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structuralism

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Journal Article
Common Knowledge (2002) 8 (2): 421.
Published: 01 April 2002
... and New Worlds that claim the most direct descent from the cultures of Greece and Rome. Classical art is unmistak- able, readily defined in terms of the real and the ideal, the emotional and the nar- rative, the structured and the mathematical. Yet it remains susceptible...
Journal Article
Common Knowledge (2016) 22 (1): 81–104.
Published: 01 January 2016
... interpretive schools there is a pronounced tendency to rely on simple naturalist epistemology. In contrast, this article offers an interpretation focusing on the structural foundations of violent action. Instead of tracing violent or nonviolent behavior to “human nature,” the origins of violence are linked...
Journal Article
Common Knowledge (2016) 22 (3): 415–430.
Published: 01 September 2016
...Patrice Maniglier Structuralism is often associated with a program, in keeping with the Durkheimian tradition, of reducing social norms to a kind of causality. On this reading, Émile Durkheim's collective representations became, in Claude Lévi-Strauss' work, cognitive or logical constraints. If so...
Journal Article
Common Knowledge (2016) 22 (3): 393–414.
Published: 01 September 2016
... of this position in the ethnographic fieldwork that he undertook in the 1980s with the Awareté of northwestern Brazil and in his and the anthropologist Philippe Descola's parallel engagements with the structuralism of Claude Lévi-Strauss. Finally, Viveiros de Castro addresses the political stakes of ascribing...
Journal Article
Common Knowledge (2019) 25 (1-3): 76–91.
Published: 01 April 2019
... with an analysis of its classic illustration in Plato’s Theaetetus as leveled by Socrates against Protagoras’s “Man is the measure . . ,” the essay considers various aspects of the charge, including its paradigmatic theatrical staging, its frequent pedagogic restaging, its logical and rhetorical structure, its...
Journal Article
Common Knowledge (2013) 19 (3): 518–529.
Published: 01 August 2013
... past. It blurs agency and overwhelming structural inequality. It is a set of categories that people define for themselves and that, at the same time, others — strangers, neighbors, government officials — relentlessly impose upon them. For four hundred years, the meaning of racial categories in North...
Journal Article
Common Knowledge (2014) 20 (2): 265–272.
Published: 01 April 2014
.... Zwicky's experimental deployment of polyphonic textual structures to render her conception of a patterned and resonant whole is, Hobbs argues, part of a tradition, going back to ancient Greece, of radical philosophers struggling to express themselves without pragmatic self-refutation. In particular, Hobbs...
Journal Article
Common Knowledge (2014) 20 (1): 28–45.
Published: 01 January 2014
... structural relations. This is a term that Max Wertheimer, one of the founders of gestalt philosophical psychology, used independently to describe how seeing-as involves seeing into a thing or situation. The present essay suggests that both seeing-as and seeing-into depend on, and develop, sensitivity...
Journal Article
Common Knowledge (2008) 14 (3): 365–373.
Published: 01 August 2008
..., rudimentary structure; together with fellow cephalopoda and mollusks, it is even regarded as behaving “contrary to nature.” The moral that emerges from following this path is that Aristotle may be expressing here a deep conflict between two different models equally present in his work, though...
Journal Article
Common Knowledge (2008) 14 (3): 424–433.
Published: 01 August 2008
... at the moment when European explorers were beginning to reveal the real size and complexity of earth itself (indeed, Bruno also spoke forcefully against the violence and profiteering of Spanish colonial efforts) and when natural philosophers had begun to dispute about the very structure of the universe. It may...
Journal Article
Common Knowledge (2018) 24 (3): 405–414.
Published: 01 August 2018
... transformative experience of well-structured debate among students with opposing viewpoints, each committed to deep reading and careful thought about both history and present-day politics. Copyright © 2018 by Duke University Press 2018 fascism Nazism classroom Trump student participation ...
Journal Article
Common Knowledge (2019) 25 (1-3): 92–103.
Published: 01 April 2019
... involve the redirection of humanity away from its self-understanding as progressively approaching a metaphysical truth that is eternal and toward the acceptance of an already existing “polytheism of values,” where truth is a contingent and changing product of discursiveness. A society that structures its...
Journal Article
Common Knowledge (2010) 16 (2): 247–275.
Published: 01 April 2010
... Rowlandson's captivity during King Philip's War in the 17th century and, in particular, her strategies for surviving the breakdown of every basic taxonomy that had until then structured her life in Puritan New England. Refusing either suicide or rebellion and thus reduced to maintaining “bare life,” Rowlandson...
Journal Article
Common Knowledge (2011) 17 (2): 375–382.
Published: 01 April 2011
... is conceived in terms of social obligations, of guilt and sin, of revenge, and as a plot that structures the narrative of human life. Instead of simply looking to the archaic meanings of debt for its shadow side, this review attempts to take stock of what the recent credit crisis can teach us about the place...
Journal Article
Common Knowledge (2012) 18 (2): 229–238.
Published: 01 April 2012
.... Analytic logic structures its organization of discourse around negation, contraries, and hence arguments forcing a conclusion to follow (under threat of inconsistency) from some premises. Dialectical logic's main tool is the construction of narratives, hence the attempted incorporation of interlocutors...
Journal Article
Common Knowledge (2013) 19 (2): 224–236.
Published: 01 April 2013
... of mathematics as a culture corresponds to the author's personal experience — and mathematics, he argues, is both historically old and simply structured, despite the formidable complexity of mathematical knowledge as it has been compiled over the centuries. The preserving, restructuring, and enlarging...
Journal Article
Common Knowledge (2016) 22 (2): 277–283.
Published: 01 May 2016
... system and the social order that it secretes are structured like a war: our master narrative figures human life as an affair of winners and losers. Children need encouragement to question and bypass the master narrative by rethinking and rewriting traditional tales, fables, myths, and even epics...
Journal Article
Common Knowledge (2015) 21 (3): 379–389.
Published: 01 September 2015
...Ermanno Bencivenga Urban gaming simulation (UGS) appeared in American universities in the early 1960s, following the successful applications of gaming simulations in military and financial fields, when urban structures were in crisis. This guest column, by a philosopher who has speculated about...
Journal Article
Common Knowledge (2014) 20 (3): 511–517.
Published: 01 August 2014
...” of Catholics and dissenters came about in Britain must be told by narrating the “hard” histories of various state structures, but there is a larger and “softer” history of Enlightenment to be extracted from that of the European ancien régime, in whose history and downfall “British history” has a part that can...
Journal Article
Common Knowledge (2015) 21 (2): 236–252.
Published: 01 April 2015
... or at best allow harm to endure. In this discourse, social disruption must act as signifier for more general (structural and systemic) violence—but then is repressed on exactly the same terms, making it difficult to arrive at solutions for conflict on the ground without renouncing calls for justice...