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Series: Theory in Forms
Published: 15 May 2019
DOI: 10.1215/9781478002666
EISBN: 978-1-4780-0266-6
Book Chapter

By Florence Bernault
Series: Theory in Forms
Published: 15 May 2019
DOI: 10.1215/9781478002666-009
EISBN: 978-1-4780-0266-6
... testimony by Alfred Marche on stealing three human skulls in northern Gabon in Trois voyages dans l Afrique occidentale: Sénégal Gambie Casamance Gabon Ogooué, 2nd ed. (Paris: Librairie Hachette et Cie, 1882), 109. 2 On preserving chimpanzees heads, see Augustus C. Collodon, Congo Jake: The Story of My...
Series: Theory in Forms
Published: 15 May 2019
DOI: 10.1215/9781478002666-001
EISBN: 978-1-4780-0266-6
...Introduction In mid- nineteenth- century Gabon, a vortex of bodily assaults and magical warfare brought Eu ro pe ans and Africans together in strange pursuits of power and knowledge. In the name of scientific curiosity, foreign visitors often snatched human remains from graveyards and shrines...
Series: Theory in Forms
Published: 15 May 2019
DOI: 10.1215/9781478002666-010
EISBN: 978-1-4780-0266-6
..., Adam. Witchcraft, Vio lence, and Democracy in South Africa. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 2005. Aubame, Jean- Marie. Les Bëti du Gabon et d ailleurs. 2 vols. Paris: L Harmattan, 2002. Augé, Marc, ed. La construction du monde: Religion, représentations, idéologie. Paris: François Maspero...
Series: Theory in Forms
Published: 15 May 2019
DOI: 10.1215/9781478002666-006
EISBN: 978-1-4780-0266-6
... native hungers for revenge. In the nineteenth century, this imaginary merged with power ful Eu ro pean dreams about monkeys and the great apes. Their discovery in Gabon coincided with the publication of Charles Darwin s Origin of Species in 1859. In 1861, an obscure Franco- American explorer, Paul Du...
Series: Theory in Forms
Published: 15 May 2019
DOI: 10.1215/9781478002666-005
EISBN: 978-1-4780-0266-6
...four The Value of People References to l argent (money) saturate the personal interactions of the Gabo- nese, often surging in angry or blasé complaints: In Gabon, today, it s just the money . . . [imitating a greedy person]: Give me the money! 1 With most people experiencing dire economic...
Series: Theory in Forms
Published: 15 May 2019
DOI: 10.1215/9781478002666-004
EISBN: 978-1-4780-0266-6
...three Carnal Fetishism In today s Gabon, not a month passes without the public and the press la- menting another crime rituel (ritual crime), a killing in which thugs mutilate a victim to harvest his or her body parts, preferably the tongue, the eyes, and the genital organs. The Gabonese say...
Series: Theory in Forms
Published: 15 May 2019
DOI: 10.1215/9781478002666-003
EISBN: 978-1-4780-0266-6
... commodities, charms preserved their agency. Instead of destroying them, the transactions of the colonial era reinforced these patterns. 70 chapter two Beyond Gabon, the chapter thus brings a new perspective to the problem- idea of the fetish.1 Few scholars have been able to approach this history by looking...
Book Chapter

By Florence Bernault
Series: Theory in Forms
Published: 15 May 2019
DOI: 10.1215/9781478002666-007
EISBN: 978-1-4780-0266-6
... did coincide at places. Such resemblance encouraged significant transfers, borrowings, expansion, and shrinking of meaning. Although today eating- as- power remains an im mense machinery of agency and capacity, and a central imaginary of social disasters and cures in Gabon, its meaning has...
Book Chapter

By Florence Bernault
Series: Theory in Forms
Published: 15 May 2019
DOI: 10.1215/9781478002666-008
EISBN: 978-1-4780-0266-6
... authority on land, on nature spirits, on youngsters, and on women. The technologies that had helped them to produce riches and secure social reproduction were increasingly failing. At the same time, Eu ro pe ans liv- ing in Gabon knew that colonial rule betrayed their own moral compasses and po liti cal...
Book Chapter

By Florence Bernault
Series: Theory in Forms
Published: 15 May 2019
EISBN: 978-1-4780-0266-6
... later came to grasp that, beyond a personal failing, the impulse was also shaped by the colonial past. Historically, I was the descendant of men and women who had invaded Africa and had also, in their time, been baffled and angered by local ways. This study of Gabon is thus written by an outsider coming...
Series: Theory in Forms
Published: 15 May 2019
DOI: 10.1215/9781478002666-002
EISBN: 978-1-4780-0266-6
... gathered so far, a medley of cults, rumors, complaints and trials, colonial fantasies, and administrative attacks. I found the region an ob- vious choice to test my archival and field findings. In the northern and central part of Gabon (the Ogooué Valley and the economic capital of Port- Gentil...
Series: Refiguring American Music
Published: 08 January 2016
DOI: 10.1215/9780822374947-016
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7494-7
... adequate attention. Drawing on musical examples from the Central African Republic, Nigeria, Gabon, Ghana, Benin, and South Africa, this chapter contrasts pre- and postcolonial tonal landscapes in order to highlight some of the challenges that confront composition under a tonal regime...
Published: 13 December 2019
DOI: 10.1215/9781478002048-239
EISBN: 978-1-4780-0204-8
...P l a t e 1 Picasso, Les Demoiselles d Avignon, 1907. P l a t e 2 Republic of the Congo and Gabon masks, Frobenius 1898. P l a t e 3 Picasso, Study of Man, 1907. P l a t e 4 Picasso, compo- sitional study for Les Demoiselles d Avignon, 1907. P l a t e 5 Picasso, Th ree Figures under a Tree, 1907 8...
Series: Refiguring American Music
Published: 08 January 2016
EISBN: 978-0-8223-7494-7
...—as they affect language, political and educational systems, and culture broadly—the pervasive and lasting impact of functional tonality and the attendant “underdevelopment" of local tonal resources have not received adequate attention. Drawing on musical examples from the Central African Republic, Nigeria, Gabon...
Published: 13 December 2019
EISBN: 978-1-4780-0204-8
... Duke University Press. Plates Plate 1. Pablo Picasso, Les Demoiselles d Avignon, March 26, 1907. Museum of Modern Art, New York. (Online Picasso Project) opp.07:001. Plate 2. Anonymous artists, Republic of the Congo and Gabon masks, 19th century. Leo Frobenius, Die Masken und Geheimbünde Afrikas, 1898...
Book Chapter

By Florence Bernault
Series: Theory in Forms
Published: 15 May 2019
DOI: 10.1215/9781478002666-011
EISBN: 978-1-4780-0266-6
..., 263n99 French Revolution, 97, 107 Freud, Sigmund, 157, 216n93 Friedman, Kajsa Elkhom, 173 funerary rites, 97 102 fusil nocturne (nightly gun), 16, 173, 214n72, 281n19 Gabon: southern, 27 28, 32, 42 45; ter- rains, 12 16. See also Mouila Garner, Richard, 142, 230n158, 276n101 gaspiller (waste), 123...
Published: 13 December 2019
DOI: 10.1215/9781478002048-005
EISBN: 978-1-4780-0204-8
... this woman with her rear to the viewer yet simultane- ously turning around to stare at us. Figural studies for Les Demoiselles reveal this same kind of complementarity and play with front and back. A drawing of a grouping of Kota figures in a local Gabon shrine, published in Frobenius (figure 101), in some...
Published: 13 December 2019
DOI: 10.1215/9781478002048-004
EISBN: 978-1-4780-0204-8
... had already shown an interest in African works. Matisse notes accordingly that from this same rue de Rennes shop (owned by Emile Heymann), [André] Derain bought a large [Fang, Gabon] mask. It became something of interest for the group of advanced painters. 11 When Heymann opened his rue de Rennes...
Book Chapter

By Suzanne Preston Blier
Published: 13 December 2019
DOI: 10.1215/9781478002048-012
EISBN: 978-1-4780-0204-8
..., 216 The Adolescents (or Two Youths) (1906), 200, 203, 207 Adouma (Gabon): ceremony, 49, 49; masks, 92, 92, 127 African art: Apollinaire and, 85, 135, 142, 152 53, 184, 267, 268, 289; Braque and, 10, 85, 151; childhood of humanity associated with, 240; com- pared to Egyptian sculpture, 144, 234...