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Published: 21 May 2021
EISBN: 978-1-4780-1302-0
...Arabic terms have been translated and transliterated using a simplified version of the International Journal of Middle Eastern Studies conventions. For Arabic names and place-names, I have followed the most common En glish transliterations. NOTE ON TRANSLATION AND TRANSLITERATION ...
Published: 10 April 2020
EISBN: 978-1-4780-0758-6
...A Note on Transliteration and Translation I use the common transliteration of Arabic names when used by authors in their non- Arabic works, most of which rely on a simplified French translitera- tion system. For example, I use Waddah Charara and Fawwaz Traboulsi instead of Wa Shar ra and Faww z r...
Published: 18 November 2016
DOI: 10.1215/9780822373797-001
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7379-7
... The introduction lays out the central argument about relating fish and humans. Taking from research in marine sciences about the simplified ocean—stripped of biodiversity—the introduction sets up the argument for a necessary complexity in food politics against the increasing simplification of...
Published: 08 April 2016
DOI: 10.1215/9780822374336-005
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7433-6
... effected an astounding, though temporary, success within the industry. As the Feminist Bookstore Network turned toward more mainstream activism, white bookwomen in leadership turned away from a daily practice of lesbian antiracist feminist accountability. The devastating cost was a simplified public...
Published: 21 April 2017
DOI: 10.1215/9780822372912-003
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7291-2
... informed Namaste’s other organizational characteristics, including its values, bureaucratic structure, and embeddedness in foreign, rather than local, networks. These characteristics ensured a reliance on specialization, simplified views of women, monitoring, paperwork, and quantitative data, as well as...
Published: 06 July 2018
DOI: 10.1215/9780822371618-012
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7161-8
..., it simplifies the more complex arrangements of government at the local level, in order to make them more easily understandable to the authorities back in Spain. 1 Nonetheless, in its extensive historical accounting, the document provides an illuminating outline of the relations between the Aymara...
Published: 19 January 2015
DOI: 10.1215/9780822376279-005
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7627-9
... multiple pasts that shape the present landscape of medical research. Pasts embodied in buildings and circulations, and in narratives and biographies, and that engage with each other, collide, and transform in the contemporary scientific work on the site. Avoiding a simplified diagnosis of transnational...
Published: 19 January 2015
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7627-9
... with each other, collide, and transform in the contemporary scientific work on the site. Avoiding a simplified diagnosis of transnational research in terms of obvious political-economic differentials, and as emblematic of a new historical regime, this reading of memories, remains, and traces makes for...
Book Chapter

By Shaoling Ma
Published: 14 May 2021
EISBN: 978-1-4780-1305-1
..., ­unless otherw­ ise stated. The inclusion of Chinese characters alternates between the traditional and simplified script depending on the x sources from which they are cited. I have not been the most pleasant person to be around at some of the most challenging moments of research and writing. Despite this...
Published: 06 December 2019
DOI: 10.1215/9781478007135-037
EISBN: 978-1-4780-0713-5
... and war preparation has been invisible, though, to people both inside and outside the military because it has been shrouded behind simplified histories or propaganda, cordoned off by secrecy laws, or been difficult to assess because so many of the consequences of running our military institutions are...
Published: 06 December 2019
DOI: 10.1215/9781478007135-033
EISBN: 978-1-4780-0713-5
..., then, were notions of white adult men being cool, levelheaded, responsible decision makers. This simplified worldview dovetailed with Americans notions of their nation as exceptional. Ingrained belief about American exceptionalism, moreover, required vigilance in demonstrating American fitness to...
Published: 06 July 2018
DOI: 10.1215/9780822371618-010
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7161-8
... Charcas Memorial, excerpted here, is a highly political document, and in numerous details, it simplifies the more complex arrangements of government at the local level, in order to make them more easily understandable to the authorities back in Spain. 1 Nonetheless, in its extensive historical accounting...
Book Chapter

By Alex Blanchette
Published: 17 April 2020
DOI: 10.1215/9781478012047-006
EISBN: 978-1-4780-1204-7
... weighted with more than three hundred years of experimental efforts on colonial plantations and farms to simplify nature or, at least, to make it appear simplified using the work of nonwhite human bodies (Carney 2001; Mintz 1984; Tsing 2012b). Agricultural colleges efforts to immobilize and sim- plify...
Published: 17 January 2020
DOI: 10.1215/9781478007456-098
EISBN: 978-1-4780-0745-6
...446 Celestial Navigation for the People Nathaniel Ingersoll Bowditch The genius mathematician Nathaniel Bowditch (1773 1838) devoted his life to celes- tial navigation, using the deck of a merchant ship as his observatory. He devised a simplified approach to the notoriously complicated skill of...
Published: 13 December 2019
EISBN: 978-1-4780-0204-8
... fig. 299), and watermelon slices (compare fig. 305). Seven- person Demoiselle compositional studies and more simplified compositional studies for Les Demoiselles. Androgy- nous figures (such as Stratz). Recto-verso figures. Many crouching figures (figs. 235, 236, 299, 300, 305). Several studies likely...
Book Chapter

By Esra Akcan
Published: 09 July 2012
DOI: 10.1215/9780822395577-007
EISBN: 978-0-8223-9557-7
...; continue the myth of problem-free modernization, nationalization, and westernization; or see a solution in a return to a tra- ditional "origin." To put it in simplified terms for summarizing purposes, I tried to accomplish the first by disclosing the colonial imagination of the architects involved, the...
Published: 24 April 2020
DOI: 10.1215/9781478009160-013
EISBN: 978-1-4780-0916-0
... analytical articles. I am personally drawn to bio- graphical portraits however problematic that are richly detailed and that do not simplify the motivations of character. In my early work,4 I revealed fragments of biographical material of my friend and in for mant in the field, Glória, who aided so much of...
Published: 10 August 2020
DOI: 10.1215/9781478012290-024
EISBN: 978-1-4780-1229-0
... and mountains. Peter Lieberson scored the epic as a chamber opera for a narrator and small instrumental ensemble, based on the poetry of Douglas Penick s text. Mitisek simplified even further. He divided the narration between two singers (ranging from shamanistic declamation to rhythmic patter to song...
Published: 01 January 2021
DOI: 10.1215/9781478013075-009
EISBN: 978-1-4780-1307-5
...- cial label that became generic, hula hoop. Hula is an indigenous sacred tradition in Hawaii, involving ritual, music, and dance, long simplified and commodified by and for settlers and tour- ists. Say the word hula, Momiala Kamahele writes, and im- ages of lithe, brown- skinned maidens, swaying...
Published: 28 May 2021
DOI: 10.1215/9781478013211-026
EISBN: 978-1-4780-9169-1
... discov- ered that complexity is not always a bad t­hing but rather a quite common experience with how we can know the world (Mol and Law 2002). If we ­didn t want to lose complexity for the sake of simplifying our findings, we needed to make time for elaborating in depth what might also be at stake. The...