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phonautograph

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Published: 20 February 2003
DOI: 10.1215/9780822384250-002
EISBN: 978-0-8223-8425-0
..., The Telephone Book In 1874, Alexander Graham Bell and Clarence Blake constructed a most curious machine (figure 1).1 A direct ancestor of the telephone and the phonograph, it consisted of an excised human ear attached by thumbscrews to a wooden chassis. The ear phonautograph produced tracings of sound...
Published: 20 February 2003
EISBN: 978-0-8223-8425-0
...1. Bell and Blake s ear phonautograph 32 2. Leon Scott s phonautograph 36 3. Drawing of sound refraction from S. Morland, Tuba Stentoro-Phonica 43 4. Edison s tinfoil phonograph 47 5. Berliner s gramophone 47 6. Early gramophone record 48 7. Early Reis telephone 78 8. The human telephone, 1897 82 9...
Published: 01 April 2015
DOI: 10.1215/9780822375494-013
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7549-4
... is based on the aural patterns of words, in contrast to ideographic writing. What it means to “record” and “reproduce” sound phonographically has coevolved with new technological developments, including the phonautograph’s automatic “reproduction” of sound on paper for visual apprehension in the 1850s...
Book Chapter

By Jonathan Sterne
Published: 20 February 2003
DOI: 10.1215/9780822384250-001
EISBN: 978-0-8223-8425-0
Book Chapter

By Jonathan Sterne
Published: 20 February 2003
DOI: 10.1215/9780822384250-011
EISBN: 978-0-8223-8425-0
... Bauman, Zygmunt, 357 n.33 Baynton, Douglas, 40 Beck, Ulrich, 69 Békésy, George, and Walter Rosen- blinth, 57 58 Bell, Alexander Graham, 28, 44, 66, 74, 328; and automata, 75 76; and deaf education, 36 41, 46, 385 n.21; and ear phonautograph, 31 34, 52 53, 72; funding of, 188, 398 nn.72 73; and inven...
Published: 20 February 2003
DOI: 10.1215/9780822384250-008
EISBN: 978-0-8223-8425-0
... as social artifacts that in turn lead us beyond themselves into other fields of practice. They are parts of networks or assemblages. The ear on Bell and Blake s phonautograph marked the collision of acoustics, physiology, otol- ogy, the pedagogy of the deaf, the state s relation to the poor, and Western...
Book Chapter

By Jonathan Sterne
Published: 20 February 2003
DOI: 10.1215/9780822384250-009
EISBN: 978-0-8223-8425-0
... at the Library of Congress), and The Use of the Membrana Tympani as a Phonautograph and Logograph, Archives of Opthamology and Otology 5 (1878): 108 113. This last article provides the most complete instructions for the construction of an ear phonautograph. 41 Blake, Sound and the Telephone, 5 7. 42 Snyder...
Book Chapter

By Jonathan Sterne
Published: 20 February 2003
DOI: 10.1215/9780822384250-010
EISBN: 978-0-8223-8425-0
.... Cambridge, Mass.: mit Press, 1995. Blake, Clarence J. Sound and the Telephone. Paper read before the British So- ciety of Telegraph Engineers, London, 8 May 1878. An offprint of this talk can be found at the Library of Congress. The Use of the Membrana Tympani as a Phonautograph and Logo- graph...
Published: 20 February 2003
DOI: 10.1215/9780822384250-003
EISBN: 978-0-8223-8425-0
... sounds otherwise imperceptible to the human ear more clearly audible. As it would come to be with the ear phonautograph, the telephone, and the phonograph, so it was with the stethoscope: mediate auscultation fetishized the cultural status and trappings of hearing loss. This is to say that, as far...