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mandatory

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Published: 22 June 2005
DOI: 10.1215/9780822386872-004
EISBN: 978-0-8223-8687-2
Published: 04 September 2015
DOI: 10.1215/9780822375296-004
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7529-6
... Department video that introduces foreign visitors to mandatory biometric capture in which the trusted traveler is visualized as a rudimentary outline of a human figure. The implicit logic of the video’s aesthetics is that the territory and citizens of the United States are already transparent. ...
Series: Global Insecurities
Published: 01 January 2021
DOI: 10.1215/9781478013006-004
EISBN: 978-1-4780-1300-6
... to mostly brown immigrants since 1965; in the eu s border management regime inaugurated in the 1990s to hold back mi grants from African and Arab countries; in Australia s fanatical attempts to quarantine itself against Kurdish, Afghani, Timorese, and other mi grants through the imposition of mandatory...
Published: 16 October 2020
DOI: 10.1215/9781478012641-043
EISBN: 978-1-4780-1264-1
..., for example, how the most frequent manifestations of institutional compliance such as universal mandatory reporting, required sexual assault awareness train- ing, and Title IX investigation and hearings processes themselves have unin- tended negative consequences, such as discouraging reports of sexual vio...
Series: ANIMA: Critical Race Studies Otherwise
Published: 06 November 2019
DOI: 10.1215/9781478002338-006
EISBN: 978-1-4780-0233-8
... and Latinx communities. The 1984 Comprehensive Crime Control Act, followed by the Anti- Drug Abuse Acts of 1986 and 1988, imposed mandatory minimum sentencing for drug- related offenses and re- stricted the possibility of release on parole, thereby swelling the prison popu- lation and creating a crisis...
Book Chapter

By Kareem Rabie
Published: 09 April 2021
DOI: 10.1215/9781478021407-015
EISBN: 978-1-4780-2140-7
..., Michael, 209 blue line plans. See special outline plans Bou Akar, Hiba, 6 7, 82 Boycott, Divestment, and Sanctions (bds) movement, 76, 219n9, 232n7 Brexit, 179 British Mandatory law, 164, 171 Building the State of Palestine: A Success Story, 85 Canaan, Taufik, 158, 228n7 Central Planning Department (cpd...
Published: 04 June 2021
DOI: 10.1215/9781478021476-006
EISBN: 978-1-4780-2147-6
... religion, but in the specific sense that it receives its warrant from the state. Given this widely held view of religious conflict, secularism becomes all but mandatory, as does the need for a unified state. The rationality of the state, or what amount to the same t­ hing, the presumed conditions...
Published: 04 December 2020
DOI: 10.1215/9781478012474-002
EISBN: 978-1-4780-1247-4
... by commercial banks, and the British Mandatory Government attempted to in- troduce cheaper forms of credit through state- supported bank lending and agricultural cooperatives (Nadan 2005; Mitter 2014). However, most lend- ing during the Ottoman and British Mandate periods was informal (Nadan 2005). The role...
Series: Refiguring American Music
Published: 23 April 2021
DOI: 10.1215/9781478021391-092
EISBN: 978-1-4780-2139-1
... in larger impact. But it bequeathed to music lit er a ture a mandatory intellectual revisionism. THE GHOSTWRITER BEHIND THE MUSIC BOOKS Ray Charles and David Ritz, Brother Ray: Ray Charles Own Story, 1978 Ritz, music s most prolific as told to, with, or and autobiographer especially notable for his...
Book Chapter

By Hatim El-Hibri
Published: 21 May 2021
DOI: 10.1215/9781478013020-009
EISBN: 978-1-4780-1302-0
... Fawaz, Leila Tarazi, 187n34 Feuer, Jane, 209n87 foreign domestic workers, 5 foreign investment, 79, 86 Forensic Architecture group, 206n52 Foucault, Michel, 11 12, 187n37, 210n7 Franco, Francisco, 41 Frangie, Samer, 186n30 INDEX2 5 0 Fregonese, Sara, 56 French Mandate. See Mandatory Lebanon Friends...
Series: Global Insecurities
Published: 06 December 2019
DOI: 10.1215/9781478007135-074
EISBN: 978-1-4780-0713-5
... Vidal s famous essay The National Security State (1988), in which Vidal s analy sis of mandatory and discretionary spending revealed that the American military s bud get was far larger than the meek 37 percent appearing at first glance (when only considering the listed U.S. Department of Defense bud...
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.1215/9780822374817-008
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7481-7
... to the problems that the state has had a large part in creating. Consider these examples:52 An undocumented woman calls the police because of domestic vi• olence. Under current mandatory arrest laws, the police must arrest someone on domestic violence calls. Because the police cannot find...
Series: Asia-Pacific: Culture, Politics, and Society, Asia-Pacific: Culture, Politics, and Society
Published: 27 March 2009
DOI: 10.1215/9780822392293-002
EISBN: 978-0-8223-9229-3
..., and working long hours in labor-intensive production lines. They fell into pov- erty from reduced wages stemming from mandatory dormitory fees, and they could not quit their jobs because of either physical coercion or dire economic consequences, many of which stemmed from mandatory savings plans...
Published: 24 April 2020
DOI: 10.1215/9781478009160-003
EISBN: 978-1-4780-0916-0
... blow-up dolls in the win dow; a store selling light bulbs of all hues and wattage; a trophy store; a roasted chestnut stand; the mandatory dumpling stall; a few old moon- gate entrances to residential alleys; and the homeless woman dragging along the uneven pavement in Cultural Revolution braids...
Published: 24 April 2020
DOI: 10.1215/9781478009160-040
EISBN: 978-1-4780-0916-0
... the tops of one another. The social is too much and too little: a charge of free radicals. Sometimes it s carefully selected, like the guests at a dinner party, or pointedly sched- uled, like the ten- minute mandatory time- outs every hour at the swimming pool just to be safe. In the corporate key...
Series: Refiguring American Music
Published: 23 April 2021
DOI: 10.1215/9781478021391-091
EISBN: 978-1-4780-2139-1
... ended rock, let alone rock and roll. It was no hip- hop or even metal in larger impact. But it bequeathed to music lit er a ture a mandatory intellectual revisionism. THE GHOSTWRITER BEHIND THE MUSIC BOOKS Ray Charles and David Ritz, Brother Ray: Ray Charles Own Story, 1978 Ritz, music s most prolific...
Published: 25 February 1988
DOI: 10.1215/9780822381501-019
EISBN: 978-0-8223-8150-1
... to be achieved by great power action, the Iraqi Kurds as a whole, earlier hostile to the idea of incorporation into an Arab kingdom, began after 1923 to cooperate with the mandatory government. By 1925 Kurdish notables were regularly elected to the new parliament, and there were Kurds in both the cabinet...
Published: 04 December 2020
DOI: 10.1215/9781478012474-005
EISBN: 978-1-4780-1247-4
... (interview with Hussein, 14 May 2013). In chapter 1, obligations were defined as practices and relations that are un- derstood by people to be mandatory, without the quality of absolute necessity or compulsion. Debts and social ties in Ramallah are obligations precisely because in both cases honoring them...
Published: 09 October 2019
DOI: 10.1215/9781478005599-004
EISBN: 978-1-4780-0559-9
... and culture of media viewership, as clarified by the system of mandatory theatrical screenings of instructional films in India, discussed below.41 This is one reason why, in comparison to the disciplinary disaggregation of British geo graph i cals into specific curricular frames, Thapa s fd shorts exhibit...
Published: 13 September 2019
DOI: 10.1215/9781478005292-008
EISBN: 978-1-4780-0529-2
... of food and drink in ritual monthly fasts, abstinence from other food and drink on a daily basis, mandatory tithes and financial contributions, perfect obedience to patriarchal leaders. These mandates are difficult to uphold purposefully so, since their goal is to forge strength through adversity. Sten...