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Published: 13 April 2012
DOI: 10.1215/9780822394839-006
EISBN: 978-0-8223-9483-9
Published: 30 June 2004
DOI: 10.1215/9780822385776-006
EISBN: 978-0-8223-8577-6
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.1215/9780822375791-002
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7579-1
... After discussing the problem of emancipation in the colonial Antilles, this chapter situates Aimé Césaire in relation to existing scholarship and the wartime political landscape. It focuses on his writings for the journal Tropiques in Martinique during the years of Vichy occupation, when he...
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.1215/9780822375791-007
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7579-1
... Martinique, which he hoped to transform into an autonomous region of a new federal republic. The chapter argues that Césaire’s federalism was mediated by the legacy of Toussaint Louverture’s 1801 constitution for Saint-Domingue. Suggesting that Toussaint addressed a future that had not yet arrived, the...
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.1215/9780822375791-005
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7579-1
... This chapter analyzes Aimé Césaire’s belief that decolonization—substantive colonial emancipation—in Martinique and Guadeloupe could be realized through a law transforming these colonial territories into departments of France. Against scholarship that regards his support for departmentalization...
Published: 20 January 2020
DOI: 10.1215/9781478007609-072
EISBN: 978-1-4780-0760-9
... were a response to colonial and racist representations of people of African descent. Aimé Césaire, from Martinique, and Léopold Sédar Senghor, from Senegal, among others, spearheaded the movement, which explicitly celebrated black- ness and African culture. Négritude s impact on Haitian literature is...
Published: 30 August 2019
EISBN: 978-1-4780-0531-5
... in Caribbean popular musics. Stressing a multidisciplinary approach, she addresses these issues in the scholarly intersections of music, anthro- pology, cultural studies, and history. Her research in Saint Lucia, Martinique, Guade- loupe, Dominica, and Trinidad is reported in articles and in Zouk...
Published: 17 July 2020
DOI: 10.1215/9781478008866-003
EISBN: 978-1-4780-0886-6
.... Together they defended a law that would establish Guadeloupe, Martinique, Reunion Island, and French Guyana as French departments. They presented a bleak assessment of the state of their respective socie ties the rampant poverty and the la men ta ble state of education, health, housing, and civil rights...
Published: 17 July 2020
DOI: 10.1215/9781478008866-008
EISBN: 978-1-4780-0886-6
...introduction 1 The overseas departments (dom) are former slave colonies Guadeloupe, Martinique, Guyana, Reunion Island refashioned as departments by the law of March 19, 1946. The dom- tom comprises the overseas departments and those territories ruled by other administrative forms: French...
Published: 20 January 2020
DOI: 10.1215/9781478007609-127
EISBN: 978-1-4780-0760-9
... painting, 460 Magloire, Paul, 253, 509 Makandal, 16 18 Marines. See U.S. Marines markets, 76, 122, 124 25, 128, 406, 408 12, 454; international, 190, 248, 389, 509; in literature, 156 57, 234, 347, 373 77 maroons, 50, 76, 321, 404 Mars, Kettly, 452 55 Martineau, Jean-Claude (Koralen), 284 85 Martinique, 1...
Published: 17 January 2020
DOI: 10.1215/9781478007456-047
EISBN: 978-1-4780-0745-6
... of his country, until she shall be blotted from the list of nations. The French fleet at this time assembled in Fort Royal Bay, Martinique, consisted of thirty-three sail of the line, and two ships of fifty guns, and in this fleet were embarked a large body of troops, viz. five thousand four hundred...
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.1215/9781478012894-003
EISBN: 978-1-4780-1289-4
... wife, Suzanne Césaire, was heavily informed by the geography of their native Martinique, and Suzanne even propagated that one s Antillean identity could be empowered if it is situated in the soil, the nucleus of the landscape. This chapter thus examines the ways in which Lam s dense to- pographies not...
Published: 30 October 2020
DOI: 10.1215/9781478012658-022
EISBN: 978-1-4780-1265-8
... Cane Alley, from France by way of Martinique, was my first glimpse of even a portion of my own peculiar African- Antillean- European- American sensibility on screen. Her negation in the Times Magazine article makes me mad. 90 Three. Reclaiming Black Female Subjectivity I set out to discover how the...
Published: 25 October 2019
DOI: 10.1215/9781478007227-008
EISBN: 978-1-4780-0722-7
..., without ever having been able to sever ourselves from them once and for all, without their ever having stopped being a concern to us. In this way, in the midst of the Alge- rian war, Fanon was reminded of Martinique, his island of birth. This rememoration is simultaneously a taking of distance, a self...
Published: 17 July 2020
DOI: 10.1215/9781478008866-009
EISBN: 978-1-4780-0886-6
... Association for Children s Mental Health, 85, 146 Atlantic Charter, 30 Aubry, Jenny, 85, 146 Auclert, Hubertine, 106 Backmann, René, 14, 16; The Island of Doctor Moreau, 27, 128, 129, 130 Banana workers strike of 1948 (Martinique), 43, 135 Index 158 · Index Bandung, 5 Bard, Christine, 113, 147, 148 Beale...
Book Chapter

By Rachel Douglas
Published: 27 September 2019
DOI: 10.1215/9781478005308-009
EISBN: 978-1-4780-0530-8
... of, 180 88; and West Indian identity, 130; writing out of, 12, 26, 168 Lucchese, Filippo del, 190 Lycée Sch lcher (Martinique), 129. See also Césaire, Aimé Lyndersay, Dexter, 10, 78, 140, 145 52, 154, 156 57, 158, 161 63, 174, 176 Macaulay, Thomas Babington, 108 Macaya, 61, 167, 229n107 Madiou...
Published: 19 March 2021
DOI: 10.1215/9781478013167-017
EISBN: 978-1-4780-1316-7
... French overseas departments and territories such as Guadeloupe, Martinique, and Ré union Island: Socie ties born of slavery and colonialism (against which they fought) remain marked by this legacy which includes . . . on the one hand, a legacy of inequalities, racism, the devaluation of the Black...
Published: 02 April 2021
DOI: 10.1215/9781478021223-022
EISBN: 978-1-4780-2122-3
...). It is in the context of the passage in which Fanon both acknowledges and disavows that there is any homo sexuality in Martinique that he makes the astonishing remark about the absence of the Oedipus complex in the Antilles (Fanon 1986, 180n44). The debate as to whether the Oedipus complex is...
Published: 11 October 2019
DOI: 10.1215/9781478007173-004
EISBN: 978-1-4780-0717-3
..., attempting to give them dignity by recognizing their distinctive traditions; the other a psychiatrist from Martinique trained in France and dealing di- rectly with victims of vio lence on both sides of the colonial divide. The one was attached to the university and ventured into communities as research sites...
Book Chapter

By Samantha A. Noël
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.1215/9781478012894-009
EISBN: 978-1-4780-1289-4
...), 125 26 mambises (peasant outlaws), 74 mambo, 150 51 Manifest Destiny, 9, 32, 33, 35, 42 Manifesto Antropófago (Andrade), 90 91, 180 Manley, Edna, 15 marronage, 45, 112 Martinique, 13, 62, 65 66, 116 marvelous real, 17 18; Americas as, 68; Douglas and, 25, 45; grotesque realism and, 101 2...