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history of science

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Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.1215/9780822397977-003
EISBN: 978-0-8223-9797-7
Series: New Americanists
Published: 30 November 1995
DOI: 10.1215/9780822381976-003
EISBN: 978-0-8223-8197-6
Published: 01 April 2015
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7549-4
... acoustics history of science Sauveur Helmholtz Rayleigh ...
Published: 17 March 2017
DOI: 10.1215/9780822373094-003
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7309-4
... This chapter examines the kinds of culturalism apparent in studies of the history of science, and the normative roles they play in the interpretation and evaluation of historical studies of science in the non-Western world. It discusses cultural essentialism and universalism as examples...
Series: Archives of empire ;
Published: 10 December 2003
DOI: 10.1215/9780822385042-050
EISBN: 978-0-8223-8504-2
Published: 17 March 2017
DOI: 10.1215/9780822373094-012
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7309-4
... It is generally accepted that the development of the modern sciences is rooted in experiment, yet for a long time experimentation did not occupy a prominent role in history of science. With the “practical turn” in science studies, the situation has changed. This chapter examines a particular...
Book Chapter

By Terry Smith, Robert Bailey
Published: 01 January 2017
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7432-9
... Art & Language Conceptual Art art and philosophy history and philosophy of science linguistics ...
Book Chapter

By Paul Wenzel Geissler
Series: Critical Global Health: Evidence, Efficacy, Ethnography
Published: 19 January 2015
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7627-9
... science research collaboration nationalism post-colonial history memory remains landscape ...
Published: 01 April 2015
DOI: 10.1215/9780822375494-003
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7549-4
... The history of acoustics, a subfield of physics, can be written as a narrative in which this field of knowledge came to be defined less by the study of sound itself than by the nonaural physical conditions that enable it. Having emerged in the early modern era simply as the science of the heard...
Published: 17 March 2017
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7309-4
... is rooted in experiment, yet for a long time experimentation did not occupy a prominent role in history of science. With the “practical turn” in science studies, the situation has changed. This chapter examines a particular aspect of scientific practice, which can be addressed as “cultures of experiment...
Published: 17 March 2017
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7309-4
... evaluation cultures. evaluation collateralized debt obligation asset-backed security financial crisis This chapter examines the kinds of culturalism apparent in studies of the history of science, and the normative roles they play in the interpretation and evaluation of historical studies...
Published: 13 May 2016
DOI: 10.1215/9780822374213-001
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7421-3
... The introduction situates the work of the book within critical feminist theories of monogamy and feminist conversations about science and its proper objects. It explains how the book’s objects of inquiry, primary sources, and critical methodologies contribute to a naturecultural approach...
Series: Experimental Futures
Published: 19 August 2016
DOI: 10.1215/9780822373780-002
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7378-0
... Chapter 1 draws on histories and politics of pigeon-human interactions to explore basic changes in thinking and feeling, in a movement from bounded individualism to tentacular patterning. Drawing from science studies, multispecies studies, storytelling, ecological and developmental biology...
Published: 17 March 2017
DOI: 10.1215/9780822373094-010
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7309-4
... This chapter historicizes the concept of culture to better understand discussions of culture and cultural difference in the sciences and beyond. Historicization not only traces the past meanings and practices related to "culture" but also contributes to a more refined and reflexive application...
Published: 17 March 2017
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7309-4
...Distinguishing the Many Dimensions of Encultured Practice This chapter examines the kinds of culturalism apparent in studies of the history of science, and the normative roles they play in the interpretation and evaluation of historical studies of science in the non-Western world...
Published: 17 March 2017
DOI: 10.1215/9780822373391-012
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7339-1
..., and the challenges that science poses to the so-called new materialism), the chapter makes good the point that concepts, too, are objects—and not just objects but objects in relation, objects in conflict. That point is essential, the chapter argues, for counteracting the incoherence generated, in the first place...
Published: 17 March 2017
DOI: 10.1215/9780822373094-001
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7309-4
.... Finally, the introduction outlines what is at stake for the history and philosophy of science in considering cultural diversity. It emphasizes in particular the historiographic implications of identifying multiple scientific cultures, both synchronically and diachronically. culturalism constituent...
Published: 14 October 2016
DOI: 10.1215/9780822373933-003
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7393-3
... A brief history of Western medicine starts with Galen and takes one from the humoral-imbalance theory to the late 19 th century germ theory of disease. A key turning point in medicine was the Flexner Report of 1910, which facilitated the transformation of medicine into a science-based...
Published: 20 January 2017
DOI: 10.1215/9780822373254-001
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7325-4
... This chapter criticizes continuing tendencies to sociocentrism and humanist exceptionalism in the humanities and human sciences. To discern these tendencies in their strong form the chapter compares four diverse modernists: Rousseau, Isaiah Berlin, Hayek, and Marx. The idea of the Anthropocene...
Published: 15 May 2015
DOI: 10.1215/9780822375463-003
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7546-3
... Through hailing different configurations of women as objects and subjects of surveillance, the long history of efforts to uncover and combat the “traffic in women” offers an instructive case for feminist surveillance studies at this important moment of field formation. The history of anti...