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Journal Article
Critical AI (2023) 1 (1-2)
Published: 01 October 2023
... fundamentally—of the many millions of people and communities subject to copyright infringement, nonconsensual use of data, bias, environmental harms, and the low-wage and high-stress modes of “human in the loop” through which systems for probabilistic mimicry improve their performance in an imitation game...
Journal Article
Critical AI (2023) 1 (1-2)
Published: 01 October 2023
... systems and do so in a way that is very akin to design justice principles, which are informed by and led by the people who are most likely to experience those harms. There are also so many legislative proposals now, and they're happening at multiple levels. At the city level, we've got New York City...
Journal Article
Critical AI (2023) 1 (1-2)
Published: 01 October 2023
... regulatory agencies in determining what are and are not appropriate uses for machine learning. “The aim of a people's council on AI,” he writes, “is to create a circuit-breaker, where the complexities of situated knowledge can be counterpoised to pre-emptive AI solutionism” (128). One is hard-pressed...
Journal Article
Critical AI (2023) 1 (1-2)
Published: 01 October 2023
... in these centers as an invasion of privacy; rather they “perceived [them] as tools that allowed people to feel comfortable, have protection and be themselves” (62). The waiting rooms in these centers serve as what Nemer calls an information ground “where people shared their life experiences, technical expertise...
Journal Article
Critical AI (2023) 1 (1-2)
Published: 01 October 2023
... more AI students than there were AI students in all the rest of the world combined.’ By the end of the semester, he'd raised another $5 million and was standing in front of the Digital Life Design conference in Munich, promising a world in which education was nearly free, available to poor people...
Journal Article
Critical AI (2023) 1 (1-2)
Published: 01 October 2023
... life affect their status. To answer these questions, Botting turns not to science or philosophy but to fiction, especially the works of Mary Shelley. Probably no single text has influenced how people think about artificial life and artificial intelligence as profoundly as Shelley's 1818 masterpiece...
Journal Article
Critical AI (2023) 1 (1-2)
Published: 01 October 2023
... alternative to Zuboff's “behavioral surplus.” Both theories point to a lucrative process of “sorting and slotting people into categories and ranks” (14). But rather than allege a wholly new means of behavioral modification, Fourcade and Healy perceive the amplification of existing socioeconomic and moral...
Journal Article
Critical AI (2023) 1 (1-2)
Published: 01 October 2023
...), as for us, Bourdieu's account of “people's differentiated dispositions and practical habits” and of the “forms of social advantage and disadvantages” that these dispositions produce in social practice offers a powerful framework with which to understand how the moral marking of markets comes to feel natural...
Journal Article
Critical AI (2023) 1 (1-2)
Published: 01 October 2023
... in its industrial and networked forms. However, she also sees shame in a more positive light and insists on its potential to do social good. Reference points for shame's positive uses are the clown rituals of the Pueblo people in the American Southwest. In such rituals, behavior that transgresses...
Journal Article
Critical AI (2023) 1 (1-2)
Published: 01 October 2023
... represents the world as it is “commonly seen” by “most people.” If, as Daston and Galison ( 2007 : 187) suggest, the ideal for mechanical objectivity is “non-intervention,” it is hardly surprising that Flickr snapshots gradually became the favored genre of uploaded photographic production for use in datasets...
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Journal Article
Critical AI (2023) 1 (1-2)
Published: 01 October 2023
... that revise social norms to produce opportunities for exploitation. In each case, a new technological affordance alters behaviors and norms to create a new opening for a business to fill. So much of the experience of browsing the web is scrolling through sorted lists: lists of people, places, objects...
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