August 2003
... of local condi- tions, noted that, “Very few white Europeans would be tom” as a Shudra society.18 Though he speaks about the “untouchability line” in his account, he gives the names able to tell you the names of such towns and villages...
Journal Article
Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East (1989) 9 (1): 56–63.
Published: 01 May 1989
... post-Independence devel- Shudras. Under this system, the Untouchables would opments which affected the growth of Dalit organiza- remain dependent on the caste Hindus for their social tions. The first is the government-sponsored reservation acceptance; power remained completely in the hands...
Journal Article
Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East (2008) 28 (2): 342–350.
Published: 01 August 2008
... resentful of their English mas- 349 world.54 Indeed, it was his cosmopolitan educa- ters and presents the Indian caste system as a tion in colonial Eritrea and his extensive reading hierarchy of cawa, kahnat, gabbar, and sudras in European historiography that enabled Gabra (shudra)—the last an Indian...
Journal Article
Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East (1984) 4 (1): 45–60.
Published: 01 May 1984
... The patidars, who most commonly bear the surname Patel, were originally known as Kanbis and were predominantly an agricultural caste who were given pattis of land (therefore known as Pati- dars) by the Muslim rulers. However, they were considered Shudras and their social status was very low till...
Journal Article
Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East (2012) 32 (1): 255–269.
Published: 01 May 2012
... of their religion?” Maududi in the imagination of Pakistanis since and replied, “Certainly. I should have no objection has never been laid to rest: disquiet over the if the Muslims of India are treated in that form Muslims of India, those who were left behind or of government as shudras and malishes...
Journal Article
Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East (1992) 12 (2): 85–95.
Published: 01 August 1992
... 55 58 penance if the Brahman killed a cat, mongoose, blue ALL INDIA 42 34 54 (17) 47 (11) 62 (9) jay, frog, dog, iguana, owl, cow, or Shudra (Donnelly, Source: World Bank (1989). A res have becn rounded. Rgurcs in 1990). The “caste” factor can take on many forms in () refer...
Journal Article
Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East (1998) 18 (1): 5–20.
Published: 01 May 1998
...? The fourth varna, the Shudras, were tion for change has become too strong in the minds of also excluded from knowledge and power by the millions for backing down. Myriads of daily struggles, dominant classical paradigm. Are the survivals of spectacular or not, sustain this aspiration, which...