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Ayub Khan

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Journal Article
Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East (2020) 40 (3): 507–525.
Published: 01 December 2020
.... President Ayub Khan's two ambitious urban projects—Islamabad, the new capital city of Pakistan and Ayub-Nagar (renamed Sher-e-Bangla Nagar), and a second capitol complex in East Pakistan—brought together local and foreign stakeholders with differing interpretations of the idea of “Pakistan.” A significant...
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Journal Article
Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East (1985) 5 (2): 1–7.
Published: 01 August 1985
... by a 'ministry of all military oligarchy has presided over the affairs of the talents' (technocrats) in which the head of the armed forces, Pakistani state. Politicians who took over the reigns of General Ayub Khan appeared for the first time as minister government at the time of independence from...
Journal Article
Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East (1988) 8 (1_and_2): 27–32.
Published: 01 August 1988
... of public policy.' The struggle states to tag themselves "socialist." One such government amongst the dominant forces in Pakistan continued unabated was that of Zulfw Ali Bhutto in Pakistan. Not only did until Field Marshall Ayub Khan (then a General) intervened Bhutto acquire the nomenclature...
Journal Article
Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East (1988) 8 (1_and_2): 33–45.
Published: 01 August 1988
... of the population. Any assertion of ethnic iden- The Ayub Era and the Alienation of the Muhairs tity was frowned upon, and every citizen was expected to General Ayub Khan's ascent to power through a military identify himself only as a Pakistani. This approach suited coup d'etat in late 1958 represented...
Journal Article
Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East (1988) 8 (1_and_2): 12–19.
Published: 01 August 1988
... by the "first decade of of alleviating poverty while improving productivity at the development" under the rule of Gen. (later Field Marshal) same time.6 The Iu) declaration differs from other versions Ayub Khan when the, country became securely tied into a of the BNS in that it clearly spells out...
Journal Article
Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East (1997) 17 (2): 108–117.
Published: 01 August 1997
...-in-Chief of the Armed Forces Gen. Ayub Khan the new phase of imperialism. Ironically there was emerged as the most powerful figures who began to hardly any state structure in the two distant areas of the foster Pakistan’s neo-colonial ties with the United subcontinent which became Pakistan...
Journal Article
Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East (1981) 1 (2): 64–66.
Published: 01 August 1981
... The departure of the left saw the indicates, who ironically took one year to second period of Bhutto's raj (1974-1977), remove Ayub Khan, that successfully saw to which Burki tags: "Economic Decision Making the removal of Bhutto four months after his Without Constraints". It is this period...
Journal Article
Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East (1981) 1 (2): 27–35.
Published: 01 August 1981
... of the or of popular demands for social change military in Pakistan defies any progressive 28 interpretation. In 1958, General Ayub Khan's The officers of the state who oversaw coup d'etat initiated ten years of hated dic- revenue collection had...
Journal Article
Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East (1991) 11 (1_and_2): 101–109.
Published: 01 August 1991
... therefore not a threat to the evolutionary process motion of an electorally-based democratic process is an of their emancipation. General Ayub Khan’s military indication of the growing maturity of the two government had enacted the Family Laws Ordinance in organizations...
Journal Article
Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East (1990) 10 (2): 32–41.
Published: 01 August 1990
... that unlike Ayub Khan, Zia al- broaden his support. After Zia came to power in April 1977, the constitution was simultaneously amended, ways felt the necessity for political parties.25 Zia once commented that the “political vacuum” in the country...
Journal Article
Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East (2013) 33 (3): 279–294.
Published: 01 December 2013
... Ayub and access to resources, including the legitimate Khan.8 Specifically, I consider the official dis- means of violence.11 Such contests, it is argued, courses of justification and the spatial logics of au- originate in the failure of the All-­India Muslim...
Journal Article
Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East (1988) 8 (1_and_2): 116–118.
Published: 01 August 1988
... Kishoreganj Sangbad March 14, 1988 . 6. Ms. Sultana Begum, d/o late Shahzadi Begum and late 7. That General Ershad, at the Lalbagh Shahi Mosque on Mohammad Ayub Khan of 5/13, Block -F, Lalmatia, P.S. 10.6.1988 after "Jllmrna Prayer" told the congregation that Mohammedpur...
Journal Article
Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East (2008) 28 (2): 291–309.
Published: 01 August 2008
...- was a scholarly friend of Prince Muhammad Fiction temporary society. Ayub Khan, who fled Afghanistan from Amir Mir Abdur Rahman Khan. Tarzi was also a student...
Journal Article
Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East (1990) 10 (2): 9–17.
Published: 01 August 1990
... to influence the laws (Family Laws Ordinance 1961)3 of General polity is largely due to the failure of progressive forces Mohammad Ayub Khan or the retrogressive ones of to provide “alternative ideologies capable of realistically General Zia-ul-Haq (Hudood Ordinances 1979, Law of coping with social...
Journal Article
Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East (1984) 4 (2): 11–21.
Published: 01 August 1984
... and civil servants in the West, gave way These civil servants represented petit bourgeois urban and to Ayub Khan in 1958 who enunciated an economic rather rural landowning interests as appointment to government was than political strategy for integrating Pakistan.2...
Journal Article
Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East (1999) 19 (1): 168–170.
Published: 01 May 1999
... opinion. Now, the Muslim nation of anti-Islamic. While they succeeded, ultimately, in es- Pakistan downplayed Sindh’s separate identity, espe- tablishing literary studies at various institutions of cially during Ayub Khan’s regime, when West Pakistan higher learning and in enhancing the vibrant...
Journal Article
Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East (1996) 16 (2): 10–15.
Published: 01 August 1996
... of their cul- tem of the state. The example of the first was the case tural practices, including their religious observances. of Bengali autonomy in East Pakistan in the early This in no way means that the entire Muslim popula- 1970s. The military regimes of Generals Ayub Khan tion of India follows...
Journal Article
Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East (2008) 28 (3): 467–472.
Published: 01 December 2008
..., 2 8  –  4 8 . under General Mohammed Ayub Khan. Then, leadership “inherited the centralized model of in 1962, General Khan proposed a new con- government, and, quite unconsciously, adopted 469 stitution, and succumbing to religious forces, it for Pakistan without making...
Journal Article
Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East (1989) 9 (2): 76–78.
Published: 01 August 1989
... the head of the Jamaat-e-Islami came in 1947). During Jin- (cf. p. 128). nah’s, Liaqat’s and Ayub Khan’s reigns, the ulema did not Chapter 9 examines the future of WAF. As for many or- have much power. The secular Z. A Bhutto tried to win over ganizations, growth creates the need to organize...
Journal Article
Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East (1982) 2 (2): 1–11.
Published: 01 August 1982
...- was recorded by the Bureau of Emigration. out the country which eventually led to As such, it does not account for the substan- the downfall of the dictatorship of Field tial number of unofficial and illegal mig- Marshall Ayub Khan in 1969. An interim rants. martial law government led...