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Published: 25 August 2003
DOI: 10.1215/9780822385134-002
EISBN: 978-0-8223-8513-4
... jeffrey lesser Japanese, Brazilians, Nikkei: A Short History of Identity...
Published: 27 March 2003
DOI: 10.1215/9780822384427-003
EISBN: 978-0-8223-8442-7
...2 nikkei internment: determined identities/undecidable meanings Writing is dangerous from the moment that representation there claims to be presence and the sign of the thing itself. —Jacques Derrida, . . That Dangerous Supplement . . (1997 [1967...
Book Chapter

By Jeffrey Lesser
... Glossary colônia (colony): One of the terms used by Japanese immigrants and their descendants in Brazil to define the Nikkei community. This term was also used by other immigrant groups to represent a sense of Brazil as ‘‘home dekasegui (including the...
Book Chapter

By Jeffrey Lesser
... about . . . in Brazilian advertising It reflected a complex relationship between Brazil and Japan that was linked to the na- tional identities of Brazil’s one million citizens of Japanese descent. Con- necting Brazil to Japan was not simply a marketing strategy: in popular language Nikkei (the term...
Published: 24 August 2007
DOI: 10.1215/9780822390480-007
EISBN: 978-0-8223-9048-0
... joint campaign by the federal government and the Banco do Brasil. They are written in Japanese and use a Nikkei model. Japan and its Japanese-Brazilian corollary are everywhere. The mixing of the imagined nations of ‘‘Japan’’ and ‘‘Brazil’’ via the imag- ined community of ‘‘Japanese-Brazilians...
Published: 01 January 1999
DOI: 10.1215/9780822399292-007
EISBN: 978-0-8223-9929-2
... identity was cracked open. The give-and-take shows that elite discourses on race and ethnicity were surprisingly flexible under specific conditions. The expansion of national identity to include Syrian-Lebanese and nikkei allowed the Brazilian elite to enrich itself at the modest cost of the anger...
Published: 25 August 2003
DOI: 10.1215/9780822385134-001
EISBN: 978-0-8223-8513-4
... involved in a ‘‘return’’ to Japan, a classic labor migration, or something altogether different? Does the term Nikkei, now regularly used by scholars of ethnicity to refer to people of Japa- nese descent, have much meaning when notions of gender, class, generation, national identity, and subethnic...
Published: 24 August 2007
DOI: 10.1215/9780822390480-004
EISBN: 978-0-8223-9048-0
... 3. Machine Guns and Honest Faces Japanese-Brazilian Ethnicity and Armed Struggle, 1964–1980 R In the decades after World War II, large numbers of Nikkei migrated to São Paulo and...
Book Chapter

By Jeffrey Lesser
Published: 25 August 2003
EISBN: 978-0-8223-8513-4
... foreigner; a person who is not Japanese. In Brazil this term is often used by Nikkei for non-Nikkei Brazilians. haiku: Japanese seventeen-syllable poetry. xii • Glossary imin: immigrant. isei (or issei): Japanese immigrants (to Brazil or elsewhere). japonês: person of Japanese descent (sometimes...
Published: 24 August 2007
DOI: 10.1215/9780822390480-003
EISBN: 978-0-8223-9048-0
... extended depictions of Nikkei, were released during the early years of the dictatorship. Yet as the ‘‘hard line’’ military assumed increasing power over the course of the sixties, filmmakers confronted new challenges and created new forums for the circulation of ideas about ethnicity and national...
Published: 24 August 2007
DOI: 10.1215/9780822390480-001
EISBN: 978-0-8223-9048-0
... War II, Nikkei throughout the Americas were linked to international capital in ways that changed identity construction. Japan’s position on the world stage meant that Nikkei were simultaneously viewed as ‘‘radically Other’’ and as part of a ‘‘common capitalist identity When Brazil’s military took...
Published: 25 August 2003
DOI: 10.1215/9780822385134-006
EISBN: 978-0-8223-8513-4
..., the ‘‘land of theirancestors’’ is nothing more than ‘‘a land full of yen4 Indeed, what appeared to move such a large number of Japanese Bra- zilians (Nikkei) to the other side of theworld was a desire to earn the maximum in the minimum of time.5 At a more theoretical level, the dekassegui (used...
Published: 24 August 2007
DOI: 10.1215/9780822390480-005
EISBN: 978-0-8223-9048-0
... 4. Two Deaths Remembered R The lives and tragic deaths of Sueli Yumiko Kamayana and André Massafumi Yoshinaga show the multiple ways the majority understood and remembered Nikkei militants in both real and...
Published: 24 August 2007
DOI: 10.1215/9780822390480-002
EISBN: 978-0-8223-9048-0
... ∞. Brazil’s Japan Film and the Space of Ethnicity, 1960–1970 R Prior to 1960, Nikkei did not appear in many Brazilian movies. Yet as they became increasingly visible in São Paulo’s urban...
Published: 25 August 2003
DOI: 10.1215/9780822385134-010
EISBN: 978-0-8223-8513-4
... whom work in Japanese facto- ries. Those Brazilians, whether of Japanese descent or married to Nikkeis, are with few exceptions legal migrants.The overwhelming majority were admitted to Japan by virtue of a 1990 law designed to relieve Japan’s industrial labor shortage by attracting (supposedly...
Book Chapter

By Jeffrey Lesser
Published: 24 August 2007
DOI: 10.1215/9780822390480-010
EISBN: 978-0-8223-9048-0
... Atlantic Petroleum, 20; for policy, 7–8, 29; parents and, 106; sex- Bamerindus, xx; for Bem Dotado, 54; uality and, 53–59, 151 for Gaijin, xxv; for Japan Airlines, 16; Brazil: Japan and, xx, xxvii, 3; images of images of Nikkei and, 148; protest Japan in, 5, 13, 17; Nikkei visibility in...
Published: 01 January 1999
DOI: 10.1215/9780822399292-005
EISBN: 978-0-8223-9929-2
..., 18 September 1935 2 Between 1933 and 1950 the immigrant stream from Japan to Brazil would slow, but the discussion of the social place of Japanese and their descen• dants remained a national topic. Immigrants and nikkei alike began to play an aggressive role in constructing a multifaceted...
Published: 01 April 2011
DOI: 10.1215/9780822393603-009
EISBN: 978-0-8223-9360-3
... A brazilwood cherry tree Cabra-ninja, sou mestiço. Cabraninga,11 I am mestiço. —Adolfo Mizuta, “Tupy-Nikkeys,” 2008 Zhen Brasil walks onto the stage of Sem Limites para Sonhar (No Limits to Dream), a talk show hosted by singer Fábio Jr. To their audience the group is both...
... ethnic group (Jewish) would be interested in Brazilian Nikkei. As I conducted the research for this book, many people I met asked, ‘‘I know someone who is Japanese-Brazilian; would you like to meet her (or him This did not come as a surprise: São Paulo is filled with Japanese- Brazilians...
... 27. ‘‘The Consul’s Kidnapping: Reorganized Terror? Desperate Terror Veja, 18 March 1970 137 Figure 28. ap photograph, 15 March 1970 144 Map 1. Birthplaces of Nikkei militants 78 Table 1. Population, São Paulo (state and city) and Brazil, 1960 and 1980, with percentage increase xxv Table 2...