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basic

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Journal Article
Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East (2013) 33 (3): 279–294.
Published: 01 December 2013
...Tahir H. Naqvi Pakistan’s first military dictatorship launched the Basic Democracies scheme in 1960, after a bloodless coup that dissolved political parties and legislative institutions. Naqvi’s essay considers how the architects of the “BD system” reconceived the Pakistani nation in response...
Journal Article
Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East (2012) 32 (3): 604–610.
Published: 01 December 2012
...Avadhesh Kumar Singh The interrelatedness of various elements in the universe is an acknowledged phenomenon. It operates in literary discourse in equal measure as a consequence of the basic human urge for sharing one’s experience with others and thereby facilitating contactuality...
Journal Article
Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East (2017) 37 (2): 321–335.
Published: 01 August 2017
... into the precolonial Swahili poetic genre of the utendi . In contrast to previous analyses that have highlighted the appropriation of text to fit local discourses of identity, Vierke argues that the relationship between the Swahili translation and the previous Arabic text is basically aesthetic. Drawing on the concept...
Journal Article
Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East (2011) 31 (1): 34–45.
Published: 01 May 2011
... challenges the clerical oligarchy; the postrevolutionary secular Left and liberal intellectuals tend to be more tolerant and more independent-minded than their predecessors; and a new genre of secular Muslim intellectuals, unlike the Muslim reformers of the past, have begun challenging some basic tenets...
Journal Article
Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East (2011) 31 (1): 69–75.
Published: 01 May 2011
...Behrooz Moazami Two basic related arguments have informed and shaped much of the scholarly discourse and public consciousness of recent Iranian history. The first is that Shiism is an integral part of the Iranian religious and cultural landscape. The second is that the ulema have played a crucial...
Journal Article
Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East (2015) 35 (2): 281–293.
Published: 01 August 2015
... unprecedented metapoetic historiographical prologue, suggesting ways it may reflect and reflect upon a broader aesthetic of history that it shares with royal epigraphy, and pointing out some basic coordinates it takes from a Persianate historical poetry tradition exemplified by Firdawsī's Shāhnāmah . The essay...
Journal Article
Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East (2010) 30 (2): 312–323.
Published: 01 August 2010
... Programme, “About the MDGs: 4. Zambia, Central Statistical Office, “Health Statistics,” Monthly Basics,” 2008, www.undp.org/mdg/basics.shtml. Bulletin 63 (2008): 23, www.zamstats.gov.zm/media.php?id=7. 2. U.S. Central Intelligence Agency...
Journal Article
Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East (2019) 39 (1): 24–36.
Published: 01 May 2019
... framework aimed at offering basic social support to the poor. The elements of this framework included (crucially) a set of targeted grants, “lifeline” allocations for water and electricity, (unevenly) municipal indigent management strategies, and (less crucially) jobs through public-works campaigns...
Journal Article
Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East (2007) 27 (3): 503–508.
Published: 01 December 2007
... reconnected? Basically religion aims to reconnect humans with the divine or “God,” “God,” or divine the with humans reconnect to aims religion Basically reconnected? Latin the from bout the term (Athens: Political and Essays Social Political...
Journal Article
Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East (2020) 40 (3): 507–525.
Published: 01 December 2020
... not come to people? 32 Because of the prevalence of illiteracy, underdevelopment, and superstition, Ayub Khan argued that postindependence Pakistan was not ready for “total democracy” as practiced in the West. Rather, he contended that Pakistan needed “basic democracy,” a rudimentary form in which...
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Journal Article
Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East (2005) 25 (2): 450–465.
Published: 01 August 2005
... ot17 oiiso etBengal West of Politics Post-1977 the in Federalism Indian in Discrimination of Issue The olto oenetldb h omns at fIndia Congress. of Bangla called Party Congress the Communist of faction the a anti-Congress and by (Marxist) short-lived a led basically government was coalition...
Journal Article
Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East (1991) 11 (1_and_2): 62–68.
Published: 01 August 1991
... of that valuable “essence,” autonomy of their personal law and establishment of distortions that can be corrected by once again minority educational institutions, even when funded by highlighting the basic unity of all religions. the state, besides picking up leaders of minority groups The specific...
Journal Article
Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East (1984) 4 (2): 48–55.
Published: 01 August 1984
...-out in all directions. Basically a narrow muddy street land for survival reasons, rather to earn surplus money and to passes through the villages dividing both villages into two exert influence over others. For small farmers and landless segments. Most of the houses are built...
Journal Article
Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East (2019) 39 (1): 49–62.
Published: 01 May 2019
... interparty and intraparty competition has affected its dynamics. Together these factors have also laid the groundwork for frequent indignant protest action—by members of the marginalized majority in urban areas as well as rural municipalities—to seek basics such as housing, water, sanitation, and electricity...
Journal Article
Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East (2006) 26 (1): 63–74.
Published: 01 May 2006
... should note, despite important Iraq out of Kuwait and its elimination of Iraq’s changes of emphasis, the book did not mod- sophisticated weapons and capacity to produce ify or abandon Huntington’s basic approach: such weapons.” Apart from the example of Iraq, namely, the equation of contemporary...
Journal Article
Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East (1981) 1 (2): 1–14.
Published: 01 August 1981
... on the following bases: izedmuchof India. Modern industry, limited (1) The industrial revolution in England to a few enclaves, grew slowly and basically followed on the destruction of the Indian failed to lead India out of its backward textile industry through heavy tariff bar- state. From...
Journal Article
Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East (1986) 6 (2): 34–37.
Published: 01 August 1986
.... President J .R. J ayewardene, even whether State controlled or not, have basically been active in early January 1985, had been toying with the idea of en- in propagating this perspective, although allowances have ev- hanced powers for the district councils and limited amalga- ery now...
Journal Article
Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East (1988) 8 (1_and_2): 116–118.
Published: 01 August 1988
... that the people remained powerless and thus stitutional, against the scheme and the basic structure of the continued to be exploited. Constitution as embodied in the Preamble and in Parts I1 and I11 of the Constitution, which aim to secure...
Journal Article
Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East (2013) 33 (3): 268–271.
Published: 01 December 2013
... means that the First World was not simply the place where knowledge was located. More important, because knowledge was located and managed in the First World (basically Germany, England, France, and the United States  —  and basically English, French, and German languages...
Journal Article
Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East (1988) 8 (1_and_2): 12–19.
Published: 01 August 1988
... of basic necessities declaration, there is little evidence of the implementation of such as food, shelter, health care, education and so forth. these policies to any significant degree. In Pakistan, if On the other hand there is growth calculated by individual anything, predatory labor practices have...