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persian

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Journal Article
Comparative Literature (2019) 71 (3): 272–297.
Published: 01 September 2019
...). Bākīkhānūf’s historical work conceptualizes community outside the framework of the nation, while conjoining distinctive strands of epistemic and cultural cosmopolitanism. As I explore Bākīkhānūf’s historical writing, I consider how the Persianate literary tradition of which he partakes advance a cosmopolitan...
Journal Article
Comparative Literature (2012) 64 (1): 73–92.
Published: 01 March 2012
... in Iran — the motherland of the Persian language and culture that pervades Urdu — for his cultural past, but what he finds instead is an extension of his colonial present. The Urdu literary establishment at this time was dominated by progressive ( taraqqi pasand ) critics, who promoted a Hindustani...
Journal Article
Comparative Literature (2021) 73 (1): 41–60.
Published: 01 March 2021
... into the richly ambiguous Indo-Persian literary and cultural idiom. The article examines the ambiguities introduced into Faiz’s text through intertextuality with this idiom derived from the Persian dastān and Urdu ghazel traditions. With the help of both direct and indirect allusion to those traditions, Faiz’s...
Journal Article
Comparative Literature (2022) 74 (1): 25–51.
Published: 01 March 2022
... of the ghazal as both transhistorical and transnational rely on a discourse of “worlding” as an imperial project of cultural recovery and homogenization. In contrast, this article employs the methodology of historical poetics to argue via a reading of meta-ghazals in Persian, Urdu, and English that reading...
Journal Article
Comparative Literature (2015) 67 (4): 345–374.
Published: 01 December 2015
... Kumkum . “The Persianization of ‘Itihasa’: Performance Narratives and Mughal Political Culture in Eighteenth-Century Bengal.” The Journal of Asian Studies 67 . 2 ( 2008 ): 513 – 43 . Print . Chaturman Kaith Raizada . Akhbār al-navādir ma‘rūf bih Chahār gulshan . Ed. Chandrashekhar...
Journal Article
Comparative Literature (2002) 54 (2): 145–164.
Published: 01 March 2002
..., dedicated study of Oriental philosophy and culture, and of the Chinese, Japanese and Persian languages. Despite the fact that Judith never 3 Even Slobodniuk, who in principle rejects the primacy of Western influence in Gumilev’s “Ori- ental works,” makes an exception for The Porcelain Pavilion...
Journal Article
Comparative Literature (2021) 73 (4): 421–441.
Published: 01 December 2021
... on the origins of flamenco. 9 The Arabic poems in Conde de Noroña’s anthology range from the pre-Islamic period ( ante-Islam ) to the Andalusi period in the fourteenth century, and also include translations of Persian and Turkish poetry. In this anthology, Lorca would have mostly encountered fragments...
Journal Article
Comparative Literature (2006) 58 (4): 293–312.
Published: 01 September 2006
.... Translated into Syriac, the source for eastern versions of the tale, it found its way to Ethiopia, Mongolia, and Persia in further translations and adap- tations.3 Particularly through its Persian interpreters, of whom the celebrated poets Firdawsi (941-1019) and Nizami (1140-1203) are the best known...
Journal Article
Comparative Literature (2021) 73 (3): 270–288.
Published: 01 September 2021
... 0.50% — Catalan 0.50% 2.27% Chinese 1.49% 1.52% Danish 0.50% — English 30.35% 10.61% French 20.90% 12.12% Galician — 5.30% German 11.44% 6.06% Greek 2.99% 3.79% Hebrew 0.50% — Italian 4.98% 2.27% Latin 9.95% 4.55% Persian — 0.76% Polish...
Journal Article
Comparative Literature (2020) 72 (2): 114–127.
Published: 01 June 2020
.... In Paradise Lost , impassivity signals the power of angels. In Hellas , the Greek Chorus imagines it as a limit to “absolute” power. Shelley wrote his lyrical drama on the war of Greek independence quickly, during the first few weeks of October 1821. Based in part on Aeschylus’ The Persians , in which...
Journal Article
Comparative Literature (2013) 65 (1): 46–61.
Published: 01 March 2013
... a language that is at once poetic, his- torical, and philosophical. Furthermore, by deliberately bringing Sanskrit words and diction into Bengali poetry to overcome metrical problems, mingling these forms with an idiomatic vernacular as well as with words and phrases imported from Arabic and Persian...
Journal Article
Comparative Literature (2022) 74 (2): 156–170.
Published: 01 June 2022
... rice dish, the European chair, and the Persian tray; the “best betel,” however, which completes the list, is characterized as coming from the Swahili heartland, namely Siyu, Pate island, and Ozi, in the Tana delta, the mystical homeland of Fumo Liyongo, the geographic core of the Swahili sagas...
Journal Article
Comparative Literature (2021) 73 (3): 255–269.
Published: 01 September 2021
... in the tenth century, had an honorable life in Arabic, Persian, Hebrew, and other languages in West Asia, North Africa, and Spain, where it influenced Spanish picaresque fiction, Lazarillo de Tormes , and Don Quixote , whose author famously attributed the book’s authorship to the fictional Arab historian...
Journal Article
Comparative Literature (2022) 74 (2): 247–263.
Published: 01 June 2022
... Ho to Nurfadzilah Yahaya have shown us circuits of trade enmeshed with notions of cosmopolitanism, religious practices, and legal cultures. In Yahaya’s telling, Arab and Persian merchants transited from the western Indian Ocean to ports across the Malaya archipelago from the seventh century onward...
Journal Article
Comparative Literature (2018) 70 (2): 114–131.
Published: 01 June 2018
... colonialism played in inventing the vernaculars of “Hindi” (purged of Arabic and Persian influences) and “Hindustani,” from which modern Hindi and Urdu, respectively, descend (see 117–30 ). We hear it too, in a different key, in Moradewun Adejunmobi’s Vernacular Palaver , which assumes the locality...
Journal Article
Comparative Literature (2021) 73 (2): 225–236.
Published: 01 June 2021
... of Hormuz, the stretch of water separating Iran from the Arabian Peninsula (see fig. 1 ). This choke point connecting the Persian Gulf to the Gulf of Oman (and thereby to the Arabian Sea and the open ocean) is a site of the utmost geopolitical importance, given that it is through here that is shipped...
FIGURES
Journal Article
Comparative Literature (2020) 72 (3): 283–298.
Published: 01 September 2020
... , but also with at least one language that could lay claim to cosmopolitan universalism. Sanskrit was for millennia the exemplification of such a language, but in medieval times Persian came to be viewed in a similar light. It needs to be noted here that the patterns I am describing are by no means...
FIGURES
Journal Article
Comparative Literature (2000) 52 (3): 213–227.
Published: 01 June 2000
... read- ing of the medieval Persian poet Hafiz. Drawing on both topical and structural features in the Persian’s poetry, and even striving to appropriate certain features in his language, the Divan represents Goethe’s attempt at the “completion and confirmation” of the poetic self, a self enacted...
Journal Article
Comparative Literature (2001) 53 (4): 298–314.
Published: 01 September 2001
... of peace, this statement ignores the numerous limited, undeclared, and proxy wars in which it has been involved during the last half of the twentieth century. These military activities did not diminish with the end of the cold war; recent highly visible examples include the Persian Gulf War...
Journal Article
Comparative Literature (2014) 66 (4): 375–398.
Published: 01 December 2014
... translate and then read a letter they have obtained from the Persians). In addition, although in the cited passage Lucian mocks a writer’s excessive Atticism, he was himself a participant in an Atticizing movement. Lucian’s goal is to archaize, while Seferis aims to modernize or at least react...