In 1872, The Birth of Tragedy appeared and almost immediately gave rise to one of the greatest controversies and quarrels in the history of learning. Ulrich von Wilamowitz-Moellendorff attacked Nietzsche's book with savage irony and narrow professional objections. Nietzsche's colleague and friend Erwin Rohde defended the book, as did the composer Richard Wagner. In this essay, I examine the major issues underlying the ideological assumptions of the classicists in the German tradition of the period. I also address the unprecedented originality of Nietzsche's work as it still affects the future of the philological imagination.
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Marie-Rose Logan; Is Zarathustra No Longer a Scholar? The Future of Philology. boundary 2 1 August 2010; 37 (3): 79–89. doi: https://doi.org/10.1215/01903659-2010-018
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