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transportation history

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Published: 20 March 2015
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7559-3
... transportation history tourism industry easy travel grand tour Thomas Cook ...
Published: 20 March 2015
DOI: 10.1215/9780822375593-007
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7559-3
... of the English aristocracy in the eighteenth century and follows it through the explosion of middle-class tourism in the twentieth century. The chapter also ponders the future of travel in the age of globalization and environmental peril. transportation history tourism industry easy travel grand tour...
Published: 20 March 2015
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7559-3
... it through the explosion of middle-class tourism in the twentieth century. The chapter also ponders the future of travel in the age of globalization and environmental peril. transportation history tourism industry easy travel grand tour Thomas Cook The history of photography is deeply...
Published: 17 February 2017
DOI: 10.1215/9780822373360-002
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7336-0
...Energy <italic>with</italic> Conscience Trinidad’s eighteenth-century plantations provoked the most profound energy transition yet seen. The Spanish colonial governor, Josef Chacón, invented fuel. A fuel stores energy in a measurable, countable, transportable, and salable form. Fuel...
Series: The Latin America Readers
Published: 06 July 2018
DOI: 10.1215/9780822371618-082
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7161-8
..., such as domestic service, transporting the landlord’s produce to the city, and selling it there. The services abolished also included those that peasants in free communities were obliged to perform for local state authorities, such as transporting the mail on foot or on horseback, which were often illegally...
Series: The Latin America Readers
Published: 06 July 2018
DOI: 10.1215/9780822371618-045
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7161-8
... for transportation and communication were lamentable. The population was minimal in size and prone to emigration to Argentina, and the towns mostly sleepy. Economic activity was sluggish and limited in scope. The Franciscan missions and the Standard Oil Company exercised more presence in the region than did...
Series: The Latin America Readers
Published: 07 April 2017
DOI: 10.1215/9780822373186-042
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7318-6
... decade or so as the city expanded in every direction. Many in Lima lamented this “invasion,” deepening the romanticized view of the colonial period. While it certainly posed problems in terms of housing, transportation, jobs, and other services, the mass migration also made Lima an even more diverse...
Series: The Latin America Readers
Published: 06 July 2018
DOI: 10.1215/9780822371618-009
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7161-8
..., and industry. The extensive linear causeways (which he deemed “bridges”) and adjacent canals were huge environmental engineering efforts that allowed the transportation of goods and people despite the challenges of seasonal flooding. Eder marveled that the massive and numerous earthworks and palisades...
Series: The Latin America Readers
Published: 06 July 2018
DOI: 10.1215/9780822371618-145
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7161-8
... exploitation and to build up transportation infrastructure for national and international commerce also generated friction with local indigenous communities claiming their own territorial rights, as seen in the conflict over the Isiboro-Sécure National Park and Indigenous Territory ( tipnis...
Series: The Latin America Readers
Published: 06 July 2018
DOI: 10.1215/9780822371618-134
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7161-8
... In mid-2003, news began to filter out about a state plan to allow foreign corporations to extract natural gas from recently discovered and valuable reserves and to transport it through Chile, Bolivia’s historic adversary, to consumers in California. A broad range of social movements began...
Series: The Latin America Readers
Published: 06 July 2018
DOI: 10.1215/9780822371618-008
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7161-8
..., with a small share preserved for the local field hands. The tambo , or way station, in Paria was the key storage site and transportation link on the royal road to Cuzco. Witnesses noted that many mitimaes took flight and sought refuge back in their altiplano homelands during the tumultuous time of Spanish...
Series: The Latin America Readers
Published: 06 July 2018
DOI: 10.1215/9780822371618-044
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7161-8
... by the Bolivian diplomat Ignacio Calderón (1848–1927) in 1906, conceived of modernization as the replacement of the animal caravans that had long traversed the Andean landscape with the new Anglo-American-financed mode of mechanized transportation. Calderón was the representative in Washington for the Liberal...
Series: The Latin America Readers
Published: 06 July 2018
DOI: 10.1215/9780822371618-002
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7161-8
... the impressive surpluses were claimed by the state and exported by llama caravan for redistribution, with a small share preserved for the local field hands. The tambo , or way station, in Paria was the key storage site and transportation link on the royal road to Cuzco. Witnesses noted that many mitimaes took...
Series: The Latin America Readers
Published: 06 July 2018
DOI: 10.1215/9780822371618-073
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7161-8
... that the influence of “Indian blood” in the veins of Bolivia’s population represented the “first step toward true national greatness.” Adela Zamudio, the preeminent female literary figure in Bolivian history, was born in Cochabamba to an upper-class family in 1854. Beginning in the 1880s, in the aftermath...
Series: The Latin America Readers
Published: 06 July 2018
DOI: 10.1215/9780822371618-037
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7161-8
... Calderón (1848–1927) in 1906, conceived of modernization as the replacement of the animal caravans that had long traversed the Andean landscape with the new Anglo-American-financed mode of mechanized transportation. Calderón was the representative in Washington for the Liberal administrations of Ismael...
Series: The Latin America Readers
Published: 06 July 2018
DOI: 10.1215/9780822371618-120
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7161-8
..., who proposed a reinterpretation of biblical and other texts in the context of concrete sociocultural situations. These Aymara believers “reread” the history of the biblical salvation of the Israelites, applying it to their own history and present situation, with the twist that their oppressors were...
Series: The Latin America Readers
Published: 06 July 2018
DOI: 10.1215/9780822371618-136
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7161-8
... in the assembly, and running battles between urban protestors and police and the military culminated in the deaths of at least three people and the forced exile of the pro- mas prefect of Chuquisaca. Félix Llanquipacha’s Sucre Must Be Respected, Damnit!!! , a semi-offcial history commissioned by the municipal...
Book Chapter

By Kathleen Diffley
Published: 03 April 2002
DOI: 10.1215/9780822385967-026
EISBN: 978-0-8223-8596-7
..., “ ‘Desperate Characters’: The Development and Impact of the Confederate Guerrillas in Kansas,” Kansas History 14 (1991): 144–61; and Michael Fellman, Inside War: The Guerrilla Conflict in Missouri During the American Civil War (New York: Oxford University Press, 1989), especially 3–22. The most reliable...
Book Chapter

By Kathleen Diffley
Published: 03 April 2002
DOI: 10.1215/9780822385967-003
EISBN: 978-0-8223-8596-7
..., “ ‘Desperate Characters’: The Development and Impact of the Confederate Guerrillas in Kansas,” Kansas History 14 (1991): 144–61; and Michael Fellman, Inside War: The Guerrilla Conflict in Missouri During the American Civil War (New York: Oxford University Press, 1989), especially 3–22. The most reliable...
Book Chapter

By Kathleen Diffley
Published: 03 April 2002
DOI: 10.1215/9780822385967-033
EISBN: 978-0-8223-8596-7
..., “ ‘Desperate Characters’: The Development and Impact of the Confederate Guerrillas in Kansas,” Kansas History 14 (1991): 144–61; and Michael Fellman, Inside War: The Guerrilla Conflict in Missouri During the American Civil War (New York: Oxford University Press, 1989), especially 3–22. The most reliable...